Hal Bernton, 2013-14 O'Brien Fellow

Hal BerntonHal Bernton has been a reporter with The Seattle Times since 2000. He received the Gerald R. Ford Prize for national defense reporting in 2013 and was a Pulitzer finalist in 2003 for his work with other Seattle Times reporters on “The Terrorist Within.” In 1989, he was part of a team that won the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service for “People in Peril,” a series published by The Anchorage Daily News about Alaska’s native peoples.

Losing Ground | The Struggle to Reduce CO2

What follows is a series of stories that Hal Bernton reported on while based at the Diederich College of Communication and as an O’Brien Fellow during the 2013-14 academic year. The series was published in The Seattle Times and includes reporting from the front lines of China’s changing energy industry and also focuses on the challenges of reducing carbon emissions in the United States.

May 2014

Introduction to series: We all have a stake in China’s embrace of coal

Hexigten Qi, China – We are losing ground in the struggle to control carbon emissions. Despite surging investments in solar and wind, carbon-rich coal has been the energy superstar around the globe during the early years of the 21st century as demand soared in Asia.

China’s coal solution has carbon downside

Global carbon-dioxide emissions are climbing at rates that pose severe risks to the planet, and reversing that trend is heavily dependent on China making cuts in its emissions.

Carbon storage difficult, and expensive

Capturing and storing industrial carbon dioxide emissions is seen as a hopeful strategy for slowing down climate change. But development of the expensive technology is lagging.

China’s coal plants guzzle scarce water

Hexigten Qi, China – Plants turning coal into gas, chemicals and electricity are sucking up vast amounts of water in a nation already struggling with serious shortages. That threatens many communities and could crimp the industry’s plans for expansion.

Renewable-energy surge slow to wean China off coal

Chifeng, China – China now leads the world in development of renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar. It’s still unclear whether that will pay off in serious cuts in coal use and a reduction in China’s surging carbon emissions.

Western firms gave China power projects a boost

China’s boom in renewable wind-energy projects was financed, in part, by Western companies seeking “carbon credits” to offset emissions from their own plants back home. But questions abound about the effectiveness of the credit program.

August 2014

Promise of a ‘clean coal’ future far from reality

Meredosia, Illinois – FutureGen hopes to remake an aging Illinois power plant into a showcase for “clean coal” by capturing carbon-dioxide emissions and storing those underground. But the effort has come to reflect broader problems in the effort to develop cleaner energy technologies.

September 2014

Power clashes cloud solar’s future in Washington

Government cash incentives have helped a fledgling solar-energy industry gain a toehold in Washington. But battles still loom over how to make solar more affordable for homeowners and small businesses.

As wind power surges, opposition grows

Forest, Wisconsin – Wind-power developers are facing growing opposition in some states. A fight swirls around the efforts in Congress to extend the federal wind-power tax credit.

Natural gas alone isn't magic weapon against climate change

Natural gas is no long-term fix in the effort to shield the world from the most severe effects of climate change or meet the difficult goal set by world leaders to keep global temperatures from rising no more than 2 degrees Celsius.

October 2014

Gas exports may foil B.C. carbon goals

Vancouver, B.C. – British Columbia has launched an ambitious effort to reduce its carbon emissions by one-third, with a tax on gas, coal and oil use as its centerpiece. But that goal could be subverted by the province’s desire to become a major natural-gas exporter. (Alex Krouse assisted in research for this story.)

One Republican’s carbon-tax campaign faces an uphill battle

Milwaukee – Former congressman Bob Inglis’ effort to persuade his fellow Republicans to back a carbon tax is part of a struggle within the party over how — if at all — to address carbon emissions and global warming.

Student work on 'Losing Ground'

Throughout the course of Bernton’s O’Brien Fellowship, Diederich College of Communication students contributed as interns to various aspects of his work as experiential learning. Ye Zhu, a Marquette graduate student, accompanied Bernton on his trip to her native China and contributed video and photos to his series (see below); she also earned a summer internship at the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette as part of the fellowship program. Alex Krouse, another graduate student, assisted in research for several stories in the series. Senior journalism major Erin Heffernan contributed Bernton’s reporting on at least two stories, and earned a byline on the “As wind power surges, opposition grows” story and a summer internship at The Seattle Times as part of the program. Senior journalism major Melanie Lawder and Evan Peterson and Carolyn Portner, both senior broadcast and electronic communication majors, also contributed to Bernton’s reporting.

As wind power surges, opposition grows

Wind-power developers are facing growing opposition in some states. A fight swirls around the efforts in Congress to extend the federal wind-power tax credit. Journalism major Erin Heffernan contributed to Bernton's reporting, earning a byline on this story and a summer internship at The Seattle Times.

Video: Fracking in Texas

Marquette graduate student Alex Krouse and senior journalism majors Melanie Lawder and Carolyn Portner contributed research and reporting to Bernton's series – and produced and edited this video focusing on the fracking boom in Denton, Texas.

Video: A new role for coal in China

China is using coal to produce a cleaner-burning fuel, which is piped to Beijing to fight urban smog. But the process that creates this gas is anything but clean. Marquette graduate student Ye Zhu accompanied Bernton on his trip to China and produced this video.

Video: China's big push for renewable energy

In the grasslands of Inner Mongolia, China is turning to wind and sun for more of its power. Marquette graduate student Ye Zhu accompanied Bernton on his trip to China and produced this video.

Johnston Hall


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