GUIDE TO CATHOLIC RECORDS ABOUT NATIVE AMERICANS IN THE U.S.
Volume 2: Midwest United States
Society of the Sacred Heart. United States Province Archives
4537 West Pine Boulevard
St. Louis MO 63108
Hours: See website
Access: No restrictions
Copying facilities: Yes
History: Founded in France, 1800, the Society of the Sacred Heart made its first U.S. foundation, 1818. Saint Rose Philippine Duchesne (1769-1852), R.S.C.J., and the sisters of the Society of the Sacred Heart established and taught at the following Catholic schools serving Native American students:
|1825-1831||Female Indian School (e.g. Kickapoo, Potawatomi), Florissant, Missouri|
|1841-1848||Sugar Creek Mission School for Indian Girls (Potawatomi), Kansas|
|1848-1879||St. Mary Mission School (Potawatomi), St. Marys, Kansas|
|1980-present||Sister Carol Putnam, R.S.C.J. (and Rev. Frank O’Loughlin) established Hope Rural School (Maya), Indiantown, Florida|
Holdings of Catholic records about Native Americans:
Inclusive dates: 1841-1879, 1920s-1960s, undated
Volume: .4 cubic foot
Description: 3 series contain pertinent records:
/1 "The Society in General"
Inclusive dates: 1841-1879
Volume: .1 cubic foot
Description: Contains Catalogs of the Sacred Heart, which list personnel at the schools staffed by the congregation.
/2 "The Five Provinces - St. Louis"
Inclusive dates: 1841-1879, 1926, undated
Volume: .2 cubic foot
A. Annual letters, 1841-1879, 60 pages: yearly accounts, which include chronicles and occasionally copies of correspondence, personnel lists, and short biographies of deceased religious
B. "Journal of Saint Mother Philippine Duchesne, 1818-1840," undated, 94 pages: abridged, handwritten copy, created by an unidentified individual; in French, with English translations
C. "Journal" of the Sacred Heart Convent, 1841-1879, 71 pages: handwritten in French by various sisters; contains information on the Sugar Creek and St. Mary Mission schools; entries for 1840s and 1870s more detailed and complete than for 1850s and 1860s
D. "Journal of the Foundation of the Mission at Sugar Creek," by Mother Lucile Mathevon, R.S.C.J., undated, 16 handwritten pages
E. Description of the journey to Sugar Creek Mission in 1841 by Mother Lucile Mathevon, R.S.C.J., undated, 4 handwritten pages in French: part of the document is missing
F. "Account of the Foundation among the Potawatomies," undated, 19 handwritten pages in English: author unidentified
G. "Account of St. Marys, Kansas," by Mother Elizabeth Schroeder, R.S.C.J., undated, 17 handwritten pages in English: account begins in 1856 and ends in 1879
H. "Council Book," 1871-1879, 27 pages: minutes of meetings of the council or governing body at St. Marys, Kansas
I. "Register of the Religious of St. Marys, Kansas," begun in 1877, 10 pages: includes biographical information on mission personnel
J. "Lucile Mathevon," by Celeste Thompson, 1926, 1 volume: M.A. thesis, University of Chicago
/3 “Special Collection, Sister Louise Callan”
Inclusive dates: 1920s-1960s
Volume: .1 cubic foot
Description: Consists primarily correspondence (copies) and research notes collected or created by Sister Louise Callan, R.S.C.J., for the history of The Society of the Sacred Heart in North America, published in 1937, for Philippine Duchesne, Frontier Missionary of the Sacred Heart, published in 1957, and for the biography of Mother Lucile Mathevon, R.S.C.J., which was not completed. A notable document included is a letter from Mother Ellen Craney, R.S.C.J., who lived at St. Marys, Kansas, as a youth, describing her memories of the mission and school.
Unless noted otherwise, the repository named above holds (or held) the records described and not the Marquette University Archives. However, Marquette’s holdings, e.g. Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records, include related records about these Native and Catholic groups and places.