Records pertaining to the Osage Mission and Manual Labor School for Osage Indian boys and girls at present-day St. Paul, Kansas. Included is a pupils' attendance and account book, 1847-1866; a pupils' account book, an English-Osage dictionary, ca. 1885; and a pupils' attendance, accounts and reports, and correspondence book, 1855-1881. The principal correspondent was John Schoenmakers, S.J.

Gift of the Congregation of the Passion (Passionists), St. Paul, Kansas, 1982.

Processed by Mark G. Thiel, 1986, and microfilmed, 1986.

Historical Note

From 1825-1871 the Osage lived on a reservation in Kansas, which was then replaced by the current reservation in Oklahoma. By the 1840s, the U.S. government promoted English language literacy and Euro-American life skills and agricultural practices. Under government sponsorship, Jesuit missionaries (Missouri Province, St. Louis, Missouri) and Sisters of Loretto (Nerinx, Kentucky) taught Osage and Quapaw Indian boys and girls at the Osage Mission and Manual Labor School on the Osage Reservation, in Kansas,1847-1872. For further information, see "Osage," by Garrick A. Bailey, Vol. 13 Plains, Handbook of North American Indians, Smithsonian Institution, 2001.

Subsequent Catholic schools were located in Oklahoma on the Osage (near Fairfax, Pawhuska, and Skiatook) and Quapaw (Miami, Oklahoma) Reservations, which is detailed in the Guide to Catholic Indian Missions and School Records in Midwest Repositories.

Scope and Content

The records list pupils' names, dates of attendance, and tuition payments along. Some comments are included. While most are brief, a few are extensive, noting tribal affiliation, family background, scholastic achievement, and practice of the Catholic faith.

Restrictions: This collection is not restricted with respect to personal privacy rights and the microfilm reels are available via interlibrary loan.

Reformatted records: Records that have been microfilmed are so noted, most of which are available throughout the United States via interlibrary loan. These and other records are or can be made available in digital formats via email. Reformatting fees may apply. Ask an Archivist for details.

Osage Mission Records 1847-1881 (Series 1)

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