Research Question of the Week

What is an h-index and how do you find it?

The h-index is a number intended to reflect the impact and relevance of an author's research based on the number of papers by an author and the number of times they have been cited. An h-index of 10 for example indicates that 10 articles have been cited 10 or more times. This metric is useful because it discounts the disproportionate weight of highly cited papers or papers that have not yet been cited. Follow these step-by-step directions to determine your h-index by conducting an author search in Web of Science (WOS). Note that the calculation is based only on items in WOS - books and articles cited in journals not covered by WOS are not included. It is also limited by the depth of Marquette's subscription which begins with 1975. Papers published prior to that time will not be included in the calculation.

I need a break from my academic reading. Are there any “fun” books in the library?

The libraries have a special section, the Browsing Collection, devoted entirely to pleasure reading.  These books have been selected by librarians for your reading pleasure and span a wide variety of genres.  The books themselves are located on Raynor’s second level. For a list of what books are currently in Browsing start at the libraries homepage and click on the Collections link in the light blue navigation ribbon. If you are curious about the latest arrivals, click on the link “books added to browsing in the last month.” books

How can I find what streaming videos are in the library collection?

The Raynor Memorial Libraries is slowly adding to its video streaming collection. To view all available streaming video content, from the library homepage under the MARQCAT tab, type streaming into the search field, then select Form/Genre from the Search by drop down box below the search field. Then click Search.


I need to know how to do ChIP-sequencing. Are there any databases that show you how to do lab procedures?

Yes! Check out the Journal of Visualized Experiments (JoVE) Biology section. You can search “ChIP-seq” and find multiple videos along with accompanying research papers discussing the protocol as well as their research findings.


Help…home on Winter Break and have a book that is due tomorrow.

Don’t worry about upcoming overdue notices.  As long as you have an internet connection and your book is not yet overdue you will be able to renew online.  Once you log-in to your library account there will be a link to the materials you have checked out.  Just click on the ones you need to renew.  See full instructions here  (click on the "renewals" tab to see how to renew items online).

Remember there are important exceptions….books in the Browsing, Ciszek, Children’s and Manresa collections can’t be renewed.  Ditto for Reserve materials and materials that have holds placed on them.

Not near a computer but near a telephone?  Call 414-288-7555 and the Circulation staff will be able to help you.


I’m looking for cheap textbooks, used books, books in Spanish, out of print books? Are there alternatives to Amazon? books

Books, Books, Books!  See our research guide: Books, Publishers, and Copyright. It has information about all types of books and where to find them.


I need a Bible for class. Do you have one I can check out?

Yes, we have many. To see what is available for checkout, look in our catalog Marqcat. Just change the drop down menu to “Subject” and then type in “bible reserves.” You will then see the list of bibles that are on reserve in the lower level of Raynor Library.

If there is a particular version of the bible that you want, for example the New Revised Standard, you can do a “Title” search in Marqcat. Just type in “bible English new revised standard” and you will see those on reserve as well as those in the general collection.


I need primary sources on Native Americans during the Revolutionary War, with a possible focus on the Seneca tribe of north-west New York.

You should search on—Seneca and Indians—in the three databases noted below.  The database have newspapers, magazines, and pamphlets from the 18th and early 19th centuries; in other words they are all primary sources.  Find the databases by clicking on “Articles and Databases” in the yellow box on our library homepage.  You will get hundreds of hits.

17th and 18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers
America’s Historical Newspapers
Early American Imprint Series 1


How can I find books with information on nursing theories?

There are several ways to search Marqcat, our online catalog, in order to find information on theoretical nursing models. If you are looking for a specific theory, you can search for books by the author; be sure to enter the last name first, (e.g., Pender, Nola). You can also perform a keyword search with the name of the theory, (e.g., Pender Health Promotion Model.)

Another approach is to search using one of two subject headings. Nursing Models retrieves a number of books that discuss one or more theories. Another to try is Nursing – Philosophy. Because this is a broader subject heading, it works best in an advanced keyword search. Enter Nursing – Philosophy in the Subject Heading field on the first line (use the pull-down menu to select this field) and theor* or model* in Any Field on the next line, then combine the two lines with And. For more information on finding information on nursing theories, watch the brief video below:


What is a DOI?

DOI is short for digital object identifier. A DOI is a unique alpha-numeric string for a specific online article. According to Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL), the purpose of DOIs is to create a durable links to online articles.

Many databases include DOIs. APA and Chicago Author-Date and other bibliographic styles require DOIs.

If you have a DOI you can Google it. You may also “resolve a DOI name” at

Try this one: DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2015.1014830 to get the reference for the article "The Use of Spatial Manipulation to Examine Goalkeepers’ Anticipation."


I need to find a monologue to use for an audition in class.  Do you have any?

They are easy to find in our Library catalog, Marqcat. Just change the drop down menu to Subject and type in “monologues” and more than 200 hits await you. Browse the results that range from monologues for men, women, classical, modern and many more!


Does Raynor Memorial Libraries have any audio software that will help me with the correct pronunciation of Biblical Hebrew and Biblical Greek?

Yes, Raynor Memorial Libraries subscribe to the Mango web-based language learning program which provides audio pronunciation of Biblical Hebrew and Biblical Greek. In addition, if you have a microphone on your Pc or Mac, you can compare your pronunciation to that of the program.
To access Mango, go to the Biblical Studies Research Guide and click on the Language Resources tab and select the Mango option.
You will first need to create an account for yourself in Mango (it’s free.) Then select Hebrew, Biblical or Greek (Koine.) In the Biblical Hebrew component, there are 120 lessons containing specific scripture from Genesis, Psalms and the Song of Solomon. In Greek (Koine), there are 131 lessons containing scripture from the Gospels of Matthew and John and the book of Revelation. More information about the audio comparison feature..


How do I find out if a local library owns a book that is not owned at MU?

On our library web site, click on the FIND tab just above the gold rectangle in the upper left of the page. Then, click on the first link on the left "Catalogs of other libraries". You will then see a list of links to local library catalogs.


I need to give a class presentation about Qumran, the archeological site nearby the caves where the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered. How can I find books and journal articles as well as photos in color about the site?

Photo of Qumran archaeological site

Under the list of Theology databases, choose the Biblical Archaeology Society Online (BAS) database. Search “Qumran” by keyword and you will pull up a number of full-text articles about the site. Many of these articles will contain colorful images which you can download as jpgs. You are allowed to include these images in your paper or presentation
as long as they are used for non-commercial educational or personal use.

In addition, you can also search for journal articles in theology databases such as the ATLA Religion Database with ATLA Serials and Religious and Theological Abstracts, or the multidisciplinary JSTOR database. Below is a sample keyword search in the ATLA database:graphic showing ATLA search screen in EBSCO

Note that the above search will search for either spelling “archeology” or “archaeology.” Also, the asterisks included in the search serve as truncation symbols. In the case of archeolog*, this will tell the system to retrieve any references which include the word archeology or archeological.

To search for books that Marquette Libraries own, search the Marqcat catalog by doing the following keyword search:

graphic showing advanced keyword search screen in MARQCAT


From the list of titles, you can sort your results by reverse year so that you can see the most recent items first.


How can I find the text the of the 1911 North Pacific Fur Seal Convention? The links in Wikipedia are broken ...seal

First, look it up in one of the finding aids compiled for treaty research -- for example, the Catalogue of Treaties, 1814-1918. From there, you’ll see that it was published in the American Journal of International Law shortly after its signing. Here’s the full cite: American Journal of International Law 5(4) Suppl: 267. It’s available online in JSTOR. And here’s more about finding treaties.


Can I get today’s Wall Street Journal online?

Short answer: yes. Start from the Marqcat record, and choose the link to the Eastern edition.

Longer answer: yes, but! You cannot search within the edition for the same day, you can only browse through the articles. Just open the date menus till you find the link for today. Here's why: Although ProQuest (the vendor from whom we buy the online WSJ) loads the articles as soon as they receive the feed, the indexing that will allow searching does not get added till the following day.
If you need pdf’s of the paper, those are loaded even later (about 2-3 months later), and for that you will have to use the link to the Digital Microfilm instead


Does the library have an online resource to help me study for my anatomy class?

Yes! The Raynor Memorial Libraries provide access to Anatomy.TV, an online resource that features lots of images, study guides, interactive 3D human anatomy models, MRI scans, movies, and animations. Modules include Regional Anatomy, Systemic Anatomy, Basic Neuroanatomy, Dentistry, Sports & Therapy, and Speech/Language Pathology. Content may be exported for use in presentations or patient handouts. You will need to have Flash, and to set your browser to allow pop-ups in order to use the resource. Access is limited to 15 users at a time.


How can I find the annual circulation of daily newspapers in Western Europe? I would like the data by individual countries and I would like to be able to compare the current numbers with past years.

graphic representing a newspaper

The Passport GMID database provides data and statistics on 200+ countries including industrial, socio-economic and demographic information. The Consumer Trends and Lifestyles tab will have an option for Press Trends which includes an option to search for Annual Circulation for Daily Newspapers.
Select the countries in which you are interested. You will then get a table listing the annual circulation numbers of dailies for each of the countries. Circulation numbers go back a range of years. You can resort the data as well as download the data into an Excel spreadsheet.


How can I find video footage of major television news programs covering the end of the Vietnam War back in 1975?

The Library subscribes to the Vanderbilt Television News Archive database which contains actual news video footage for NBC starting with August 5, 1968. The videos play on screen with the free Real Player software. View a sample NBC news video in the database. For some topics you may also wish to search YouTube in the case some of the major news networks have posted older videos such as this one from ABC.
The Vanderbilt database also indexes coverage of news programs for ABC and CBS. Although the actual video footage is not available online, you can view the program highlights and then and then request the actual footage (DVD) at no charge via the Library’s InterLibrary Loan service. The Vanderbilt database also contains on-screen video footage from CNN starting with 1995. The Vanderbilt database can be searched by keyword(s) or dates.


How do I add links to articles in D2L or wikis so that other people can access them later?

Many databases provide permanent links to articles that can be copied and pasted into D2L or other resources. For step-by-step directions, please see the Article Links that Last for D2L, Wikis, etc. research guide.


I am trying to watch a French language DVD that I checked out from the Library. I tried playing it in my DVD player but it does not work. How can I watch it? Can I play it on my PC?

graphic representing a dvd

Most likely, the DVD is a Region 2 or PAL. Information on DVD coding. Most U.S. DVD players can only play Region 1 DVDs. In order to watch non-Region 1 or Pal DVDs, you must have a multi-regional DVD player. The Raynor Memorial Libraries has a multi-regional DVD player on the Lower Level of Raynor Library which can be used to watch library DVDs which are non-Region 1 or PAL.
As for playing the Region 2 or PAL DVD in your PC, yes, it is possible to do so. However, a note of caution: On both the PC and the Mac, you are ONLY able to switch between different Region DVDs a total of five times. On the fifth time whichever region is selected will become permanent on your PC or Mac and you will not be able to change it. Click on the following URLs for more information: Macs, Windows.


I have to read an article for class but I don’t know the exact title. My friend told me I could find it in your catalog, Marqcat. It’s from Past and Present (2011) and the title of the article is about the plague and Bohemia. How can I find it?

When searching in Marqcat, choose the Journal Title option and enter Past and Present. Once in the record, click on the link that says “CONNECT to online 1996-.“ This will include 2011 issues. Once in the journal, you will see a “Search this journal” box. Enter “plague” and you will find an article entitled “A Plague on Bohemia?” from 2011. It is available in both full-text (HTML) or PDF.


Do the Libraries have books to help me study for the general GRE? But more importantly, is there any way that I can take a sample test and have it scored?

Yes, the Libraries do have books which can help you study for the GRE. To locate them, do a keyword search in Marqcat for “Graduate Record Examination or GRE.” Some of the books are in print and others such as The GRE Prep Course are in PDF online.

How can I find out which Milwaukee major network television stations have the most hits on their websites?

I also need to find the total number of unique visitors to their pages. Also, the data needs to be very recent.graphic representing a tvSRDS TV & Cable Source database (part of the SRDS Media Solutions database) can help you find this data. Click on TV and Cable, then, click on Digital Media. You can select Milwaukee from the list of metro areas. For each major TV network in Milwaukee, there is link providing monthly data on the past’s year number website hits as well as basic demographic info on website visitors. There is also a link to view unique visitors as well as number of pages viewed.


I need the text of President’s speech about Wall Street in July 2002.

Check Marqcat (library catalog) for the American Presidency Project. This site includes the public papers of the presidents such as speeches, executive orders, party platforms and an audio/video archive. It is online full-text at


I need to find the leading causes of death in the U.S. during the years of 1900 – 1917. I also need to have each year’s data ranked by prevalence. Is it possible to find this data and if so, how?

Check the Historical Statistics of the United States database. This source has U.S. statistics spanning colonial times to 1970. To find your data, type in your keywords combining them with the word “and” – death and cause. You can limit the search to just your dates. This will bring up the table “Death Rate by Cause, 1900-1998.” You can download into Excel just the portion that you need in order to sort the data.


How can I find basic information about the Sikh religion such as their beliefs and religious practices? Does the library have any books on Sikhism?

One way to find an overview of the Sikh religion is to search in the Blackwell Reference Online –-Religion database found in the list of Theology databases. Search on Sikhism – a number of encyclopedia articles including one from A New Handbook of Living Religions will give you the basics on the Sikh religion.graphic of MARQCATplus search screen

Also, the Library does have a number of books about Sikhism. To find these, go to the library homepage, type Sikhism in the MARQCATplus box, and click Search.


Where can I find (U.S.) treaties?

Treaties in Force is an excellent resource for finding United States treaties. Published annually since 1950 by the Department of State, it includes only treaties currently in force. The Library of Congress also provides treaty information. On this same site, you can search the full text of the treaty documents of the Government Printing Office.


How can I find out which graphic novels the Libraries own?

There are several ways to do this – you can search our Marquetteplus catalog by searching Graphic Novels, then, refine the results by subject. You can also get a list of our graphic novels by searching by Genre/Form in the classic Marqcat catalog.


I need to find color PDF examples of ads from the last few years that were run in the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel advertising the Milwaukee Bucks games. Is there a way to do this?

graphic of Milwaukee Bucks as advertised in the Milwaukee Journal

Yes, there is a way! Raynor Memorial Libraries now have access to a new database, Wisconsin Newspapers Digital Research Site which contains fully searchable, cover to cover PDF issues of 235 Wisconsin daily and weekly newspapers going back to 2005 (with a 30 day delay for recent issues.) This database includes the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Once in the database, select the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel from the list of titles. Then, you can search on possible keywords such as “Milwaukee Bucks and Ticketmaster”. Below is one of the resulting newspaper pages containing a Milwaukee Bucks ad. Note that the original color is retained in the PDF. Accessible on or off campus, pages from this database can be downloaded or printed. Access is via the Wisconsin Badgerlink program.


How do I find brief biographical info on modern world leaders? I don't want an entire book.

Biography in Context is a good start to find brief biographical information. There is a category called contemporary world leaders for browsing names, or if you have a specific name you can search by name. Results may include material from reference books, magazines and journals, news sources and audio sources.


Does the library have Harvard Business School case studies?

Short answer: no.

Longer answer: a subscription to all of the HBS case studies would be very expensive. But you can buy them individually quite cheaply (~$7./each). Here’s more information about buying the HBS case studies, and about finding other case studies.


I am creating a DVD as a project for one of my classes and I would like to add some background music to it. I found some songs on I-tunes that I bought and downloaded. Can I use these in my DVD?

graphic of musical notes

Unfortunately, no. The songs you purchased legally were for home or personal use. If the music directly relates to the subject of your DVD you could perhaps be able to use 10 % of it in your DVD. To use the entire recording, you would need to get permission from the artists which can often times be difficult and/or expensive. One way to find music that you can legally use in your DVD is to look at the Soundzabound database. This database has a wide variety of music clips which are copyright-compliant and royalty-free for educational purposes. View a wide range of music and sound clips that you can download as mp3 audio files. Music and sound clips can be used without worrying about copyright infringement for student/instructor projects and other school productions including creation of videos, films, DVDs, digital storytelling and other types of multimedia projects.


I am looking for transcripts of television/radio news programs dealing with cyber bullying of teenagers which result in the victims committing suicide.

Lexis-Nexis Academic has a section containing transcripts of news programs from a number of television and cable stations: ABC, CBS, NBC, MSNBC, CNN, FOX, etc. Full-text verbatim transcripts of news shows such as 60 Minutes, 20/20, Good Morning America, Nightly News and the Today show can be retrieved. You can search by keywords as well as limit by date, network station, or show name. Transcripts from NPR news shows are also included in the database. Sample show transcript dealing with the above topic. Coverage of transcripts vary for each network or show but many go back to the 1990’s.
Another database, America’s News, also contain news transcripts. Information on transcript coverage.


How would I find out about the healthcare systems in foreign countries?

For profiles for many countries, try these two sources:
1. Passport GMID. In the Consumer Lifestyles reports, for most countries there is a section on the healthcare system of the country. (Passport GMID is a 'portal' database and has a variety of types of content.)
2. World Health Organization (WHO). This page from the WHO leads to information about different countries. From the individual country pages, look for ‘country briefs’ and ‘country profiles’.


I want to keep up-to-date. Does the library have a “new book” shelf?

graphic of bookshelf The libraries make it easy to keep up-to-date. We offer a virtual rather than a physical new titles “shelf” that lists the latest books, e-books, dvds/videos, periodicals and sound recordings. Each month the Marquette Libraries compile lists of new acquisitions organized by broad subject, collection and by format. The lists are created on the 15th of each month (or the following Monday if that date falls on a weekend) and replace the lists of the previous month. Here’s the link: If you are starting from the libraries’ homepage you can access New Titles by selecting the FIND tab, then clicking on New Books, Journals, and Media.


I’m going to be spending a semester in Madrid. Do we have any resources for learning Spanish?

Answer: Try Mango. It is an easy-to-learn, self-paced audio-visual language learning system with \ a conversational focus. Each lesson combines real life situations and audio from native speakers, integrating vocabulary, pronunciation, grammar, and culture. The courses, which require approximately two to five hours to complete, are available in 22 foreign languages and 15 English as a Second Language (ESL) courses.


Can I use my iPhone, Android, or other mobile device to find patient care information?

Yes, a number of our health sciences databases as well as some freely available resources have an optimized search interface for use with mobile devices. PubMed, UpToDate, Dynamed, and CINAHL are just a few examples.


I’m looking for a scholarly source with basic information about a disease (incidence, symptoms, treatment, etc.). Instead I am finding case reports and idiosyncrasies of the disease. Where can I look to find basic info from a source acceptable for a research paper? (Not Wikipedia or WebMD.)

graphic showing microscopic view of a virus

Here are two databases to try: UpToDate and MDConsult. UpToDate has evidence-based content on over 8300 topics, graded treatment recommendations and more; MDConsult has articles from medical textbooks and review articles. Both of these should have the basic information you need. Also, look at the Health Sciences Research Guide for medical encyclopedias and handbooks: there you’ll find shorter entries.


How can I find primary sources on the Masons in American history before the Civil War?

The Masons were a prominent political issue in the United States before 1860. Many people feared them as a secret conspiracy with immense influence over American government, and there was even a third party dedicated to opposing them—the Anti-Masonic Party.
To find relevant primary sources (those published at the time) search in Marqcat, the Library catalog. Change the default search to Subject by clicking on the blue drop-down arrow. Search on Freemasons, the official Library of Congress heading for the Masons. (You can also find a relevant item with a Keyword search on masons.)
Click on the Limit/Sort button along the top of the screen and then limit the publication date to 1800 to 1860. Click on Submit. You will get at least 70 online full-text items published at the time, mainly pamphlets and published speeches. These items are distinguished by hot links saying, “Connect to online content.”


I need to write a 12 – 15 page paper on 2 Timothy 2:14 – 26. Where can I find resources?

photo of a Bible

There are several ways to find academic sources on biblical scripture. The ATLA Religion Database with ATLASerials allows searching by Scripture reference. When in the database, click on Scriptures link on the blue menu bar. Find the title of the Bible book you are researching, and click on the Expand link to the right of the title. A listing of its chapters will appear. Click on the Expand button for the chapter which you are researching. On the next screen you will see a listing of verses. Click on your individual verses to see references to journal articles, book essays, and books which discuss each verse.
There are other theology databases which offer scripture citation reference searching such as Religious & Theological Abstracts, New Testament Abstracts, and Old Testament Abstracts.

You can also search our catalog Marqcat for commentaries and criticism for individual books of the Bible. Choose the Subject search in Marqcat and type in Bible N T (if the book is from the New Testament or O T if the book is from the Old Testament.) and then, Name of Bible Book, then the letter C. In the case of the above search type in: Bible N T Timothy 2nd C. This will bring up several references to books dealing with Timothy 2nd.


Where can I get tax forms or information?

Most tax forms are available online. Consult the Library research guide Tax Form and Information to find not only state and federal forms but also places for tax preparation assistance.


I need to do a topic presentation in class but don't want it to be a boring Powerpoint. Are there are resources available in the library I could use?

graphic showing the canonFS 300 video camera

How about creating a short video on your topic? The Raynor Library offers a Digital Media Studio located near the Information Desk (R144A), two workstations (PC and Mac), digital audio and video recorders, as well as training and assistance in the production of digital projects and presentations.


How do I find information about the corporate culture at a particular company?

This is harder than it seems at first glance: corporate culture is a ‘squishy’ sort of topic, rather than easily quantifiable. Here are some other keyword phrases to use: organizational culture, management style, leadership style …

Recommendation: choose a public company! You’ll find more material is available.
Look at the SEC documents, especially the ARS which contains the letter to shareholders from the CEO/president. These reports may be available on the website of your company; if not, try the database Thomson One Banker.
Also look for GRI reports (if not available on the company website, try; site requires registration. For more about the GRI, see
See if your company is profiled in the Socrates database. If yes, you will know about specific issues/problems related to your company: you can search about these specific problems in the article databases (e.g. labor relations problems; safety; etc.)
Look for articles in trade journal article databases (e.g. ABI-Inform Trade & Industry, Business & Company Resource Center, Business Source Premier). Especially look for articles containing conference call transcripts.
Look for investment analyst reports in the following databases: Investext (part of Thomson One), Wall Street Transcript.


Is there a Spanish-English electrical engineering dictionary available, and how would I find it?

graphic showing an open dictionary

Do a keyword search in MARQCATplus using your search terms: Spanish English electrical engineering dictionary. This retrieves 2 different books in our catalog: English-Spanish, Spanish-English Electrical and Computer Engineering Dictionary, as well as The Wiley Dictionary of Civil Engineering and Construction: English-Spanish, Spanish-English. Both are located in the Reference collection on the 1st floor of Raynor Library.


I need a definition of 'road traffic accident' that can be used in a scholarly paper -- so not something from Wikipedia, Google, etc.

The reference database Oxford Reference Online retrieves several possibilities, some of which use slightly different key words though. Here are some of them:

Road traffic accidents from A Dictionary of Law
Road traffic accident/collision from The Oxford Dictionary of Law Enforcement
Motor vehicle accident and traffic crash from A Dictionary of Public Health


The book I want to read is checked out. HELP

There is hope in this situation! All circulating items are subject to RECALL by another user; the first user is guaranteed 10 days usage.

Here’s how to RECALL an item. Once you have found your item in the library catalog, you can recall it by selecting the REQUEST IT BUTTON (located either on the top of the page or within the body of the record).

You will be asked to enter your Marqnet/E-mail credentials and to then either SUBMIT or LOGIN. Next click the SUBMIT or REQUEST button. You will be notified when the material is ready for pickup at the Raynor Circulation Desk. If you need the book immediately, contact a librarian (in-person, email, IM, text, phone)


I just graduated. Do I have any library privileges? Maybe a library card?

Congratulations. As an alum, you can check out books. Contact our Circulation Desk for more information. (414) 288-7555.


What doctoral dissertations have Marquette Civil Engineering grad students written?

There is no perfect way to limit to civil engineering. To get a fairly comprehensive list of MU Engineering dissertations, there are three sources.
Dissertations Marquette University provides access to the citations and abstracts of dissertations and theses Marquette graduate students available at UMI Dissertation Publishing. This is the "easy button" for a 24 page dissertation previews or the full-text dissertation in pdf. Coverage begins from 1997 on.
Another other good option is a subject search in the library catalog. Use “engineering dissertations” as the subject. Some records have links to the online version. Others have call numbers for the print or microfilm version. You can also try e-Publications@Marquette for many Marquette dissertations and masters theses.


How do I find the text of the law authorizing the internment of Japanese-Americans during WWII?

graphic of Franklin D. Roosevelt

For background information on the internment, first check Oxford Reference Online. It was Franklin D. Roosevelt’s 1942 Executive Order 9066 that authorized internment. Since it is related to the President (not to Congress), next check the American Presidency Project. This site contains documents related to the study of the American Presidency, including public papers, annual messages to Congress, inaugural addresses, radio addresses, acceptance speeches, presidential candidates’ debates, party platforms, elections data, an audio/video archive, and executive orders.


How Do I find a book written in French, Spanish, Italian, German, Portuguese, Latin, Ancient Greek, or Russian?

Try the following. Start at the Libraries’ homepage and click on the ADVANCED SEARCH button. In the blank “ANY FIELD” search boxes, enter one or two keywords that describe the subject of the book you would like to find (words in your desired language can help.) In the LANGUAGE search box click on the arrow and select your language and then SUBMIT.

To refine your search you might try other advanced search field labels such as AUTHOR, TITLE, SUBJECT (use English words). If you are still not finding what you want, Contact a librarian in-person or by phone, email, IM, Text.


What does it mean if book’s STATUS is listed as “IN PROCESS”?

Books that are “In Process” are recently ordered materials that have arrived in the library, but haven’t been placed in the stacks because they haven’t been stamped, labeled, and fully recorded in the library catalog. THERE IS GOOD NEWS!! “In process” books can quickly be made ready for checkout. By completing an “in process” request form and requesting RUSH (if you need it quickly) your book should be available within 24 hours (except weekends or holidays). When ready, your item will be placed on hold for you at the Raynor Circulation Desk. You’ll need your MUID to check it out.


Is there a database I can use to find images for my PowerPoint presentation?

graphic of a moon from the Art Museum Image Gallery database

The Art Museum Image Gallery is a digital resource of over 155,000 art images and related multimedia from distinguished museums around the world. The images are rights-cleared for educational use. It covers fine and decorative art: painting sculpture, drawings, prints, photographs, textiles, costumes, jewelry, ceramics, furniture, glass, books and manuscripts, archaeological finds and more. Art from Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas spanning time from 3000 B.C. to the present is included.


Do you have a Marquette Undergraduate bulletin from my freshman year?

You can check with our University Archives which houses MU catalogs from the 1880s to 2011.


I’m in a history class on Europe after 1945, and I want to write my paper on terrorism, particularly the IRA in Ireland, the Baader-Meinhof gang in Germany, and the Basques in Spain. How can I find articles and books on these subjects?

Start by entering the names for the groups into MARQCATplus on our homepage. Pay special attention to the “Refine by Tag” window in the upper right of the page with your hits. Each of these groups has another name that might refine your search results. The Basque terrorists are known, for example, by the abbreviation of their name in Spanish—ETA. You can limit your results to books or articles using the various limits provided in the columns to the left and right of your screen. If there are too many articles to deal with at first, begin searching in Historical Abstracts, the standard indexing service for historical articles on areas outside the U.S. and Canada. Find it under the History group on our Database page.


I’m looking for an article from the journal Governing, but Marquette doesn’t own it. How can I get it?

To get articles from journals that we do not own, you can use Interlibrary Loan (ILL). ILL is a free service in which Marquette University obtains material not held on campus for Marquette faculty, staff, and students through local, state, and national interlibrary loan networks. You can find the link to request a resource from ILL on the Library homepage under “Services.”


How do I find children’s books about Valentine’s Day?

graphic of a valentine

To find children’s books on Valentine’s Day, begin with the Library catalog and enter the keywords Valentine’s Day in the MARQCATplus search box. Once your results appear, notice that on the left hand side of the page, there is a box called “Location.” Within that you will see CHILDREN’S MEM LEVEL 3. When you click on that, it will limit your total results to the Children’s Collection which is located on the third floor of Memorial Library overlooking the Opus North Bridge. It spans a range of subjects and reading levels. The Collection supports the curricular and research needs of the School of Education, including the entire Library of Congress A-Z call number range, with early readers to young adult books.


I need information on the issues surrounding affirmative action, both positive and negative.

The Library subscribes to two databases that look at current issues from all sides. They are CQ Researcher and Issues and Controversies. To get to either database, you can enter the name into the Library catalog or, at the top of the Library homepage, click on the tab “Databases” and then look for them in the Library’s A to Z Database List. Once in either database, you can enter keywords in the search boxes provided. Articles related to your subject will appear with the most relevant listed first.


I'm writing a paper about censorship in oppressive Hispanic governments. I need Spanish sources, and I'm really struggling.

You will have better luck if you know of SPECIFIC countries which are experiencing or have experienced government censorship issues. To determine which countries, it will be useful to consult several of the specialized Latin American encyclopedias in Raynor Reference such as: Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture and Encyclopedia of Contemporary Latin American and Caribbean Cultures. Both of these sources have very good articles under Censorship which identify which specific Latin American countries currently have or had issues with government censorship.

The Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Caribbean Cultures article on Censorship identifies Venezuela as a country which is currently experiencing some government censorship in relation to television and radio programming. To find Spanish language journal articles on this topic, click on the Libraries’ Spanish databases page and begin your search in Fuente Academica, a full-text Spanish language database. Type in the search Venezuela and Television -- the results will include full-text articles. Other countries have had censorship issues with the press -- search on country name and prensa (Spanish for press) or censura (Spanish for censorship) – for example: Cuba and prensa; or Cuba and censura.

Here are other Spanish language databases in which you can try the same search strategies:

  • Dialnet
  • Google Academico(the Spanish version of Google Scholar)
  • the Hispanic American Periodicals Index
  • ClasePeriodico
  • Lexis-Nexis Academic for Spanish language newspaper articles.


Where can I get the latest information on H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu)?

logo for the Center for Disease Control

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) web site provides daily updates on the number and location of confirmed U.S. cases, tips on how to stay healthy, travel health warnings, and guidance for health care professionals. Additional information is available at The World Health Organization is a good source for international information.


Is there a way to determine how many times an article/author is referenced or cited by other articles?

Web of Science is a major database for cited reference searching. Click the Cited Reference Search tab on the main search page and enter the names of the primary author and publication using the formats provided in the examples. You may limit the search to a year or range of years, but we don’t recommend it, since this is a common place for error to occur, given the way data is entered into this database. Click search, review the Cited Reference Index which may include reference variants and works cited incorrectly, click the appropriate boxes to select references, and then click Finish Search.

For additional, in-depth information on cited searching, please consult our research guide Cited Reference Searching.


I want to compare and contrast the U.S. & Allied Occupation of Japan to the U.S. Occupation of Iraq in the 2003 Iraq War. How do I find sources on that?

graphic showing world map with Iraq highlighted

Go to MARQCAT and change the search window to “Keywords.” Search on the following: Japan and Iraq and occupation. You will get 7 hits, a few of which may be useful. Look at the full bibliographic record for each one. Also search in two periodical indexes—PAIS and Political Science Abstracts. Find them at the top of the list of political science databases. Click on PAIS and then go to the Advanced Screen. Turn the first two rows of search windows to “Descriptor” using the drop down arrows to the right of the screens. “Descriptor” is their term for subject. Enter Japan in the first, and Iraq in the second. In PAIS you will get 17 hits, some of which will be useful. Look at the full record for each, as you did for the MARQCAT search. Follow these same instructions for Political Science Abstracts, since they have the same interface. You will get 23 hits in PSA.


How can I tell if a journal is peer reviewed?

Look it up in the database Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory. Click on “Databases” along the top of our homepage, then on “ A to Z Database List,” and then on 'U'. Set the Ulrich’s search to “Title (Exact)” and enter your journal's title. On the left of the results page for your journal will be numerous rows of information, one of which will be “Refereed: Yes,” if it is peer reviewed. (By the way, 'refereed' and 'peer reviewed' are synonyms.) If the journal is not peer reviewed, the row for “Refereed” will not appear.


I need information about a restaurant chain in China called Little Sheep. It's based in Mongolia ...

graphic of a sheep

There are two good ways to start on this question:  looking for news articles about the company, and looking for market research reports on the restaurant industry in China. For news articles, try Lexis-Nexis Academic (LNA) to start -- it has good coverage of newspapers, wires and trade magazines, and includes a lot of non-US publications.

Market research reports are available in several databases:  the reports in Passport Markets turn out to be the most useful for this question (FYI, you must use Internet Explorer with this database). There are several ways to get to the industry reports, so ask for help if you have difficulties with this. In any case, there is an industry report called Consumer Foodservice - China. It will also lead you to reports on individual companies in the industry. By skimming through those company reports, you'll find the transliterated or romanized Chinese name for the Little Sheep company, Inner Mongolia Xiao Fei Yang. With that, you can go back to Lexis-Nexis Academic and search again on this name.


Was Baudelaire a philosopher?

photo of Baudelaire

The short answer is ‘no’. There’s a nice little biography about him in the database Gale Biography in Context, where they categorize him clearly as a poet and writer (an art critic). In the database Gale Virtual Reference, he also turns up in articles from the encyclopedia the New Dictionary of the History of Ideas: he was an early figure in the French Symbolist art movement. He was also very concerned with aesthetics, a topic which has considerable importance in both philosophy and religion. (Image from Wikipedia.)


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