GUIDE TO CATHOLIC RECORDS ABOUT NATIVE AMERICANS IN THE U.S.
Volume 4: Outside United States
Quebec: QC-6

Jesuits. Province of Canada. Archives
Jesuites. Province du Canada. Archives
25 rue Jarry ouest
Montréal, QC H2P 1S6 Canada

Phone: 514-387-2541, extension 318
Email: archives@jesuites.org

 

Hours: See website (Visiting the Archive)

Access: See website

Copying facilities: Yes

 

History: St. Ignatius de Loyola founded the Jesuits or Society of Jesus in Spain, 1534. In North America, French Jesuits evangelized Native Americans, 1609-1773 (formally dissolved by British Crown). During that era, the following were the notable Jesuit Native missions in the present-day United States:

1656-1708 (abandoned)

Mission Sainte Marie among the Iroquois (Onondaga), present-day New York

1667-1765 (attended intermittently)

St. Francis Xavier Mission (Menominee, Métis), Fort La Baye, present-day Green Bay, Wisconsin

1668-1773 (attended intermittently)

St. Mary Mission (Ojibwa, Ottawa), Sault Sainte Marie, present-day Michigan

1671-1773 (attended intermittently)

St. Ignace Mission (Ojibwa, Ottawa), St. Ignace, present-day Michigan

1673-1773 (attended intermittently)

Mission, La Pointe (Ojibwa), present-day Wisconsin

1701-1773 (attended intermittently)

Sainte Anne Church (Métis, Wyandot), Detroit/ Fort St. Joseph, present-day Michigan

1703-1773 (attended intermittently)

Illinois Mission (Illinois), Fort de Chartres, present-day Illinois

1752-1773 (intermittent residency)

St. Francis Regis Mission (Mohawk), St. Regis [Akwesasne], Quebec-New York

 After reestablishing themselves during the 19th century, the Canadian Jesuit Province was established in 1907 and divided into the two provinces, the English-speaking Upper Canada Province and the French-speaking French-Canadian Province, 1939. The Canadian Jesuits administered the following Catholic missions among Native Americans in the United States:

1846-1914

Holy Name of Mary Church and School (Ojibwa), Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan 

1848-1849 (moved to Fort William, Ontario, Canada) 

Immaculate Conception Mission (Ojibwa), Pigeon River, Minnesota

 

1849-1856, 1858-1907

St. Francis Xavier Mission (Ojibwa), Grand Marais, Minnesota    

1849-1856, 1858-1907

Holy Rosary Mission (Ojibwa), Grand Portage, Minnesota

1880-unknown 

Our Savior, Friend of Children Mission (Ojibwa), Sugar Island, Michigan 

1880-1894

St. Joseph Mission (Ojibwa), Sugar Island, Michigan  

1909-1912 (transferred to California Province)

Alaska Mission (Eskimo, Ingalik, Koyukon, Tlingit), Alaska

1939-1970s

Rev. Michael Karhaienton Jacobs (Mohawk) (1902-1988), S.J. [French-Canadian Province], and succeeding Jesuits (French-Canadian, Canadian, and Northeast U.S. Provinces), administered St. Regis Mission (Mohawk), St. Regis [Akwesasne], St. Regis Reserve/ Reservation, Quebec-New York

 

Holding of Catholic records about Native Americans in the United States: The Canadian Jesuit Archives, the French National Archives, and the French National Library hold substantial records of French-Canadian Jesuits and their evangelization of Native Americans in the present-day United States. From these records, Jesuit superiors compiled, edited, and published the Jesuit Relations or Relations des Jésuites de la Nouvelle-France, 1632-1763, as annual reports to benefactors and the public, which Reuben Gold Twaites translated into English, cross-referenced, and republished as The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents: Travels and Explorations of the Jesuit Missionaries in New France, 1610-1791, Cleveland: Burrows Bros. Co., 1896-1901. Holdings regarding subsequent Canadian evangelization of Native Americans in the United States are unknown.

 

 Unless noted otherwise, the repository named above holds (or held) the records described and not the Marquette University Archives. However, Marquette’s holdings, e.g. Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records, include related records about these Native and Catholic groups and places.

new2017/rev2020

Archival materials from the Raynor Memorial Libraries


Marquette Archives