|Guidelines for Interlibrary Loans||CNAMB Historical Note/ Scope and Content|
Records of the three agencies of the Black and Indian Mission Office -- the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions, the Black and Indian Mission Collection (Commission for Catholic Missions among Colored People and Indians) and The Catholic Negro-American Mission Board (Catholic Board for Mission Work among Colored People), which support Catholic evangelization in the United States and dependent territories for African Americans and Native Americans.
Gift of the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions, 1977-[ongoing]. Processed by Philip C. Bantin, 1977-1986, and Mark G. Thiel, CA (Certified Archivist), 1986-[ongoing]. Selected series microfilmed, 1980-[ongoing]. De Rancé, Incorporated (Milwaukee), provided generous support for the initial acquisition and processing of records, 1976-1980. See e-Archives for select materials available online.
Restrictions: Restricted records are described below in the Scope and Content Notes. Access to these records requires permission in writing from the Black and Indian Mission Office, 2021 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20006-4207. Phone: (202) 331-8542. Newsletter: The Sentinel. Website: Black and Indian Mission Office. In addition, the researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming with the laws of libel, privacy, and copyright which may be involved in the use of these records. Consult an archivist for further information.
Notable events: Notable events among Catholic African Americans.
|1565||Black Catholics from Spain and the Caribbean were involved in the settlement of Saint Augustine, Florida.|
|1738||Free Black Catholics settled Santa Teresa de Mose, Florida.|
|1781||Many Black and Indian Catholics from Mexico were involved in the settlement of Los Angeles, California.|
|1785||Father John Carroll, the Prefect Apostolic of the United States, wrote to the Vatican about his pastoral concerns for Black Catholics, many of who then resided in Maryland.|
|1875-1900||Bishop James Augustine Healy (1830-1900) served as Bishop of Portland in Maine and became the first African-American Catholic bishop in the United States.|
|1793||Black Catholics from Haiti settled Fells Point, Maryland, near Baltimore.|
|1829||Mother Elizabeth Lange (1784-1882), O.S.P., and others began religious life in Baltimore as the Oblate Sisters of Providence, which became the first Black community of women religious in the United States.|
|1837||Henriette DeLile, a mixed-race African American, founded the Sisters of the Holy Family in New Orleans. Initially, it was known as the Sisters of the Presentation.|
|1871||The St. Joseph Society of the Sacred Heart (Josephite Fathers and Brothers) became established in Baltimore.|
|1874||Patrick Healy, a mixed-race African American, served as president of Georgetown University, and became the first African American president of a Catholic university.|
|1875||James A. Healy, a mixed-race African American, served as Bishop of Portland (Oregon), and became the first African American Catholic bishop.|
|1878||Mathilda Beasley (1832-1903) founded the Third Order of St. Francis as a community of women religious for African Americans.|
|1886||Rev. Augustus "Father Gus" Tolton (1854-1897) of Quincy, Illinois, became the first publically identified African American Catholic priest.|
|1887||The Commission for the Catholic Missions among the Colored People and the Indians (now known as the Black and Indian Mission Collection) held its first annual Lenten appeal to support African American and Native American evangelization in the United States.|
|1889||Daniel Rudd founded the National Black Catholic Congress, a lay organization, which met for the first time first in Washington, D.C. Subsequent lay congresses were held almost annually during the 1890s. An 1893 congress in Chicago cited practices of racism and segregation in the United States with such practices in some U.S. Catholic churches as well.|
|1891||Saint Katharine Drexel founded the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament for Indians and Colored People, which focused on evangelizing African Americans and Native Americans in the United States.|
|1904, January||Archbishop Diomede Falconio, O.F.M., the apostolic delegate of Pope Pius X, received a letter from Cardinal Girolamo Maria Gotti, O.D.C., the cardinal prefect of the Congregation of the Propaganda, commanding the Church in the United States to cease unchristian practices of racism and discrimination found in some U.S. Catholic institutions. At this time, the Catholic Church still regarded the United States as a mission territory, which gave Propaganda special jurisdiction over the U.S. Church.|
|1905||At their annual meeting, Cardinal Gotti's letter prompted the U.S. archbishops to discuss the annual Lenten collection . They concluded that it did not provide adequate funding for Black evangelization and that a special organization should be established to provide additional support.|
|1907||The Catholic Negro-American Mission Board (CNAMB) was established in New York City as the "Catholic Board for Mission Work Among the Colored People" to provide a second funding stream for mission work in the black community.|
|1909||The Knights of Peter Claver was founded as a predominantly Catholic African American fraternal organization.|
|1916||Rev. Ignatius Lissner, S.M.A., founded the Franciscan Handmaids of Mary in Savannah, Georgia, as a community of African American women religious to teach African American children. In 1924, it relocated to New York City.|
|1922?-||CNAMB raised funds through its publications, Our Colored Missions, 1922?-1974?, and Educating in Faith, 1974-.|
|1925||The Federated Colored Catholics was founded as a national lay religious organization of Catholic African Americans to promote mutual cooperation and Catholic education.|
|1970||CNAMB renamed itself The Catholic Negro-American Mission Board.|
|1980||The Catholic Negro-American Mission Board affiliated with the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions and the Lenten Collection (Commission for Catholic Missions among Colored People and Indians). Now known collectively as the Black and Indian Mission Office, the three agencies continued their respective missions with one shared office, staff, and board of directors.|
|1980||To enable joint board meetings while remaining a separate corporation, the Catholic Negro American Mission Board standardized the membership of its board of directors to conform to that of the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions and the Commission for Catholic Missions among the Colored People and the Indians, which are the archbishops (ordinaries) of Baltimore, New York, and Philadelphia.|
|1980||The CNAMB began to award select need-based grants directly to Catholic African American missions, schools, parishes, and ministry programs.|
|1980||The Marquette University Archives became the archival repository for the CNAMB.|
|1988||The Catholic Church beatified Mother Katharine Drexel, S.B.S.|
|2000||The Catholic Church declared Mother Katharine Drexel, S.B.S., a saint in heaven.|
|2008||The Black and Indian Mission Office launched a website for the BCIM, the Lenten Collection, and the CNAMB.|
|2008-[ongoing]||The BCIM and CNAMB jointly sponsored the Monsignor Paul A. Lenz Art Contest for students in Catholic schools and/or Catholic religious education programs funded by these agencies.|
|2009-2010||The Black and Indian Mission Office established the National Advisory Council on Catholic Missions among Black and Native American Peoples, a board comprised of lay Catholics.|
|2011||The Archdiocese of Chicago initiated a canonization cause for Rev. Augustus "Father Gus" Tolton (1854-1897).|
Notable People: Officers and personnel of the Catholic Negro-American Mission Board.
|1907-1925||Reverend John E. Burke (1852-1925); obituary: Our Colored Harvest, 13(1925):4:1-2.|
|1925-1962||Reverend Edward C. Kramer (1882-1962); obituaries: "A Farewell to Fr. Kramer 'Bill Bailey' has gone 'Home'", Our Colored Missions, 48(1962):3:1-3 (not paginated); "Quartermaster for Christ", Society of Saint Joseph of the Sacred Heart, 80(1968):2:14-17.|
|1962-1980||Reverend Benjamin M. Horton, S.S.J. (1918-1988)|
|1980-2007||Monsignor Paul A. Lenz (1925-)|
|2007-present||Reverend Wayne Carroll Paysse (1960-)|
Presidents of the Board of Directors
|1922-1925||Archbishop John W. Shaw (1863-1934), Archbishop of New Orleans|
|1925-1938||Cardinal Patrick J. Hayes (1867-1938), Archbishop of New York|
|1938-1968||Cardinal Francis J. Spellman (1889-1967), Archbishop of New York|
|1968-1980||Cardinal Terrence J. Cooke (1921-1983), Archbishop of New York|
|1980-2000||Cardinal John J. O'Conner (1920-2000), Archbishop of New York|
|2000-2003||Cardinal Anthony J. Bevilacqua (1923-), Archbishop of Philadelphia, Retired|
|2003-2007||Cardinal William H. Keeler (1931-), Archbishop of Baltimore, Retired|
|2007-2009||Cardinal Edward M. Egan (1932-), Archbishop of New York, Retired|
|2009-2011||Archbishop Edward O'Brien (1939-), Archbishop of Baltimore|
|2011-present||Archbishop Timothy M. Dolan (1950-), Archbishop of New York|
Notable Evangelization: Selected African American missions, parishes, schools, and ministry programs supported by the Black and Indian Mission Collection and the Catholic Negro-American Mission Board.
|Alabama||Birmingham||Holy Family Church||1938-|
|Our Lady of Fatima Church||1905-|
|Chastang||St. Peter the Apostle Church||1860-|
|Mobile||Most Pure Heart of Mary Church||1899-|
|Montgomery||St. John the Baptist Church||1908-|
|Phenix City||Mother Mary Church||1940-|
|Prichard||St. James Major Church||1925-|
|Tuskegee Institute||St. Joseph Church||1940-|
|Arkansaw||Little Rock||St. Bartholomew Church||1907-|
|Pine Bluff||St. Peter Church||1894-|
|California||Los Angeles||African American Catholic Center for Evangelization|
|St. Odilia Church||1926- (no longer African American)|
|Delaware||Wilmington||St. Joseph Church||1889-|
|District of Columbia||Washington||Epiphany Church||1923-|
|Holy Redeemer Church||1919-|
|St. Vincent de Paul Church||1903-|
|Florida||Jacksonville||St. Pius V Church||1919-|
|Miami||St. Francis Xavier Church||1927- (merged)|
|Pensacola||St. Joseph Church||1891-|
|Georgia||Atlanta||Our Lady of Lourdes Church||1912-|
|Savannah||St. Benedict the Moor Church||1874-|
|Illinois||Chicago||Holy Angels Church||1880-|
|St. Elizabeth Church||1881-|
|Indiana||Indianapolis||St. Rita Church||1919-|
|Kansas||Leavenworth||Holy Epiphany Church||1874-1953 (closed)|
|Kentucky||Louisville||St. Augustine Church||1870-|
|Louisiana||Baton Rouge||St. Francis Xavier School||1918-|
|Breaux Bridge||St. Francis of Assisi Church||1923-|
|Lafayette||Immaculate Heart of Mary Church||1934-|
|Lake Charles||Sacred Heart of Jesus Church||1919-|
|Marksville||Holy Ghost School||1919-|
|New Orleans||All Saints Church||1919-|
|Blessed Sacrament Church||1915-|
|Corpus Christi Church||1916-|
|St. Augustine Church||1841-|
|St. Peter Claver Church||1920-|
|Xavier University of Louisiana||1915-|
|Opelousas||Holy Ghost Church||1920-|
|St. Martinsville||Notre Dame de Perpetual Secours Church||1938-|
|Maryland||Baltimore||St. Francis Xavier Church||1864-|
|St. Peter Claver Church||1888-|
|Michigan||Detroit||St. Peter Claver Church||1920s-|
|Minnesota||St. Paul||St. Peter Claver Church||1892-|
|Mississippi||Bay St. Louis||Society of the Divine Word, St. Augustine Seminary||1923-|
|Camden||Sacred Heart Church||1844-|
|Canton||Holy Child Jesus Church||1947-|
|Clarksdale||St. Elizabeth Church||1891-|
|Greenwood||St. Francis of Assisi Church||1951-|
|Jackson||Holy Ghost Church||1908-|
|Mound Bayou||St. Gabriel Church||1949-|
|Natchez||Holy Family Church||1891-|
|Pascagoula||St. Peter the Apostle Church||1907-|
|Missouri||St. Louis||At. Alphonsus Liguori "Rock" Church||1872- (African American, 1940s-)|
|St. Charles Lwanga Center||1978-|
|St. Elizabeth of Hungary Church||1873-1951 (closed)|
|Nebraska||Omaha||St. Benedict Church||1919-|
|New Jersey||Patterson||Our Lady of Victories Church||1882-|
|New York||Brooklyn||St. Peter Claver Church||1921-|
|New York||St. Benedict the Moor Church||1883-|
|St. Mark the Evangelist Church||1907-|
|North Carolina||Greenville||St. Gabriel Church||1936-|
|Ohio||Cincinnati||Holy Trinity Church||1926-|
|St. Ann Church||1866-1938 (merged)|
|St. Ann - St. Edward Church||1938-1965 (closed)|
|St. Edward Church||1864-1938 (merged)|
|Cleveland||Our Lady of the Blessed Sacrament||1922-1961 (closed)|
|St. Adalbert Church||unknown-2009 (closed), 2012- (African American, 1960s-)|
|Ohio||Columbus||St. Cyprian Church||1912-1957 (merged)|
|St. Dominic Church||unknown- (African America, 1950s-)|
|Oklahoma||Tulsa||St. Monica Church||1926-|
|Pennsylvania||Bensalem||Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament, Center for Evangelization||1970s-|
|Philadelphia||St. Peter Claver Church||1889-1985 (closed)|
|South Carolina||Charleston||Sacred Heart Church||1920-|
|Georgetown||St. Mary Church||1899-|
|Orangeburg||Holy Trinity Church||1917-|
|Texas||Beaumont||Our Mother of Mercy Church||1937-|
|Corpus Christi||Holy Ghost Church||1914-|
|Dallas||St. Peter Church||1905-|
|Galveston||Holy Rosary Church||1888-2008 (merged)|
|Houston||Our Mother of Mercy School||1930-|
|St. Nicholas Church||1887-|
|Wisconsin||Milwaukee||St. Benedict the Moor Church||1908-|
The Catholic Negro-American Mission Board, Series 1-3 Correspondence Charters, and By Laws:
Only scant correspondence exists for the first three administrations of Fathers John E. Burke, Edward C. Kramer, and Benjamin M. Horton, S.S.J. Note that any correspondence from transition years (1925, 1962, 1980, and 2007), is filed under the previous administration. These records have not been microfilmed.
1907-1925 -- Reverend John E. Burke: Includes the charter received during the administration of Father Burke, the first director, 1907-1925.
1926-1962 -- Reverend Edward C. Kramer: Includes the amendments, resolutions, and related correspondence from the administrations of Father Kramer, the second director, 1925-1962.
1963-1980 -- Reverend Benjamin M. Horton, S.S.J.: Includes the amendments, resolutions, and related correspondence from the administration of Father Horton, the third director, 1962-1980. Also included is a needs survey and funding initiative of Black Catholic schools begun by Monsignor Lenz, 1979-1980. The correspondence is divided into general and grant correspondence, which is arranged chronologically in annual increments. General correspondence includes bequests, inquiries, unfunded requests, and perpetual memberships in the Catholic Negro-American Mission Board, whereas grant correspondence includes funded requests with related correspondence and enclosed documentation.
1981-2007 -- Monsignor Paul A. Lenz: General correspondence of the administration of Monsignor Lenz, the fourth director, 1981-2007. The correspondence is divided into general and grant correspondence, which are arranged chronologically in annual increments. General correspondence includes bequests, inquiries, unfunded requests, and perpetual memberships in the Catholic Negro-American Mission Board, whereas grant correspondence includes funded requests with related correspondence and enclosed documentation.
Minutes of the combined annual and special meetings of the Boards of Directors of the BCIM (Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions), Collection (Commission for the Catholic Missions among the Colored People and the Indians) and CNAMB (Catholic Negro American Mission Board) are arranged in annual increments, which are interfiled among the annual increments of the general correspondence in the series 1-2.
2008-present -- Reverend Wayne Carroll Paysse: Father Paysse is the fifth director, 2008-present. The bulk of these records are active and remain at the Black and Indian Mission Office.
Series 1-3 Restrictions: Records created before 1985 are restricted for 25 years after their date of creation. For more information, please consult the archives staff.
Black and Indian Mission Collection (Commission for the Catholic Missions among the Colored People and the Indians) and the Catholic Negro-American Mission Board (The Catholic Board for Mission Work among the Colored People), Joint Series 9, Photography: Contains two format-based sub-series pertaining to African American Catholics -- Black and white prints and color prints. Both series are contained in folders arranged alphabetically by U.S. states and the District of Columbia, followed by foreign countries and there under by communities and Catholic institutions. Many of the prints were sent on request by pastors and school principals. Some prints were submitted to illustrate publications (series 7) or accountability reports (series 5-5). With few exceptions, the Collection created or collected all photography before 1980, whereas CNAMB created or collected all photography thereafter. Portraits of Collection and/or CNAMB office personnel, e.g. Reverend Tennelly, Monsignor Lenz, Reverend Paysse, plus office visitors, are filed in BCIM series 9-1 (black & white prints) and 9-3 (color prints) under "District of Columbia, Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions". Similarly, those of Saint Katharine Drexel are filed in BCIM series 9-1 (black & white prints) and 9-3 (color prints) under "Pennsylvania, Bensalem, Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament". Select images are included online in the collection, African American Catholics, which is linked here: Marquette e-archives, A-Z.
Other series within the records of the Commission for the Catholic Missions among the Colored People and the Indians and other Marquette University collections also contain documentation relating to this series.
For each folder, the dates noted are limited to the first and last known years when images were created with intervening years, if any, not included. These are followed by “undated” to indicate images for which the year of their creation is not known. However, if approximate dates are known, they are given in parentheses as follows:
· “undated (Received Commission for Catholic Missions among the Colored People and the Indians)” = No creation years known; the years given identify when the Commission received the images, which typically was less than five years after they were taken.
· “undated (Used Our Negro and Indian Missions)” or “undated (Used Other Title)” = No creation years known; the years given identify when Our Negro and Indian Missions or Other Title first published the images, which typically was less than 10 years after they were taken.
· "undated (ca. year-year)" = No creation years known; the years given identify the approximate years derived from clues within the images and related text.
The institutions listed are mostly local churches and schools and were the sources for the Commission’s photography. Most photographs within these folders document local events of the institutions and nearby communities. However, many nearby communities also have separate institutions and corresponding folders as do those distant places that have been identified. Events located far from the institutions that sent the photographs, including those taken out-of-state and outside of the United States, are arranged by the place where the photographs were taken rather than by the institution that provided the prints.
Restrictions: Researchers assumes full responsibility for conforming with the laws of libel, privacy, and copyright which may be involved in the use of these records. Consult an archivist for further information.
Series 9-2, Black and White Prints: Pastors with consumer-grade portable cameras captured most images, which include scenes such as school graduations, retreat weekends, first communions, confirmations, and dedications of new buildings. Professional photographers also captured a few black and white images before 1930.
Series 9-4, Color Prints: Pastors and diocesan program directors with consumer-grade portable cameras captured most images, which include scenes such as school graduations, retreat weekends, first communions, confirmations, and dedications of new buildings. Several images pertain to activities of the Archdiocese of St. Louis.
The Catholic Negro-American Mission Board, Series 18, Publications: This series includes the periodicals, Our Colored Mission and Educating in Faith, and general publications, e.g. appeal letters, calendars, list of needy Black schools, survey, grant forms, produced by CNAMB. The New York Public Library produced the microfilm of both periodicals.
Marqcat, the online catalog of the Marquette University Libraries, provides bibliographic records for the publication titles in this series, which are so noted with a call number in the descriptive inventory.
Catholic Social Action: Checklist of Marquette Catholic Social Action collections, which includes more special collections about African American Catholics.
Black and Indian Mission Office > The Catholic Negro-American Mission Board
U.S. Catholic Conference of Catholic Bishops > Cultural Diversity in the Church