GUIDE TO CATHOLIC RECORDS ABOUT NATIVE AMERICANS IN THE UNITED STATES Volume 1: Eastern United States: Maryland MD-2

Archdiocese of Baltimore

 

St. Mary’s Seminary and University. Associated Archives
Knott Library
5400 Roland Avenue 
Baltimore, MD 21210

Phone: 410-864-4074

http://www.stmarys.edu/archives/

 

Hours: See website

Access: See website

Copying facilities: Yes

 

Holdings of Catholic records about Native Americans:

Inclusive dates: 1794-present

Volume: Less than 1%

Description: Established in 2002, the Associated Archives contains two related collections:

 

/1 Archdiocese of Baltimore Archives

 

History: Baltimore was erected for the United States in 1784 as the Prefecture Apostolate of the United States of America. It was succeeded by the Diocese of Baltimore in 1789; elevated to the Archdiocese of Baltimore in 1808; renamed the Archdiocese of Baltimore-Washington in 1939; and renamed the Archdiocese of Baltimore in 1947. Its name and status changes resulted in the erection of the following arch/dioceses and territorial losses, most:

1808 The dioceses of Bardstown [Louisville] (Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Tennessee, and Wisconsin), Boston (Massachusetts, Connecticut, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont), New York (New York and New Jersey, in part), and Philadelphia (Pennsylvania, Delaware, and New Jersey, in part)
1820 The dioceses of Charleston (South Carolina, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, and North Carolina), Richmond (Virginia), and Wilmington (Delaware)
1947 Archdiocese of Washington (District of Columbia and Maryland, in part)

 

Inclusive dates:

Volume: 1784-present

Description: Less than 1%

A. Archbishops’ papers: Microfilmed through Archbishop Bayley, with copies also at University of Notre Dame Archives; open through Archbishop Keough and closed thereafter; Archbishop Bayley founded the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions (BCIM) in 1874 with successors serving on its board of directors and that of the Commission for Catholic Missions among Colored People and Indians [Black and Indian Mission Collection]

John Carroll, 1784-1815

Leonard Neale, 1815-1817

Ambrose Maréchal, P.S.S., 1817-1828

James Whitfield, 1828-1834; by decree, bishops at the Second Baltimore Provincial Council, 1833, recommended the entrusting to the Jesuits the Catholic missions among Native Americans in the West

Samuel Eccleston, P.S.S., 1834-1851

Francis Patrick Kenrick, 1851-1863

Martin John Spalding, 1864-1872

James Roosevelt Bayley, 1872-1877

James Gibbons, 1877-1921; bishops at the Third Plenary Baltimore Council signed the postulation that introduced the canonization causes of martyrs Father Isaac Jogues, S.J., and René Goupil, S.J., and Kateri Tekakwitha (Mohawk-Algonquin)

Michael Joseph Curley, 1921-1947

Francis Patrick Keough, 1947-1961

Lawrence Joseph Shehan, 1961-1974

William Donald Borders, 1874-1989

William Henry Keeler, 1989-2007

Edwin Frederick O’Brien, 2007-2011

William Edwin Lori, 2012-

B. Archdiocesan Newspapers, 1850-present

 

/2 Associated Sulpicians of the United States Archives

 

History: Founded in France in 1641, the Sulpicians made their first U.S. foundation in 1791 and founded their United States Province in 1903. Notable Sulpicians and associated others:

Baden, Reverend Stephen T., Baden (1768-1853), first priest ordained in the United States; under Bishop Edward Fenwick of Cincinnati, Ohio, he served as a missionary to the Potawatomi in Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa, 1830-1837

Bruté de Rémur, S.S., Bishop Simon-Gabriel; first Bishop of Vincennes (Indianapolis), Indiana, 1834-1839

Dyer (1854-1925), S.S., Reverend Edward R.; secretary-treasurer of the Commission for Catholic Missions among Colored People and Indians [Black and Indian Mission Collection], 1884-1925 [Marquette University Special Collections & Archives hold copies of these Commission (Collection) records.]

Tennelly (1890-1981), S.S., Reverend John B.; secretary-treasurer of the Commission for Catholic Missions among Colored People and Indians [Black and Indian Mission Collection], 1925-1976; Marquette University holds the original records of the Commission [Collection]

 

Inclusive dates: 1793-1976

Volume: Possibly More than 2 cubic feet

Description: Papers of Sulpicians, e.g. Bishop Simon-Gabriel Bruté de Rémur, S.S., Reverend Edward R. Dyer, S.S., Reverend John B. Tennelly, S.S., and associated non-Sulpicians, e.g. Reverend Stephen T. Baden.

 

Unless noted otherwise, the repository named above holds (or held) the records described and not the Marquette University Archives. However, Marquette’s holdings, e.g. Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records, include related records about these Native and Catholic groups and places.

New2006/rev2017

Archival materials from the Raynor Memorial Libraries


Marquette Archives