Volume 4: Outside United States
Quebec: QC-6

Jesuites. Province du Canada. Archives
Jesuits. Province of Canada. Archives
25 rue Jarry ouest
Montréal, QC H2P 1S6 Canada

Phone: 514-387-2541, extension 318


Hours: See website (Visiting the Archive)

Access: See website

Copying facilities: Yes


The Jesuits (a.k.a. Society of Jesus), founded by St. Ignatius of Loyola (Spain), 1540, self-identify with the post-nominal initials, “S.J.” In North America, French Jesuits evangelized Native Americans, 1609-1773 (suppressed). During that era, the following were the notable Jesuit Native missions in the present-day United States.

1656-1708 (abandoned)

Mission Sainte Marie among the Iroquois (Onondaga), present-day New York

1667-1765 (attended intermittently)

St. Francis Xavier Mission (Menominee, Métis), Fort La Baye, present-day Green Bay, Wisconsin

1668-1773 (attended intermittently)

St. Mary Mission (Ojibwa, Ottawa), Sault Sainte Marie, present-day Michigan

1671-1773 (attended intermittently)

St. Ignace Mission (Ojibwa, Ottawa), St. Ignace, present-day Michigan

1673-1773 (attended intermittently)

Mission, La Pointe (Ojibwa), present-day Wisconsin

1701-1773 (attended intermittently)

Sainte Anne Church (Métis, Wyandot), Detroit/ Fort St. Joseph, present-day Michigan

1703-1773 (attended intermittently)

Illinois Mission (Illinois), Fort de Chartres, present-day Illinois

1752-1773 (intermittent residency)

St. Francis Regis Mission (Mohawk), St. Regis [Akwesasne], Quebec-New York

 After reestablishing themselves during the 19th century, the Canadian Jesuit Province was established in 1907 and divided into the two provinces, the English-speaking Upper Canada Province and the French-speaking French-Canadian Province, 1939. The Canadian Jesuits administered the following Catholic missions among Native Americans in the United States:


Holy Name of Mary Church and School (Ojibwa), Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan 

1848-1849 (moved to Fort William, Ontario, Canada) 

Immaculate Conception Mission (Ojibwa), Pigeon River, Minnesota


1849-1856, 1858-1907

St. Francis Xavier Mission (Ojibwa), Grand Marais, Minnesota    

1849-1856, 1858-1907

Holy Rosary Mission (Ojibwa), Grand Portage, Minnesota


Our Savior, Friend of Children Mission (Ojibwa), Sugar Island, Michigan 


St. Joseph Mission (Ojibwa), Sugar Island, Michigan  

1909-1912 (transferred to California Province)

Alaska Mission (Eskimo, Ingalik, Koyukon, Tlingit), Alaska


Rev. Michael Karhaienton Jacobs (Mohawk) (1902-1988), S.J. [French-Canadian Province], and succeeding Jesuits (French-Canadian, Canadian, and Northeast U.S. Provinces), administered St. Regis Mission (Mohawk), St. Regis [Akwesasne], St. Regis Reserve/ Reservation, Quebec-New York


Holding of Catholic records about Native Americans in the United States: The Canadian Jesuit Archives, the French National Archives, and the French National Library hold substantial records of French-Canadian Jesuits and their evangelization of Native Americans in the present-day United States. From these records, Jesuit superiors compiled, edited, and published the Jesuit Relations or Relations des Jésuites de la Nouvelle-France, 1632-1763, as annual reports to benefactors and the public, which Reuben Gold Twaites translated into English, cross-referenced, and republished as The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents: Travels and Explorations of the Jesuit Missionaries in New France, 1610-1791, Cleveland: Burrows Bros. Co., 1896-1901. Holdings regarding subsequent Canadian evangelization of Native Americans in the United States are unknown.


 Unless otherwise noted, the repository on this page holds (or held) the records described here and they are not held at the Marquette University Archives.