GUIDE TO CATHOLIC RECORDS ABOUT NATIVE AMERICANS IN THE U.S.
Volume 1: Eastern United States
St. Mary's Seminary and University. Associated Archives
5400 Roland Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21210
Hours: See website
Access: See website
Copying facilities: Yes
Holdings of Catholic records about Native Americans:
Inclusive dates: 1794-ongoing
Volume: Less than 1%
Description: Established in 2002, the Associated Archives contains two related collections:
/1 Archdiocese of Baltimore Archives
History: Baltimore was erected as the Prefecture Apostolate of the United States of America, 1784, from territory in the Vicariate Apostolate of London District (Archives: Archdiocese of Westminster, London, England). It was succeeded by the Diocese of Baltimore, 1789; elevated to the Archdiocese of Baltimore, 1808; renamed the Archdiocese of Baltimore-Washington, 1939; and renamed the Archdiocese of Baltimore, 1947. It lost territory as more dioceses were erected, 1808-1947.
Description: Less than 1%
A. Archbishops' papers: Microfilmed through Archbishop Bayley, with copies also at University of Notre Dame Archives; open through Archbishop Keough and closed thereafter (in 2017); Archbishop Bayley founded the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions (BCIM) in 1874 with successors serving on its board of directors and that of the Commission for Catholic Missions among Colored People and Indians.
John Carroll, 1784-1815
Leonard Neale, 1815-1817
Ambrose Maréchal, P.S.S., 1817-1828
James Whitfield, 1828-1834; by decree, bishops at the Second Baltimore Provincial Council, 1833, recommended the entrusting to the Jesuits the Catholic missions among Native Americans in the West
Samuel Eccleston, P.S.S., 1834-1851
Francis Patrick Kenrick, 1851-1863
Martin John Spalding, 1864-1872
James Roosevelt Bayley, 1872-1877
James Gibbons, 1877-1921; bishops at the Third Plenary Baltimore Council signed the postulation that introduced the canonization causes of martyrs Father Isaac Jogues, S.J. [Jesuits], and René Goupil, S.J., and Kateri Tekakwitha (Mohawk-Algonquin)
Michael Joseph Curley, 1921-1947
Francis Patrick Keough, 1947-1961
Lawrence Joseph Shehan, 1961-1974
William Donald Borders, 1874-1989
William Henry Keeler, 1989-2007
Edwin Frederick O'Brien, 2007-2011
William Edwin Lori, 2012-
B. Archdiocesan Newspapers, 1850-ongoing
/2 Associated Sulpicians of the United States Archives
History: Founded in France in 1641, the Sulpicians self-identify with the post-nominal initials, "S.S." They made their first U.S. foundation, 1791, and founded their United States Province, 1903. Notable Sulpicians and associated others:
Baden, Rev. Stephen T. (1768-1853), first priest ordained in the United States; under Bishop Edward Fenwick of Cincinnati, Ohio, he served as a missionary to the Potawatomi in Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa, 1830-1837
Bruté de Rémur, S.S., Bishop Simon-Gabriel; first Bishop of Vincennes (Indianapolis), Indiana, 1834-1839
Dyer (1854-1925), S.S., Rev. Edward R.; secretary-treasurer of the Commission for Catholic Missions among Colored People and Indians, 1884-1925; Marquette University Special Collections and Archives hold copies of these Commission records.
Tennelly (1890-1981), S.S., Rev. John B.; secretary-treasurer of the Commission for Catholic Missions among Colored People and Indians, 1925-1976; Marquette University holds the original Commission records during this era.
Inclusive dates: 1793-1976
Volume: Possibly over 2 cubic feet
Description: Papers of Sulpicians, e.g. Bishop Simon-Gabriel Bruté de Rémur, S.S., Rev. Edward R. Dyer, S.S., Rev. John B. Tennelly, S.S., and associated non-Sulpicians, e.g. Rev. Stephen T. Baden.
Unless noted otherwise, the repository named above holds (or held) the records described and not the Marquette University Archives. However, Marquette’s holdings, e.g. Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records, include related records about these Native and Catholic groups and places.