Record Group 1 of Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records
Historical Notes: Notable Evangelization

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BCIM Historical Notes/Scope and Content

The roots of the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions began in 1873 with the appointment of a Catholic Commissioner for Indian Missions. The purpose of that office, which was organized the following year as the Office of the Catholic Commissioner for Indian Missions and later renamed the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions, was to protect, promote, and administer the interests of the Catholic Church with respect to missions and evangelization among the Native Americans in the United States. In so doing, it advocated for and raised funds for Catholic missions and related Native American social and cultural issues in general.

Notable People: Officers and personnel of the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions and notable allied fund raising raising organizations.

Notable Events: Notable events regarding the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions and Catholic evangelization of Native Americans in the present-day United States.

Notable Evangelization: Selected Native American parishes, missions, schools, and ministry programs supported by the Commission for Catholic Missions among the Colored People and Indians and the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions.

Pictorial History: "The Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions: 140 Years of Action", presented at the 75th annual Tekakwitha Conference in Fargo, North Dakota, July 24, 2014.


Notable Evangelization: Selected Native American parishes, missions, schools, and ministry programs supported by the Commission for Catholic Missions among the Colored People and the Indians and the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions.

The entry numbers indicate related entries in the Guide to Catholic Records about Native Americans in the United States which identifies more holdings beyond the Marquette Archives and further illuminates the Marquette holdings with respect to Catholic and Native groups and places. Defunct institutions, relatively new ones, and some located in eastern states do not have entry numbers. For comprehensive listings, see the Master Index to the guides. The Catholic and Native groups are identified according to Library of Congress subject headings.

State Place Institution Guide Entry Numbers Ethnic Groups
Alaska Holy Cross Holy Cross Mission W-21 Eskimo, Ingalik & others
  Hooper Bay Little Flower of Jesus Church W-23 Eskimo
  Saint Marys/ Akulurak St. Mary Mission, School and Church of the Nativity W-48 Eskimo
  Saint Michael St. Michael Mission W-49 Eskimo
Arizona Fort Defiance, Navajo Reservation Our Lady of the Blessed Sacrament Church W-74 Navajo
  Laveen/ Komatke, Gila River Reservation St. John School W-92 Maricopa & Pima
  Sacaton/ Bapchule, Gila River Reservation St. Peter School W-93 Maricopa & Pima
  Saint Michaels, Navajo Reservation St. Michael Mission W-94 Navajo
  Saint Michaels, Navajo Reservation St. Michael Indian School M-94, W-95 Navajo
  San Carlos, San Carlos Reservation San Carlos Mission and St. Charles School W-96 Apache & Yuma
  Topawa, Tohono O'odham/ Papago Reservation St. Catherine Church, San Solano Missions W-102 Tohono O'odham
  Tucson/ San Xavier, Tohono O'odham/ Papago Reservation San Xavier Mission W-113 Tohono O'odham
  Whiteriver, Fort Apache Reservation St. Francis Church W-118 Apache
California Hoopa, Hoopa Reservation Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha Church W-153 Hupa
  Pala, Pala Reservation Mission San Antonio de Pala W-199 Aguas Calientes, Campo & Cupeño
  Riverside St. Boniface School W-127 Cahuilla, Serrano & Cupeño
Idaho Culdusac/ Slickpoo, Nez Perce Reservation St. Joseph's Mission W-283 Nez Perce
  DeSmet, Coeur d'Alene Reservation Sacred Heart Mission W-282 Coeur d'Alene
Maine Indian Island, Penobscott Reservation St. Ann Church E-19 Penobscott
Michigan Assinins/ Baraga, Kewenaw Bay Reservation Most Holy Name of Jesus-Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha Church/ Mission, School and Orphan Home M-32 Ojibwa
  Harbor Springs/ New Arbre Croche Holy Childhood of Jesus Church/ Mission and School/ St. Peter's Church M-46 Ojibwa & Ottawa
Minnesota Minneapolis Gichitwaa Kateri Church   Ojibwa
  Red Lake, Red Lake Reservation St. Mary's Church/ Mission/ St. Ignatius Church M-91 Ojibwa
  White Earth, White Earth Reservation St. Benedict Mission and School M-102 Ojibwa
Montana Ashland, Northern Cheyenne Reservation St. Labre Mission and School W-290, W-291 Cheyenne & Crow
  Browning, Blackfeet Reservation Holy Family Mission and School   Siksika
  Hays/ St. Pauls, Fort Belknap Reservation St. Paul Mission and School W-311 Assiniboine & Atsina
  Saint Ignatius, Flathead Reservation St. Ignatius Mission and School W-326 Salish
  Saint Xavier, Crow Reservation St. Xavier Mission and School W-301 Crow
Nebraska Winnebago, Winnebago Reservation St. Augustine Mission and School M-123 Winnebago
New Mexico Bernalillo San Antonio Mission and Sisters of Loretto School W-348 Tiwa & others
  Jemez Pueblo San Diego Mission W-362 Jemez
  Laguna Pueblo St. Joseph Church/ Mission W-364 Laguna
  Ohkay Owingeh/ San Juan Pueblo St. John the Baptist Church and School W-371 Tewa
  Santa Fe St. Catherine Indian School   Various
  Zuni Our Lady of Guadalupe Mission and St. Anthony Church and School W-397 Zuni
New York Akwesasne, St. Regis Mohawk Reservation St. Regis Mission   Mohawk
North Dakota Belcourt, Turtle Mountain Reservation St. Ann's Church/ Mission and School M-125 Cree & Ojibwa
  Fort Totten, Spirit Lake/ Devil's Lake Reservation Seven Dolors Church/ Mission/ Our Lady of Sorrows Chapel and School and Little Flower School M-130 Sisseton & Wahpeton Dakota
  Fort Yates, Standing Rock Reservation St. Peter Mission/ Fort Yates Government School M-131 Hunkpapa Dakota
  Mandaree/ Elbowoods, Fort Berthold Reservation St. Anthony Church/ Sacred Heart Mission and School M-133 Arikara, Hidatsa & Mandan
Oklahoma Anadarko, Kiowa and Comanche Reservation St. Patrick Church/ Mission and School M-145a Kiowa, Comanche & others
  Antlers, Choctaw Reservation St. Agnes Church/ Mission and Academy/ St. Mary's School M-146 Choctaw
  Chickasha, Chickasaw Reservation Holy Name Church/ Mission and St. Joseph's School M-151 Chickasaw & Choctaw
  Gray Horse, Osage Reservation St. John's Mission and School M-156 Kaw, Osage & Pawnee
  Konawa/ Sacred Heart, Potawatomi Reservation Sacred Heart Church/ Mission, Sacred Heart Academy, St. Benedict's School and St. Mary's Academy M-161 Potawatomi & others
  Pawhuska, Osage Reservation Immaculate Conception Church and St. Louis School M-176 Kiowa, Osage & others
  Purcell, formerly Choctaw Reservation Our Lady of Victory/ St. Elizabeth's Church and School/ St. Scholastica's \ School M-180 Choctaw, Chickasaw & others
  Quapaw, Quapaw Reservation St. Mary's Mission and School M-165 Quapaw & others
Oregon Pendleton, Umatilla Reservation St. Andrew Mission and St. Ann/ Kate Drexel School W-418 Cayuse, Umatilla & Walla Walla
South Dakota Kenel, Standing Rock Reservation St. Benedict's Mission, Farm School, and St. Bernard School M-131 Hunkpapa Dakota
  Pine Ridge, Pine Ridge Reservation Holy Rosary Mission and Red Cloud Indian School M-222 Oglala Dakota
  Plainview Sioux Spiritual Center M-226 various Dakota & others
  Saint Francis, Rosebud Reservation St. Francis Mission and School M-228a Brulé Dakota
  Stephan, Crow Creek Reservation Immaculate Conception Mission and School M-233b Santee, Sisseton & Wahpeton Dakota
Texas El Paso, Ysleta del Sur Reservation Our Lady of Mount Carmel Church W-451 Tiwa
Washington Omak, Colville Reservation St. Francis Regis Mission and St. Mary Mission and School W-501 Colville Confederated
  Yakima, Yakima Reservation St. Joseph Church and School W-524 Yakama
Wisconsin Bayfield and La Pointe Holy Family Mission/ Christ Church and School and St. Joseph Mission M-242 Ojibwa
  Keshena, Menominee Reservation St. Michael Church/ Mission and St. Joseph School M-254 Menominee
  Milwaukee Congregation of the Great Spirit M-260c various
  Odanah, Bad River Reservation St. Mary's Mission and School/ Our Lady of Seven Dolors Mission   Ojibwa
Wyoming Saint Stephens, Wind River Reservation St. Stephen's Mission and School W-532 Arapaho & Shoshoni
Archival materials from the Raynor Memorial Libraries

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