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Guidelines for Interlibrary Loans Historical Note Notable Missions



The roots of the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions began in 1873 with the appointment of a Catholic Commissioner for Indian Missions. The purpose of that office, which was organized the following year as the Office of the Catholic Commissioner for Indian Missions and later renamed the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions, was to protect, promote, and administer the interests of the Catholic Church with respect to missions and evangelization among the Native Americans in the United States. In so doing, it advocated for and raised funds for Catholic missions and related Native American social and cultural issues in general.

Notable People: Officers and personnel of the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions plus allied fund raising raising organizations.

Notable Events: Notable events regarding the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions and Catholic evangelization of Native Americans in the present-day United States.

Notable Missions: Notable Native American Catholic missions, parishes and schools in the present-day United States.

Pictorial History: "The Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions: 140 Years of Action", presented at the 75th annual Tekakwitha Conference in Fargo, North Dakota, July 24, 2014.


Notable Missions, Parishes and Schools

These missions, parishes, and schools received assistance from the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions and funding from the Commission for the Catholic Missions Among the Colored People and the Indians. The entry numbers indicate related entries in the Guides to Catholic-Related Records for the United States about Native Americans which identify additional sources of archival documentation and significant historical events and people relating to the records. Also see the Master Index to the guides. Catholic and Native groups are described according to Library of Congress subject headings. Some defunct institutions lack a primary entry number.


State Place Institution Primary Entry Number Ethnic Groups
Alaska St. Marys/ Akulurak St. Mary's Mission, School, & Church of the Nativity W-48 Eskimo
St. Michael St. Michael's Mission W-49 Eskimo
Arizona Laveen/ Komatke, Gila River Reservation St. John's School W-92 Maricopa & Pima
St. Michaels, Navajo Reservation St. Michael's Mission & School W-94, W-95 Navajo
San Carlos, San Carlos Reservation San Carlos Mission W-96 Apache & Yuma
Tucson/ San Xavier, Tohono O'odham/ Papago Reservation San Xavier Mission W-113 Tohono O'odham
California Riverside St. Boniface School W-127 Cahuilla, Serrano & Cupeño
Idaho Culdusac/ Slickpoo, Nez Perce Reservation St. Joseph's Mission W-283 Nez Perce
DeSmet, Coeur d'Alene Reservation Sacred Heart Mission W-282 Coeur d'Alene
Michigan Assinins/ Baraga, Kewenaw Bay Reservation Most Holy Name of Jesus-Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha Church/ Mission, School & Orphan Home M-32 Ojibwa
Harbor Springs/ New Arbre Croche Holy Childhood of Jesus Church/ Mission & School/ St. Peter's Church M-46 Ojibwa & Ottawa
Minnesota Red Lake, Red Lake Reservation St. Mary's Church/Mission/ St. Ignatius Church M-91 Ojibwa
White Earth, White Earth Reservation St. Benedict's Mission & School M-102 Ojibwa
Montana Ashland St. Labre's Mission & School W-290, W-291 Cheyenne & Crow
Browning, Blackfeet Reservation Holy Family Mission & School - Siksika
Hays/ St. Pauls, Fort Belknap Reservation St. Paul's Mission & School W-311 Assiniboine & Atsina
St. Ignatius, Flathead Reservation St. Ignatius Mission & School W-326 Salish
St. Xavier, Crow Reservation St. Xavier's Mission & School W-301 Crow
Nebraska Winnebago, Winnebago Reservation St. Augustine's Mission & School M-123 Winnebago
New Mexico Bernalillo San Antonio Mission & Sisters of Loretto School W-348 Tiwa & others
Jemez Pueblo San Diego Mission & San Diego Riverside School W-362, W-363 Jemez
Laguna St. Joseph Church/Mission W-364 Laguna
Ohkay Owingeh/ San Juan St. John the Baptist Church & School W-371 Tewa
Santa Fe St. Catherine's School - Various
Zuni Our Lady of Guadalupe Mission & St. Anthony Church and School W-397 Zuni
North Dakota Belcourt, Turtle Mountain Reservation St. Ann's Church/ Mission & School M-125 Cree & Ojibwa
Fort Totten, Spirit Lake/ Devil's Lake Reservation Seven Dolors Church/ Mission/ Our Lady of Sorrows Chapel & School & Little Flower School M-130 Sisseton & Wahpeton
Fort Yates, Standing Rock Reservation St. Peter's Mission/ & Fort Yates Government School M-131 Hunkpapa
Mandaree/ Elbowoods, Fort Berthold Reservation St. Anthony's Church/ Sacred Heart Mission and School M-133 Arikara, Hidatsa & Mandan
Oklahoma Anadarko, Kiowa & Comanche Reservation St. Patrick's Church/ Mission &School M-145a Kiowa, Comanche & others
Antlers, Choctaw Reservation St. Agnes Church/ Mission & Academy/ St. Mary's School M-146 Choctaw
Chickasha, Chickasaw Reservation Holy Name Church/ Mission & St. Joseph's School M-151 Chickasaw & Choctaw
Gray Horse, Osage Reservation St. John's Mission & School M-156 Kaw, Osage & Pawnee
Konawa/ Sacred Heart, Potawatomi Reservation Sacred Heart Church/ Mission, Sacred Heart Academy, St. Benedict's School & St. Mary's Academy M-161 Potawatomi & others
Pawhuska, Osage Reservation Immaculate Conception Church & St. Louis School M-176 Kiowa, Osage & others
Purcell, formerly Choctaw Reservation Our Lady of Victory/ St. Elizabeth's Church & School/ St. Scholastica's \ School M-180 Choctaw, Chickasaw & others
Quapaw, Quapaw Reservation St. Mary's Mission & School M-165 Quapaw & others
Oregon Pendleton, Umatilla Reservation St. Andrew Mission & St. Ann/ Kate Drexel School W-418 Cayuse, Umatilla & Wallawalla
South Dakota Kenel, Standing Rock Reservation St. Benedict's Mission, Farm School, & St. Bernard's School M-131 Hunkpapa
Pine Ridge, Pine Ridge Reservation Holy Rosary Mission & Red Cloud Indian School M-222 Oglala
St. Francis, Rosebud Reservation St. Francis Mission & School M-228a Brulé
Stephan, Crow Creek Reservation Immaculate Conception Mission & School M-233b Santee, Sisseton & Wahpeton
Washington Omak, Colville Reservation St. Francis Regis Mission and St. Mary's Mission & School W-501 Colville Confederated
Wisconsin Bayfield & LaPointe Holy Family Mission/ Christ Church & School & St. Joseph's Mission M-242 Ojibwa
Keshena, Menominee Reservation St. Michael Church/ Mission & St. Joseph's School M-254 Menominee
Odanah, Bad River Reservation St. Mary's Mission and School/ Our Lady of Seven Dolors Mission - Ojibwa
Wyoming St. Stephens, Wind River Reservation St. Stephen's Mission & School W-532 Arapaho & Shoshoni
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