Record Group 1 of Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records
Historical Note: Notable Missions and Parishes

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BCIM Historical Note Scope and Content

The roots of the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions began in 1873 with the appointment of a Catholic Commissioner for Indian Missions. The purpose of that office, which was organized the following year as the Office of the Catholic Commissioner for Indian Missions and later renamed the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions, was to protect, promote, and administer the interests of the Catholic Church with respect to missions and evangelization among the Native Americans in the United States. In so doing, it advocated for and raised funds for Catholic missions and related Native American social and cultural issues in general.

Notable People: Officers and personnel of the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions and notable allied fund raising raising organizations.

Notable Events: Notable events regarding the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions and Catholic evangelization of Native Americans in the present-day United States.

Notable Evangelization: Selected Native American missions, schools, parishes, and ministry programs supported by the Black and Indian Mission collection and the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions.

Pictorial History: "The Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions: 140 Years of Action", presented at the 75th annual Tekakwitha Conference in Fargo, North Dakota, July 24, 2014.


Notable Evangelization: Selected Native American missions, schools, parishes, and ministry programs supported by the Black and Indian Mission collection and the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions.

The entry numbers indicate related entries in the Guides to Catholic-Related Records for the United States about Native Americans which identify additional archival beyond the Marquette Archives. Defunct institutions, relatively new ones, and some located in eastern states do not have entry numbers. For comprehensive listings, see the Master Index to the guides. The Catholic and Native groups are identified according to Library of Congress subject headings.

State Place Institution Guide Entry Numbers Ethnic Groups
Alaska Holy Cross Holy Cross Mission W-21 Eskimo, Ingalik & others
  Hooper Bay Little Flower of Jesus Church W-23 Eskimo
  Saint Marys/ Akulurak St. Mary Mission, School and Church of the Nativity W-48 Eskimo
Saint Michael St. Michael Mission W-49 Eskimo
Arizona Fort Defiance, Navajo Reservation Our Lady of the Blessed Sacrament Church W-74 Navajo
  Laveen/ Komatke, Gila River Reservation St. John School W-92 Maricopa & Pima
Sacaton/ Bapchule, Gila River Reservation St. Peter School W-93 Maricopa & Pima
Saint Michaels, Navajo Reservation St. Michael Mission W-94 Navajo
Saint Michaels, Navajo Reservation St. Michael Indian School M-94, W-95 Navajo
San Carlos, San Carlos Reservation San Carlos Mission and St. Charles School W-96 Apache & Yuma
Topawa, Tohono O'odham/ Papago Reservation St. Catherine Church, San Solano Missions W-102 Tohono O'odham
Tucson/ San Xavier, Tohono O'odham/ Papago Reservation San Xavier Mission W-113 Tohono O'odham
Whiteriver, Fort Apache Reservation St. Francis Church W-118 Apache
California Hoopa, Hoopa Reservation Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha Church W-153 Hupa
  Pala, Pala Reservation Mission San Antonio de Pala W-199 Aguas Calientes, Campo & Cupeño
  Riverside St. Boniface School W-127 Cahuilla, Serrano & Cupeño
Idaho Culdusac/ Slickpoo, Nez Perce Reservation St. Joseph's Mission W-283 Nez Perce
DeSmet, Coeur d'Alene Reservation Sacred Heart Mission W-282 Coeur d'Alene
Maine Indian Island, Penobscott Reservation St. Ann Church E-19 Penobscott
Michigan Assinins/ Baraga, Kewenaw Bay Reservation Most Holy Name of Jesus-Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha Church/ Mission, School and Orphan Home M-32 Ojibwa
Harbor Springs/ New Arbre Croche Holy Childhood of Jesus Church/ Mission and School/ St. Peter's Church M-46 Ojibwa & Ottawa
Minnesota Minneapolis Gichitwaa Kateri Church   Ojibwa
  Red Lake, Red Lake Reservation St. Mary's Church/ Mission/ St. Ignatius Church M-91 Ojibwa
White Earth, White Earth Reservation St. Benedict Mission and School M-102 Ojibwa
Montana Ashland, Northern Cheyenne Reservation St. Labre Mission and School W-290, W-291 Cheyenne & Crow
Browning, Blackfeet Reservation Holy Family Mission and School   Siksika
Hays/ St. Pauls, Fort Belknap Reservation St. Paul Mission and School W-311 Assiniboine & Atsina
Saint Ignatius, Flathead Reservation St. Ignatius Mission and School W-326 Salish
Saint Xavier, Crow Reservation St. Xavier Mission and School W-301 Crow
Nebraska Winnebago, Winnebago Reservation St. Augustine Mission and School M-123 Winnebago
New Mexico Bernalillo San Antonio Mission and Sisters of Loretto School W-348 Tiwa & others
Jemez Pueblo San Diego Mission W-362 Jemez
Laguna Pueblo St. Joseph Church/ Mission W-364 Laguna
Ohkay Owingeh/ San Juan Pueblo St. John the Baptist Church and School W-371 Tewa
Santa Fe St. Catherine Indian School   Various
Zuni Our Lady of Guadalupe Mission and St. Anthony Church and School W-397 Zuni
New York Akwesasne, St. Regis Mohawk Reservation St. Regis Mission   Mohawk
North Dakota Belcourt, Turtle Mountain Reservation St. Ann's Church/ Mission and School M-125 Cree & Ojibwa
Fort Totten, Spirit Lake/ Devil's Lake Reservation Seven Dolors Church/ Mission/ Our Lady of Sorrows Chapel and School and Little Flower School M-130 Sisseton & Wahpeton Dakota
Fort Yates, Standing Rock Reservation St. Peter Mission/ Fort Yates Government School M-131 Hunkpapa Dakota
Mandaree/ Elbowoods, Fort Berthold Reservation St. Anthony Church/ Sacred Heart Mission and School M-133 Arikara, Hidatsa & Mandan
Oklahoma Anadarko, Kiowa and Comanche Reservation St. Patrick Church/ Mission and School M-145a Kiowa, Comanche & others
Antlers, Choctaw Reservation St. Agnes Church/ Mission and Academy/ St. Mary's School M-146 Choctaw
Chickasha, Chickasaw Reservation Holy Name Church/ Mission and St. Joseph's School M-151 Chickasaw & Choctaw
Gray Horse, Osage Reservation St. John's Mission and School M-156 Kaw, Osage & Pawnee
Konawa/ Sacred Heart, Potawatomi Reservation Sacred Heart Church/ Mission, Sacred Heart Academy, St. Benedict's School and St. Mary's Academy M-161 Potawatomi & others
Pawhuska, Osage Reservation Immaculate Conception Church and St. Louis School M-176 Kiowa, Osage & others
Purcell, formerly Choctaw Reservation Our Lady of Victory/ St. Elizabeth's Church and School/ St. Scholastica's \ School M-180 Choctaw, Chickasaw & others
Quapaw, Quapaw Reservation St. Mary's Mission and School M-165 Quapaw & others
Oregon Pendleton, Umatilla Reservation St. Andrew Mission and St. Ann/ Kate Drexel School W-418 Cayuse, Umatilla & Walla Walla
South Dakota Kenel, Standing Rock Reservation St. Benedict's Mission, Farm School, and St. Bernard School M-131 Hunkpapa Dakota
Pine Ridge, Pine Ridge Reservation Holy Rosary Mission and Red Cloud Indian School M-222 Oglala Dakota
Plainview Sioux Spiritual Center M-226 various Dakota & others
Saint Francis, Rosebud Reservation St. Francis Mission and School M-228a Brulé Dakota
Stephan, Crow Creek Reservation Immaculate Conception Mission and School M-233b Santee, Sisseton & Wahpeton Dakota
Texas El Paso, Ysleta del Sur Reservation Our Lady of Mount Carmel Church W-451 Tiwa
Washington Omak, Colville Reservation St. Francis Regis Mission and St. Mary Mission and School W-501 Colville Confederated
  Yakima, Yakima Reservation St. Joseph Church and School W-524 Yakama
Wisconsin Bayfield and La Pointe Holy Family Mission/ Christ Church and School and St. Joseph Mission M-242 Ojibwa
Keshena, Menominee Reservation St. Michael Church/ Mission and St. Joseph School M-254 Menominee
Milwaukee Congregation of the Great Spirit M-260c various
Odanah, Bad River Reservation St. Mary's Mission and School/ Our Lady of Seven Dolors Mission   Ojibwa
Wyoming Saint Stephens, Wind River Reservation St. Stephen's Mission and School W-532 Arapaho & Shoshoni
Archival materials from the Raynor Memorial Libraries

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