Foundations in Wisconsin Online Edition graphic

Search Tips

Boolean Searching Keyword Searching Shift/Control


Boolean Searching:

AND
This boolean operator narrows your search results.  Using AND between two terms will ensure that both of those terms are present in the profile. Example: A search for "Family Services AND Racine" will only bring up those foundations in Racine that have contributed to family services.

screen capture of boolean and


OR

This boolean operator broadens your search results.  Using OR between two terms requires that either of the terms be present.; Example: A search for "Boys and Male Youth OR Children and Youth Services" will bring up foundations that have given to both Boy & Male Youth as well as Children and Youth.

screen capture of boolean or


NESTING
Combines boolean search terms.  If you have selected a term and would like to AND or OR it with another term in the same category, just click on the "Browse" button next to the search term. Then choose AND or OR and highlight your term.  This will put the new term on the same line as the previous term. This search phrase can then be combined with another search. Example: A search for ("Family Services or Human Services") and "Racine" will bring any foundation that gave to family service or human services in Racine County.

screen capture of boolean nesting


ORDER

A search will be executed in the order in which it is formulated. For example, a search for "Human Services and Milwaukee or Waukesha" will retrieve foundation profiles that contain both "Human Services" and "Milwaukee". It will also retrieve all profiles that contain "Waukesha".

In order to make this search find foundations that give to "Human Services" in Milwaukee or Waukesha, you would search for "Human Services" first and then combine that with the a search for Milwaukee or Waukesha.

screen capture of boolean order


Keyword Searching:

TRUNCATION


The program searches for a word stem and retrieves all terms that contain it. The symbol for designing a truncated word is *. You can truncate to the left, middle, or right of the word.

Example: You enter "librar*"
The program will retrieve: library, libraries, librarian, librarians, librarianship, etc.


STOPWORDS


The following stopwords are not indexed and therefore cannot be searched in this program: also, and, are, but, during, et-al, form, have, more, not, the, their, these, they, this, used, was, were, when, which, who, and with.

In addition, all words with less than three characters are not indexed.


Shift/Control:

Within a category, you are able to choose more than one option to search by holding the control key down and highlighting the options. This will automatically "or" or broaden your search. You also can select within a range by holding the shift key down and highlighting the first and last option within the range.

screen capture depicting use of shift and control to highlight items


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