Debra Oswald, Ph.D.
(414) 288-3720

More information

Dr. Oswald completed her doctoral work in Social Psychology and a postdoctoral fellowship in Quantitative Psychology. Dr. Oswald teaches statistics and the psychology of prejudice. She conducts research in the areas of interpersonal relationships and social stigma.


Ph.D., Saint Louis University, 2001

Teaching Interests

Dr. Oswald teaches undergraduate and graduate statistics, and the psychology of prejudice.

Research Interests

Dr. Oswald applies social psychology theories to understand a number of social issues. Her primary research interests focus on two areas: social stigmatization and interpersonal relationships. In the area of social stigmatization, Dr. Oswald’s research examines how people form stereotypes and express prejudice toward stigmatized groups. She also conducts research examining the impact of stereotypes on stigmatized individuals. Her research on interpersonal relationships examines behaviors that people engage in to maintain their relationships. She also studies how gender role stereotypes are related to interpersonal coercion in dating relationships. Dr. Oswald frequently works with graduate students who are interested in applying social psychology theories to a variety of social issues. Undergraduate students also frequently work as research assistants in Dr. Oswald’s lab. If you are interested in working as a research assistant please send Dr. Oswald an e-mail. Dr Oswald will be reviewing graduate applicants for the 2018 cohort of doctoral students.

Selected Publications


 * indicates graduate student co-author, + indicates undergraduate student co-author

Invited Book Chapters

Oswald, D. L. (2016). Maintaining long lasting friendships. M. Hojjat and A. Moyer (Eds.). The Psychology of Friendships. Oxford Press.

Oswald, D. L.  Maintaining long lasting friendships.  Book chapter invited for M. Hojjat and A. Moyer (Eds.).  The Psychology of Friendships. Oxford Press. 

Oswald, D., & *Holmgreen, L. (2013). Female sexual aggression on college campuses: Prevalence, correlates, and perceptions.  In B. Russell (Ed.). Perceptions of Female Offenders: How Stereotypes and Social Norms Affect Criminal Justice Responses.  New York, Springer.  DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-5871-5_5

Oswald, D. (2012). Gender Stereotypes and Traditionally Masculine and Feminine Occupations. In M. Paludi (Ed.) Managing Diversity in Today’s Workplace, volume 1. pp. 25-46. Praeger publishers.

Journal articles

*LeMaire, K., & Oswald, D. How Gender Affects Heterosexual Allies' Intentions of Confronting Sexual Prejudice. Accepted for publication in Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity

Russell, B.L., Krauss, S., Oswald, D. L., & *Chapleau, K. Perceptions of Blame in Intimate Partner Violence: The Role of the Perpetrator's Ability to Arouse Fear of Injury in the Victim. Accepted for publication. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

*LeMaire, K., Oswald, D. L., & Russell, B. L. (2016). Acknowledging rape: Attitudinal and ideological associates. Violence and Victims, 31, 332-346.

Russell, B. L. & Oswald, D. L. (2016). When sexism cuts both ways: Predictors of tolerance of sexual harassment of men. Men and Masculinities, 19, 524-544

Bull, M., *Sjorstadt, J., Boaz, L., & Oswald, D. (2015). Psychometric Properties of the Family Caregiver Delirium Knowledge Questionnaire. Research in Gerontological Nursing, 8 (4), 198-207.

+Peters, N. E., *Holmgreen, L. & Oswald, D. L. (2015).  It’s just a joke: Reactions to and justifications for sex stereotypes in advertisements.  Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research, 20(3), 160-168.

*Ohlendorf, J., Weiss, M., & Oswald, D. L. (2015). Predictors of Engagement in Postpartum Weight Self-Management Behaviors in the First 12 weeks after Birth. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 72 (8), 1833-1846.

Monahan, C., Goldman, T., & Oswald, D. (2014). Establishing a physical impairment of weight under the ADA/ADAA: Problems of bias in the legal system. Journal of Labor & Employment Law, 29 (3), 537-562.

*Chapleau, K., & Oswald, D. (2014). A system justification view of sexual violence: Legitimizing gender inequality and reduced moral outrage are connected to greater rape myth acceptance.  Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 15, 204-218.

 - Recipient of Honorable Mention for 2014 RICHARD P. KLUFT AWARD

*Chapleau, K., & Oswald, D. (2013). Status, threat, and stereotypes: Understanding the function of rape myths.  Social Justice Research, 26, 18-41.

Oswald, D. L., Franzoi, S., & *Frost, K. (2012). Experiencing sexism and young women's body esteem. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 31 (10), 1112-1137.

Russell, B. L., Oswald, D. L., & Kraus, S. (2011). Evaluations of sexual assault: Perceptions of guilt and legal elements for male and female aggressors using various coercive strategies.  Violence and Victims, 26 (6), 799-815.

Mattingly, B. A., Oswald, D. L., & Clark, E. M. (2011). An examination of relational-interdependent self-construal, communal strength, and pro-relationship behaviors in friendships. Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 1243-1248.

*Baker, L., & Oswald, D. L. (2010). Shyness and online social networking. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 27, 873-889.

Oswald, D. L. *Chapleau, K. M. (2010). Selective self-stereotyping and women’s self-esteem.  Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 918-922.

*Chapleau, K., & Oswald D. L. (2010). Power-sex association: Two paths to sexual aggression.  Journal of Sex Research, 47, 66-78.

McMullen, J. & Oswald, D. L. (2010). Why do we need a lawyer? An empirical study of divorce cases. University of Utah Journal of Law and Family Studies,12(1), 57-86.

Oswald, D. L. (2008). Gender stereotypes and women’s reports of liking and ability for traditionally masculine and feminine occupations. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 32, 196-203.

*Chapleau, K. M., Oswald, D. L., & Russell, B. L. (2008). Male rape myths:  The role of gender, violence, and sexism.  Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 23, 600-615.

reprinted in Hutchinson, B. (2010-2011). Annual Editions Gender 10/11.  McGraw-Hill.

reprinted in Hutchinson, B. (2012-2013). Annual Editions Gender 12/13. McGraw-Hill.

 +Noe, K., +Stoffel, C., & Oswald, D. (2007). Aggressive behavior in conflict tactics and sexual experiences in relationships.  Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research, 12, 193-199.

Oswald, D. L. (2007). “Don’t ask, don’t tell:” The influence of stigma concealing and perceived threat on reactions to a gay target.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 37, 928-947.

*Chapleau, K. M., Oswald, D. L., & Russell, B. L. (2007). How ambivalent sexism toward men and women support rape myth acceptance.  Sex Roles, 57, 131-136.

Oswald, D. L. & *Lindstedt, K. (2006). The content and function of gender self-stereotypes: An exploratory investigation. Sex Roles, 54, 447-458.

Oswald, D. L., & Clark, E. M. (2006).  How do friendship maintenance behaviors and problem-solving styles function at the individual and dyadic level?  Personal Relationships, 13, 333-348.

Oswald, D. L. & Russell, B. L. (2006).  Perceptions of sexual coercion in heterosexual dating relationships: The role of initiator gender and tactics. Journal of Sex Research, 43, 87-95.

Oswald, D. L. (2005). Understanding anti-Arab reactions post-9/11: The role of threats, social categories, and personal ideologies.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 35(9), 1775-1799.

Oswald, D. L., Clark, E. M., & Kelly, C. L.  (2004). Friendship maintenance behaviors: An analysis of individual and dyad behaviors.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 23(3), 413-441.

Oswald, D. L., & Harvey, R. D.  (2003). Q-method study of women’s experiences and attitudes with math.  Sex Roles, 49, 133-142.

Oswald, D. L., & Clark, E. M. (2003).   Best friends forever?: High school best friendships and the transition to college.  Personal Relationships, 10, 187-196. 

Russell, B. & Oswald, D. (2002).  Sexual coercion and victimization of college men: The role love styles.  Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 17, 273-285.

Russell, B. & Oswald, D. (2001).  Strategies and dispositional correlates of sexual coercion perpetrated by women: An exploratory investigation.  Sex Roles, 45, 103-115.

Oswald, D. L., & Harvey, R. D. (2000).  Stereotypes, hostile environments, and math performance among undergraduate women.  Current Psychology, 19, 338-356.

Harvey, R., & Oswald, D.  (2000). Collective shame and guilt as motivation for white support of black targeted programs.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 30, 1790-1811.

Kreuter, M., Oswald, D., Bull, F., & Clark, E. (2000).  Are tailored health education materials always better than non-tailored materials?  Health Education Research, 15, 305-315.

Kreuter, M., Bull, F., Clark, E., & Oswald, D.  (1999).  Understanding how people process health information: A comparison of tailored and untailored weight loss materials.  Health Psychology, 18, 487-494.


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