BUREAU OF CATHOLIC INDIAN MISSIONS
Record Group 1 of Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records
Historical Notes: Notable Evangelization

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BCIM Historical Notes/Scope and Content

Notable Native Churches, Schools, Special Ministries and Organizations

This list of select Native Guide entries corresponds with the notable Native Catholic churches, schools, special ministries, and related dioceses and organizations documented in the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records (multiple series, e.g. correspondence, photography, reports, publications) and other Native America special collections at Marquette University. The linked guide entries provide the names and current contact information of these institutions, chronologies of history highlights, and summaries of the Native Catholic archival records they held when reviewed by Marquette University archivists. The chronologies illuminate the archival record by noting when these organizations and ministries opened and closed, the tribal or ethnic affiliation of their Native participants, the diocesan and/or religious community affiliation of the associated Catholic groups, and the major disasters and transitions that affected the continuity and survival of the records. Some notable individuals and organizations, who often were record creators, are also identified. Knowledge of the principal record creators is often crucial in identifying, locating and navagating pertinent Catholic records within Marquette's Native America Collections and elsewhere.

Inclusion in this list does not guarantee that Marquette collections alone will provide enough documentation for researching a class paper based on one of these subject categories. Researchers must make their own determinations by reviewing all evidence in consultation with the archivist and their instructor. From the Native Guide entries, the information on records creators provide crucial key words for search box strategues. If insufficient material is found on a topic as originally planned, it may be advantageous to reformulate and/or to consider related archival holdings at other nearby repositories, which are described in their respective Native Guide entries.

State/ Entry Numbers Communities/ Places Churches, Schools, Special Ministries, Dioceses, Organizations Native American Ethnic Groups/ Tribes
Alaska - - -
AK-13 Fairbanks Catholic Church. Diocese of Fairbanks. (Regional Overview. Permanent Diacoate Program) Eskimo, Ingalik
AK-20 Holy Cross Holy Cross Mission Eskimo, Ingalik
AK-22 Hooper Bay Little Flower of Jesus Church Eskimo
AK-22 Hooper Bay Sisters of the Snow Eskimo
AK-41 Nome KNOM Radio Eskimo, Ingalik
AK-47 St. Marys/ Akulurak St. Mary Mission, School and Church of the Nativity Eskimo
AK-48 St. Michael St. Michael Mission Eskimo
Arizona - - -
AZ-14 Fort Defiance, Navajo Reservation Our Lady of the Blessed Sacrament Church Navajo
AZ-29 Laveen/ Komatke, Gila River Reservation St. John School Apache, Maricopa, Pima, Tohono O'odham
AZ- Phoenix Catholic Church. Diocese of Phoenix. Archives (Regional Overview) All Native Nations
AZ-36 Sacaton/ Bapchule, Gila River Reservation St. Peter School Maricopa, Pima
AZ-37 St. Michaels, Navajo Reservation St. Michael Mission Navajo
AZ-38 St. Michaels, Navajo Reservation St. Michael Indian School Navajo
AZ-39 San Carlos, San Carlos Reservation San Carlos Mission and St. Charles School Apache, Yuma
AZ-45 Topawa, Tohono O'odham/ Papago Reservation St. Catherine Church, San Solano Missions Tohono O'odham
AZ- Tucson Catholic Church. Diocese of Tucson (Regional Overview)  All Native Nations
AZ-55 Tucson/ San Xavier, San Xavier Reservation San Xavier Mission Tohono O'odham
AZ-60 Whiteriver, Fort Apache Reservation St. Francis Church Apache
California - - -
CA-6 Banning St. Boniface School Cahuilla, Cupeño, Kumiai
CA-31 Hoopa, Hoopa Reservation Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha Church Hupa
CA- Los Angeles Catholic Church. Archdiocese of Los Angeles (Regional Overview. Urban Ministry) All Native Nations
CA-74 Pala San Antonio de Pala Mission Cahuilla, Cupeño, Kumiai
District of Columbia - - -
DC-3 Washington Black and Indian Mission Office. Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions, et.al. (Church-State Relationships) All Native Nations
Florida - - -
FL-7 Indiantown  Hope Rural School  Maya 
FL-13 Tallahassee Martyrs of La Florida Missions Apalachee, et.al.
FL-16 St. Augustine Fort Marian School, 1886-1880s Chihuahua Apache
Idaho - - -
ID-7 Desmet, Coeur d'Alene Reservation Sacred Heart Mission Coeur d'Alene
ID-8 Lapwai, Nez Perce Reservation St. Joseph Mission Nez Perce
Indiana - - -
IN-9 Notre Dame American Indian Catholic School Network (21st Century Native Catholic Schools) All Native Nations
Kansas - - -
KS-7 St. Mary St. Mary Mission and School, 1848-1870s (closed) Potawatomi
KS-10 St. Paul Osage Mission and School, 1847-1870 (closed) Osage
Louisiana - - -
LA-2 Alexandria Tekakwitha Conference, 1939-present (Native Catholic Association) All Native Nations
Maine - - -
ME-3 Old Town, Indian Island Reservation St. Ann Church Penobscot
Michigan - - -
MI- Detroit Catholic Church. Archdiocese of Detroit (Regional Overview) All Native Nations
MI-18 Harbor Springs/ New Arbre Croche Holy Childhood of Jesus Church/ Mission and School/ St. Peter's Church Ojibwa, Ottawa
MI-23  L'Anse/ Assinins/ Baraga, Kewenaw Bay Reservation Most Holy Name of Jesus-Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha Church/ Mission, School and Orphan Home Ojibwa
Minnesota - - -
MN-27 Red Lake, Red Lake Reservation St. Mary's Mission and School, 1889-present Ojibwa
MN-28 St. Cloud Catholic Church. Diocese of St. Cloud. Catholic Chippewa Congress, 1911-present Ojibwa
MN-22, MN-34 Waubun/ White Earth, White Earth Reservation White Earth Catholic Community/ St. Benedict Mission and School Ojibwa
Mississippi - - -
MS-5 Philadelphia, Choctaw Reservation Holy Rosary Indian Mission Choctaw
Montana - - -
MT-1 Ashland, Northern Cheyenne Reservation St. Labre Church, 1884-present Cheyenne
MT-2 Ashland, Northern Cheyenne and Crow Reservations St. Labre School System, 1884-present Cheyenne, Crow
MT-7 Browning, Blackfeet Reservation Little Flower Church, 1904-present; Holy Family Mission and School Siksika
MT-8 Browning, Blackfeet Reservation De La Salle Blackfeet School, 2001-present Siksika
MT-20  Hays, Fort Belknap Reservation St. Paul Mission and School Assiniboine, Atsina
MT-34 St. Ignatius, Flathead Reservation St. Ignatius Mission and School Salish
Nebraska - - -
NE-11 Winnebago, Winnebago Reservation St. Augustine Mission School, 1908-present Omaha, Winnebago
New Mexico - - -
NM-9 Bernalillo San Antonio Mission and Sisters of Loretto School Tiwa
NM- Gallup Catholic Church. Diocese of Gallup (Regional Overview) All Native Nations
NM-23  Jemez Pueblo San Diego Mission and School Jemez
NM-25 Laguna Pueblo St. Joseph Church/ Mission Laguna
NM-32 Ohkay Owingeh/ San Juan Pueblo St. John the Baptist Church and School Tewa
NM-38 San Fidel St. Joseph Mission School Acoma, Laguna, Navajo
NM- Santa Fe Catholic Church. Archdiocese of Santa Fe. Regional Overview All Native Nations
NM-42 Santa Fe St. Catherine Indian School All Native Nations
NM-59 Zuni Our Lady of Guadalupe Mission and St. Anthony Church and School Zuni
New York - - -
NY-1 Albany Catholic Church. Diocese of Albany (St. Kateri Tekakwitha Canonization Cause, 1884-2012) Algonquin-Mohawk
QC-11 Akwesasne, St. Regis Mohawk Reservation St. Regis Mission, 1752-present Mohawk
North Dakota - - -
ND-2 Belcourt, Turtle Mountain Reservation St. Ann Church and School, 1889-present Cree, Ojibwa
ND- 8 Fort Totten, Spirit Lake/ Devil's Lake Reservation Seven Dolors Church, Our Lady of Sorrows Chapel and School and Little Flower School Sisseton-Wahpeton Dakota
ND-8 Fort Totten, Spirit Lake/ Devil's Lake Reservation Seven Dolors Church. Catholic Sioux Congress, 1891-present Assiniboine, Dakota, Lakota, Yankton
ND-9 Fort Yates, Standing Rock Reservation St. Peter Mission/ Fort Yates Government School Hunkpapa Dakota
ND-9 Fort Yates, Standing Rock Reservation American Sisters Lakota
ND-11 Mandaree/ Elbowoods, Fort Berthold Reservation St. Anthony Church/ Sacred Heart Mission and School Arikara, Hidatsa, Mandan
ND-18 St. Michael, Spirit Lake/ Devil's Lake Reservation St. Michael Mission Sisseton-Wahpeton Dakota
Oklahoma - - -
OK-1 Anadarko St. Patrick Church; St. Patrick School Kiowa, Comanche
OK-3 Antlers St. Agnes Church and Academy/ St. Mary's School Choctaw
OK-8 Chickasha Holy Name of Jesus Church/ Mission and St. Joseph's School Chickasaw, Choctaw
OK-13 Gray Horse, Osage Reservation St. John Mission and School Kaw, Osage, Pawnee
OK-17 Konawa Sacred Heart Church/ Mission, Sacred Heart Academy, St. Benedict's School and St. Mary's Academy Potawatomi
OK- Oklahoma City Catholic Church. Archdiocese of Oklahoma City (Regional Overview) All Native Nations
OK-29 Pawhuska, Osage Reservation Immaculate Conception Church and St. Louis School Kiowa, Osage
OK-33 Purcell Our Lady of Victory/ St. Elizabeth's Church and School/ St. Scholastica's \ School Choctaw, Chickasaw
OK-21 Quapaw St. Mary's Mission and School Quapaw
Oregon - - -
OR-21 Pendleton, Umatilla Reservation St. Andrew Mission and St. Ann/ Kate Drexel School Cayuse, Umatilla, Walla Walla
OR- Portand Catholic Church. Archdiocese of Portand (Regional Overview) All Native Nations
South Dakota - - -
SD-10 Howes Catholic Church. Diocese of Rapid City. Sioux Spiritual Center, 1977-present (Inculturation Task Force. Permanent Diaconate Program) All Native Nations
ND-9 Kenel, Standing Rock Reservation St. Benedict's Mission; Farm School; St. Bernard School Hunkpapa Dakota
SD-17 Marty, Yankton Reservation Oblate Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament Dakota, Ojibwa, Yankton
SD-18 Marty, Yankton Reservation St. Paul Mission; St. Paul School Yankton
SD-24  Pine Ridge, Pine Ridge Reservation Pine Ridge Reservation Churches, 1888-present; Red Cloud Indian School System, 1888-present Oglala Lakota
SD-26 Rapid City Catholic Church. Diocese of Rapid City. (Regional Overview. Nicholas Black Elk Canonization Cause, 2016-present) Lakota
SD-27 Rapid City St. Isaac Jogues Church (Urban Ministry) Dakota, Lakota
SD-28 St. Francis, Rosebud Reservation St. Francis Mission, 1886-present; St. Francis Mission School, 1886-1980 Brulé Lakota
SD-28 St. Francis, Rosebud Reservation St. Francis Mission. KINI Radio Brulé Lakota
SD-28 St. Francis, Rosebud Reservation St. Francis Mission (Medicine Men and Clergy Dialogue, 1974-1980) Lakota
SD- Sioux Falls Catholic Church. Diocese of Sioux Falls (Regional Overview) All Native Nations
SD-35 Stephan, Crow Creek Reservation Immaculate Conception Church and School Santee Dakota, Sisseton-Wahpeton Dakota
Texas - - -
TX-22 El Paso, Ysleta del Sur Reservation Our Lady of Mount Carmel Church Tiwa
Utah - - -
UT-8 Roosevelt, Uintah and Ouray Reservation St. Helen Church Ute
Washington - - -
WA-16 Omak, Colville Reservation St. Francis Regis Mission and St. Mary Mission and School Colville Confederated
WA- Seattle Catholic Church. Archdiocese of Seattle (Regional Overview) All Native Nations
WA-36  Yakima, Yakima Reservation St. Joseph Church and School Yakama
Wisconsin - - -
WI-1 Ashland, Bad River Reservation St. Mary/ Our Lady of Seven Dolors Mission, St. Mary School Ojibwa
WI-2 Bayfield and La Pointe Holy Family Church/ Christ Church and School and St. Joseph Mission Ojibwa
WI-15 Keshena, Menominee Reservation St. Michael Church/ Mission and St. Joseph School Menominee
WI-27 Milwaukee Siggenauk Center, 1980-1989; Congregation of the Great Spirit, 1989-present (Urban Ministry) All Native Nations
WI-42 Stone Lake, Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation St. Francis Solanus Church and School Ojibwa
Wyoming - - -
WY-8 Saint Stephens, Wind River Reservation St. Stephen's Mission Arapaho, Shoshoni
Archival materials from the Raynor Memorial Libraries


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