Use the links below to reach brief explanations and recommended resources (paper and electronic) for citation formats in a wide variety of disciplines. You can find lists of additional guides and manuals for academic writing and citations at the Raynor Memorial Libraries Web site and at the Purdue University Online Writing Center. For help keeping track of sources and gathering the information you need for your citations and reference lists, try the library’s Refworks system. Advice about putting together an annotated bibliography is available from the University of Minnesota Crookston library.
In-Text Parenthetical Citations (author or author-date)
Footnotes and Endnotes
Citation-Sequence References for Scientific Writing
For advice on writing about numbers, consult the newly revised chapter of the Chicago Manual of Style Online on preparing mathematical copy, available online, or the The Chicago Guide to Writing About Numbers by Jane E. Miller (2004). For advice about creating figures and posters, consult Displaying Your Findings by Nicol and Pexman (2003).