GUIDE TO CATHOLIC RECORDS ABOUT NATIVE AMERICANS IN THE U.S.
Volume 2: Midwest United States
Missouri: MO-11

Jesuits. Jesuit Archives and Research Center
3920 West Pine Boulevard
St. Louis, MO 63108

Phone: 314-376-2440
Email: See website

 

Hours: See website 

Access: No restrictions

Copying facilities: Yes

 

History: The Jesuit Archives and Research Center, St. Louis, Missouri, has consolidated the bulk of the archival holdings of the U.S. Jesuit provinces, 2018-present. However, the Georgetown University Special Collections, Washington, D.C., has retained the Maryland Province Archives and the Marquette University Special Collections and Archives has retained the bulk of the Jesuit Native ministry records from the Native American missions and schools in South Dakota and Wyoming.

St. Ignatius Loyola founded the Jesuits (Society of Jesus), 1534; it was suppressed, 1773, and restored, 1814. In the United States, Jesuits have evangelized Native Americans, 1625-1773, and 1814-present. Post-restoration Jesuits evangelized them through the following provinces, missions, parishes, and schools. For more information, see the guide entries for these parishes and corresponding dioceses.

1814-1833

The U.S. Jesuit Mission visited Native tribes in Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont

1833-1850

The Maryland Jesuit Province revived and administered St. Ann Church (Penobscot), Old Town, Maine
1823-1863 (transferred to Missouri Jesuit Province) The Missouri Mission of the Maryland Jesuit Province administered the Native missions in Iowa, Kansas, and Missouri; see below: "History of the Missouri Mission of the Maryland Jesuit Province"
1841-1854 (transferred to California Mission of Turin Jesuit Province, Italy) The Rocky Mountain Mission of the Missouri Jesuit Province administered the Native missions (various) in Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington; see below: "History of  the Rocky Mountain Mission of the Missouri Province"
1854-1909 (transferred to California Jesuit Province) The California Mission of the Turin (Italy) Jesuit Province administered the Native missions (various) in Alaska, Idaho, Montana, and Oregon; see below: “History of Jesuit Native missions in Alaska and the Northwest”
1884-2016 (transferred to Diocese of Cheyenne) The Buffalo Mission of the German Jesuit Province established and administered St. Stephens Mission (Arapaho, Shoshoni), Wind River Reservation, Wyoming, 1884-1907, which was succeeded by the California Mission of the Turin (Italy) Jesuit Province, 1907-1909, the California Jesuit Province, 1909-1912, the Missouri Jesuit Province, 1912-1954, and the Wisconsin Jesuit Province, 1954-2016
1884-1912 (transferred to Missouri Jesuit Province) The Buffalo Mission of the German Jesuit Province established and administered St. Francis Mission (Brule Lakota), Rosebud Reservation, South Dakota; and Holy Rosary Mission - Red Cloud Indian School (Oglala Lakota), Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota, which was succeeded by the California Mission of the Turin (Italy) Jesuit Province, 1907-1909, the California Jesuit Province, 1909-1912
1909-1932 (transferred to Oregon Jesuit Province) The California Jesuit Province administered Native missions (various) in Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington; see below: “History of Jesuit Native missions in Alaska and the Northwest”
1912-1954 (transferred to Wisconsin Jesuit Province) The Missouri Jesuit Province administered the Native missions in Kansas, South Dakota, and Wyoming noted above plus Mother Butler Center – St. Issac Jogues Church (Lakota), Rapid City, South Dakota, and Sioux Spiritual Center (Lakota), Plainview, South Dakota
1928-1955 (transferred to Detroit Jesuit Province); 1955-1995 (transferred to Marquette Diocese) First Chicago and then the Detroit Jesuit Province administered the Upper Peninsula Native missions (Ojibwa, Potawatomi), Michigan
1932-2014 (transferred to Western Jesuit Province) The Oregon Jesuit Province administered Native missions (various) in Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington State; see below: “History of Jesuit Native missions in Alaska and the Northwest”
1970s-2000s (transferred to Ogdensburg Diocese, New York) The New York Jesuit Province administered a Mohawk Indian mission in New York-Quebec; see guide entry for St. Regis Mission (Hogansburg, New York/ St. Regis, Quebec)
1990s-present The New York Jesuit Province, 1990s-2014, and the Northeast Jesuit Province, 2014-present, have administered New York City (Manhattan) parishes with Native parishioners (various); see guide entries for St. Aloysius Church (New York, New York) and St. Charles Borromeo Church (New York, New York)
2016-present The Midwest Jesuit Province has administered the Native missions in South Dakota noted above

Missouri Mission of the Maryland Province:

1836-1841 (closed) Kickapoo Mission and School (Kickapoo), Kansas
1838-1841 (closed) St. Joseph Mission and School (Potawatomi), Council Bluffs, Iowa
1838-1847 (closed) Sugar Creek Mission and School (Potawatomi), Kansas
1847-1849 (closed) St. Francis Regis Mission (Miami), Missouri
1847-1863 (transferred to Missouri Jesuit Province) Osage Mission and School (Osage), Kansas
1848-1863 (transferred to Missouri Jesuit Province) St. Mary Mission and School (Potawatomi), St. Marys, Kansas
1830s-1863 Visitations among Iowa, Omaha, Pawnee, and Otoe Indians

Rocky Mountain Mission of  the Missouri Jesuit Province:

1840-1841 Rev. Pierre J. de Smet, S.J., visited the Coeur d’Alene, Kalispel, Kootenai, Nez Perce, and Salish Indians of the Plateau region

1840-1850s

Rev. Pierre-Jean de Smet, S.J., and other Jesuits visited Arapaho, Brulé Lakota, Cree, Hunkpapa Lakota, Oglala Lakota, Ojibwa, Sans Arc Lakota, Siksika, and Yankton Dakota Indians in Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, and Alberta, Canada
1841-1850 (closed) Rev. Pierre-Jean de Smet, S.J., established and the Jesuits administered St. Mary Mission (Salish), Stevensville, Montana 
1843-1846, 1848-1854 (transferred to Turin Jesuit Province) Rev. Nicholas Point, S.J., established and the Jesuits administered Sacred Heart Mission (Coeur d’Alene), Idaho
1844-1854 (transferred to Turin Jesuit Province Rev. Pierre-Jean de Smet, S.J., established and the Jesuits administered St. Ignatius Mission (Kalispel), Pend Oreille River, Washington 

Jesuit Native missions in Alaska and the Northwest: The California Mission of the Turin (Italy) Jesuit Province, 1854-1909, and its successors—California Jesuit Province, 1909-1932, Oregon Jesuit Province, 1932-2016, and Western Jesuit Province, 2016-present, administered the following Native missions:

1865-present St. Andrew Mission and St. Ann School (Cayuse, Nez Perce, Umatilla, Walla Walla), Pendleton, Umatilla Reservation, Oregon
1872-present St. Joseph/ Ahtanum Church (Yakama), Yakima, Washington
1874-1965 (closed) St. Joseph Mission (Nez Perce), Culdesac, Nez Perce Reservation, Idaho
1877-1979 (transferred to Boise Diocese) Sacred Heart Mission (Nez Perce), Lapwai, Nez Perce Reservation, Idaho
1882-1958 (transferred to Yakima Diocese) St. Mary Church (Yakama), White Swan, Yakama Reservation, Washington
1884-1931 (closed) Holy Family Mission (Siksika), Browning, Blackfeet Reservation, Montana
1884-1970 (transferred to Capuchins) St. Paul Mission (Atsina, Assiniboine, Métis), Hays, Fort Belknap Reservation, Montana
1886-1966 (transferred to Capuchins) St. Francis Xavier Mission (Crow), St. Xavier, Crow Reservation, Montana
1887-1995 (transferred to Xaverians) St. Aloysius Mission (Eskimo), Tanana, Alaska
1887-1986 (transferred to Franciscans) Our Lady of the Snows Church/ St. Peter Claver Mission, Nulato, Alaska
1887-1995 (transferred to Xaverians) St. Aloysius Mission (Eskimo), Tanana, Alaska
1898-present St. Joseph Mission (Eskimo), Tununak, Alaska
1907-1970 (transferred to Vincentians) Holy Name Church (Tlingit, Haida), Ketchikan, Alaska
1921-1978 (transferred to St. Columbans Foreign Mission Society) St. John Berchmans Mission (Koyukon), Galena, Alaska
1900-1980 (transferred to Fairbanks Diocese) St. Michael Mission (Eskimo), St. Michael, Alaska
1905-1913 (transferred to Benedictines, St. Georgenberg-Fiecht Monastery, Austria) St. Ursula/ Our Lady of Lourdes Mission (Atsina, Assiniboine, Sisseton, Wahpeton, Hunkpapa), Poplar, Fort Peck Reservation, Montana
1912-1980 (transferred to St. Columbans Foreign Mission Society) St. Peter in Chains Church (Koyukon), Ruby, Alaska
1917-1966 (transferred to Fairbanks Diocese) St. Theresa Mission (Tanana), Nenana, Alaska
1910s-present Church of Mary, the Mother of God (Eskimo), Marshall, Alaska
1888-1990 (transferred to Sisters of St. Anne) Holy Cross Church (Ingalik), Holy Cross, Alaska
1908-1999 (transferred to Fairbanks Diocese) St. Bernard Mission (Eskimo), Stebbins, Alaska
1904-present Church of the Little Flower (Siksika), Browning, Blackfeet Reservation, Montana
1928-present Little Flower of Jesus (Eskimo), Hooper Bay, Alaska
1877-present Sacred Heart Mission (Coeur d’Alene), DeSmet, Coeur d’Alene Reservation, Idaho
1915-present Sacred Heart Mission (Colville), Nespelem, Colville Reservation, Washington
1892-present St. Charles Mission (Crow), Pryor, Crow Reservation, Montana
1929-present St. Francis Xavier Church (Eskimo), Kotzebue, Alaska 
1904-present St. Ignatius Church (Eskimo), Alakanuk, Alaska
1844-present St. Ignatius Mission (Kootenai, Salish), St. Ignatius, Flathead Reservation, Montana
1901-1986 (transferred to Fairbanks Diocese) St. Joseph Church (Eskimo), Nome, Alaska
1925-present St. Michael Mission (Colville), Inchelium, Colville Reservation, Washington
1921-present St. Lawrence Church (Eskimo), Mountain Village, Alaska
1891-present St. Peter Claver Mission (Siksika), Heart Butte, Crow Reservation, Montana
1943-present Immaculate Conception Church (Eskimo), Bethel, Alaska
1943-present Sacred Heart Mission (Eskimo), Emmonak, Alaska
1945-present St. Joseph Church (Colville), Omak, Colville Reservation, Washington
1886-present St. Mary Mission (Colville), Omak, Colville Reservation, Washington
1949-present St. Joseph Mission (Eskimo), Kotlik, Alaska
1910-1970 (transferred to Redemptorists) Sacred Heart Mission (Tanana, Eskimo), Seward, Alaska
1901-1989 (transferred to Franciscans) St Teresa Little Flower of Jesus Mission (Koyukon), Kaltag, Alaska
1930-present Blessed Sacrament Mission (Eskimo), Scammon Bay, Alaska
1887-present Our Lady of the Snows Church (Koyukon), Nulato, Alaska
1894-present St. Mary Mission/ Church of the Nativity (Eskimo, Ingalik), St. Mary, Alaska
1905-1987 (closed) St. Mary’s School (Eskimo, Ingalik), St. Mary, Alaska
1952-present Holy Family Church (Eskimo), Newtok, Alaska
1935-present Sacred Heart Mission (Eskimo), Chevak, Alaska
1964-present St. Peter the Fisherman Mission (Eskimo), Toksook Bay, Alaska
1914-present St. Charles Spinola Mission (Eskimo), Pilot Station, Alaska
1972-present Sacred Heart Church (Spokane), Wellpinit, Spokane Reservation, Washington
1954-2004 (transferred to Marian Fathers) St. Patrick Church (Eskimo), Barrow, Alaska
1952-present St. Catherine Church (Eskimo), Cheforniak, Alaska
1931-present Our Lady of Perpetual Help Mission (Eskimo), Nightmute, Alaska
1988-present St. Philip Benizi Mission (Spokan), Wellpinit/ Ford, Spokane Reservation, Washington

 

Holdings of Catholic records about Native Americans in the United States:

Inclusive dates: 1790-ongoing, undated

Volume: ca. 835 cubic feet

Description: Included in the records of 6 Jesuit provinces -- California, Detroit, Maryland, Missouri, New York, Oregon and Wisconsin -- plus the Woodstock Letters. For the Maryland Mission/ Province Archives -- see -- the guide entry for Georgetown University. Booth Family Center for Special Collections, Washington, D.C.

 

/1 California Province Archives

Inclusive dates: 1850s-2016

Volume: Ca. 20 cubic feet  

Description:

A. “Province Correspondence,” 1863-1932; 5 volumes, “Lettere Edificanti Della Provincia Turinese, 1863-1932,” 5 volumes, each with index; correspondence between the provincial (Turinese Province, Turin, Italy) and mission superiors, re: Jesuit Native missions in Idaho, Montana, Washington, and Alaska; in Italian.

B. “Province Reports Jesuit Generalate, ARSI California 1003-I1,” 1891-1931; less than 10% of .5 cubic foot, annual reports noting the principal activities and ministries of the houses within the province.

1. Consultation Minutes, 1891-1931; less than 10% of 2 volumes; re: dialogues between the provincial superior and board of consulters on problems of specific houses

2. Missione Della California, Torino Province, 1898; less than 10% of 29 pages, re: overview of activities, including Jesuit Indian missions of the Pacific Northwest

3. Folder 4 (less than 10% of folder): Phoenix, 1928-1929; re: Faculties granted by local bishop

C. “House Files, 323” 1959-1968, 1984, less than 5% of ca. .3 cubic foot, arranged alphabetically by Jesuit house; re: correspondence, clippings, parish and school reports, publications, photographs, and scrapbooks:

1. 323E: Gardnerville, Nevada, St. Gall’s Mission, 1959-1968, 1984; less than 5% of 1 folder

2. 323F: Brigham City, Utah, St. Henry’s Church, 1959-1968, 1984; less than 5% of 6 folders; re: Navajo Indian students of Intermountain Government School and Rev. Joseph Clark, S.J.

D. Photographs, 1910s-1940s, ca. .4 cubic foot, Albums arranged alphabetically by Jesuit house:

1. Bassett, Daniel, S.J. Slide Collection, 1910s-1920s, approximately .2 cubic foot; mostly black and white

a. Holy Rosary Mission (Oglala), Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota, 1910s-1920s, approximately 160 slides; include [Nicholas] Black Elk, Catholic Sioux Congress of 1920, Jesuits, and Sisters of St. Francis of Penance and Christian Charity

b. St. Francis Mission (Brulé), Rosebud Reservation, South Dakota, 1910s-1920s, approximately 6 slides: Includes Big Turkey, Bone Shirt, Hollow Horn Bear, and Short Bull

c. St. Ignatius Mission (Kootenai, Salish), Flathead Reservation, Montana, ca. 6 slides: includes Jesuits

2. Hubbard, [Rev.] Bernard R. (1888-1962), S.J., ca. 1920s-1930s, 261 lantern slides; mostly color, re:

a. Alaska panhandle, 252 slides, ca. 1930s, unidentified Native village (Tlingit?) and geography

b. United States Great Plains and Southwest, 9 slides, ca. 1920s, unidentified Natives

E. “Biographical Files and Personnel Papers,” 1910s-1960s, ca. 19 cubic feet; arranged alphabetically by surname and includes an unknown amount within approximately 53 cubic feet; re: personal papers by and/ or about the author or subject; notable authors/subjects pertaining to Native Americans:

1. Dunne, Peter Masten (1889-1957), S.J., ca. 1925-1957, possibly 25% of 5 cubic feet, re: Southwestern history research

2. Fox, Francis (1921-1989), S.J., ca. 1957-1989, ca. 5 cubic feet, re: Southwestern history research

3. Hubbard, [Rev.] Bernard R. S.J., 1930s-1962, ca. 3 cubic feet; re: correspondence, reports, and articles, ca. 1930s-1962; re: Natives and geography in Alaska

4. Polzer, [Rev.] Charles (1930-2003), S.J., ca. 1953-2003, possibly 25% of 40 cubic feet; unprocessed, re: Documentary Relations of the Southwest Project, which pertains in part to Natives in Arizona, California, New Mexico, and Texas

 

/2 Detroit Province Archives

Inclusive dates: 1946-1995, undated

Volume: .3 cubic foot 

Description: The Detroit Province Archives transferred its records to the Jesuit Archives, 1996.

A. Correspondence, 1946-1995, .15 cubic foot: major correspondents include the Jesuit Provincials, Rev. Paul M. Prudhomme, S.J., and Rev. Joseph Lawless, S.J.

B. Chronicles, 1949-1995, .1 cubic foot: annual reports with accounts of major events for the year

C. Histories, 1947-1951, 34 typed pages: written primarily by Fr. Prudhomme

D. Clippings and photographs, undated, 1 folder

 

/3 Missouri Province Archives

Inclusive dates: 1790-1979, undated 

Volume: 12.3 cubic feet

Description: Also includes the records of Missouri and Rocky Mountain Missions.

A. Missouri Province Houses (mission, parish, etc.), 1790-1973, undated; 6.6 cubic feet arranged alphabetically by the location or by the name of the mission or parish.

1. "Florrisant, Missouri, St. Ferdinand's," 1790-1876, 6 volumes: sacramental records (e.g. baptisms, marriages, burials), which include some Indians

2. "Florissant, Missouri, St. Stanislaus," 1819-1820, 1822-1823, 1825-1830, 1832, 27 letters; correspondence regarding St. Regis Seminary; major correspondents include Rev. Charles F. Van Quickenborne, S.J., and Thomas L. McKenney

3. "Holy Rosary Mission, Pine Ridge, South Dakota," 1888-1946, undated, .2 cubic foot:

a. Correspondence, 1929-1930, 4 letters

b. "Historia Domus, Litterae Annuae," 1888-1906, 1911-1912, 1916, 1 folder: in Latin and English

c. Tom-Tom, 1938, 1942-1943, 1 folder: School publication

d. Photographs, 1914, 1918, 1930-1931, 1936-1938, 1941-1946, undated, 150 photo

4. "Indian Missions (General)," 1894-1940, 1 folder:

a. Correspondence, 1894, 1912-1913, 1916, 9 letters

b. Publications, 1908, 1937, 1940, 3 items: include Jesuit Missions Among the Sioux, 1940, by Rev. Louis Goll, S.J.; and Our Catholic Indian Missions, a paper delivered by Rev. William Ketcham, Director of the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions, 1908

5. "Kickapoo Mission," 1835-1837, 1938, 1 folder:

a. Correspondence, 1835-1836, 8 letters: major correspondents include Rev. Charles F. Van Quickenborne, S.J., and the U.S. Office of Indian Affairs

b. Journal of a trip to the Kickapoo Mission by Rev. Peter J. Verhaegen, S.J., 1837, 16 pages: in French; also includes a hand drawn map

c. History of the Kickapoo Mission and Parish. The First Catholic Church in Kansas by William W. Graves, 1938

6. "Osage Mission, Kansas," 1832-1910, undated, 2 cubic feet:

a. Correspondence, 1832, 1845-1849, 1852, 1855, 1857, 1867-1868, 1870-1872, 1875, 1883-1888, 1910, 55 letters: major correspondents include Rev. Pierre-Jean de Smet, S.J., Rev. Paul M. Ponziglione, S.J., and William Medill, Commissioner of Indian Affairs

b. "Historia Domus, Litterae Annuae," 1854-1863, 1865-1867, 1869, 1871-1891, 2 folders: in Latin; most in Rev. Paul Ponziglione's hand

c. "Status Temporalis and Fructus Ministerii," 1861-1878, 1880-1892, 1 folder

d. "Writings of Rev. Ponziglione, S.J.," 1853-1897, undated, 1 cubic foot:

1. Osage Indian language records, 1853, 1856, 1862, 1885, undated, 25 items: includes a dictionary, catechisms, prayers, dialogues, and collections of Epistles and Gospels translated into Osage by Rev. Paul Ponziglione, S.J.

2. "Annals, Osage Mission, 1824-1889," undated, 3 volumes

3. "The Osages and Father John Schoenmakers, S.J., Interesting Memoirs Collected from Legends, Traditions, and Historical Documents," dedicated in 1897, 561 pages: contains 51 chapters plus appendix and covers the history of the Osage Indians, beginnings of evangelization among the Osages, 1820s-1830s, and the Mission among the Osages, 1846-1884; 2 sets of the record are in the Archives

4. "Journal of the Western Missions Established and Attended by the Fathers of the Society of Jesus Residing at the Osage Mission, Neosho County, Kansas, beginning from August 11, 1867," 1867-1896, 10 volumes: includes correspondence (some copies) and historical accounts

5. Notebook, 1880s-1890s, 1 volume: contains a necrology for Osage Mission, 1852-1887; a history of St. Stephen's Mission, Wyoming, 1884-1894; and an historical account of Jesuit missions, 1883

6. "Status Animarum of the Western Missions," 1870, 1 folder

7. "Notes on Indian Customs" and "Anecdotes," undated, 1 folder

8. "Record of the Sodality of the Immaculate Heart of Mary," 1865, 1867, undated, 3 volumes

e. School records, 1870-1892, 3 volumes:

1. Articles of incorporation and minutes of board meetings, St. Francis Institute for Indian Boys, 1871-1892, 1 volume

2. Student enrollment record, St. Francis Institute, 1887-1889, 1 volume

3. Constitution and minutes of meetings, Philalethic Society of St. Francis Institute, 1887-1891, 1 volume

f. Financial records, 1868-1892, .2 cubic foot:

1. Cash book, St. Francis Institute, 1882-1891, 1 volume

2. Ledgers, St. Francis Institute, 1870-1887, 2 volumes

3. Receipts and cancelled notes, 1868-1892, 1 folder

g. Deeds and other documents relating to land transactions, 1868-1891, 38 items

h. "Maps, Surveys, Plats," 1871, 1877, 1881, undated, 9 items

i. "Historical Accounts," 1870, 1872-1874, 1889, undated, 1 folder: includes a “Guide for Missionaries,” by Rev. Paul Ponziglione, S.J., 1874; and a record of missionary stations and churches among the Osage Indians from 1847-1870 by Rev. Paul Ponziglione, S.J.

7. "Rocky Mountain Missions," 1850-1941, undated, 2 folders:

a. Correspondence, 1850, 1865, 1870-1871, 1907, 1914, undated, 12 letters: major correspondent is Rev. Francis X. Kuppens, S.J.

b. Historical notes and publications, 1865, 1888, 1906, 1925, 1930, 1941, 1 folder

8. "St. Francis Mission, South Dakota," 1884-1949, undated, 3 folders:

a. Correspondence, 1912, 1 letter

b. "Historia Domus, Litterae Annuae," 1884-1896, 1898-1906, 1913-1916, 1942- 1945, 1 folder: in Latin

c. Sioux Chieftain, 1934-1936, 1949: School publication

d. Pamphlets and articles on Camp De Smet, 1920s-1930s, 1 folder

e. Photographs, 1896, 1912-1913, 1916-1917, 1920, 1923, 1926-1929, 19311934, 1936, 1945, undated, 102 photos

9. "St. Mary Mission, Kansas," 1832-1925, undated, 3.1 cubic feet:

a. Correspondence, 1852, 1857-1858, 1862, 1864, 1866, 1869-1870, undated, 23 letters: major correspondents include Rev. John Schultz, Rev. Pierre-Jean de Smet, S.J., and Rev. John B. Druyts, S.J.

b. "Historia Domus, Litterae Annuae, Status Temporalis, and Fructus Ministerii," 1850, 1862-1871, 1877-1910, 1 folder: in Latin

c. Diaries and histories, 1838-1925, undated, 1 cubic foot:

1. Diary of Rev. Christian Hoecken, S.J., 1838, 1848-1850, 1 volume: translated and annotated by Rev. J.J. O'Meara

2. Diary of Rev. Maurice Gailland, S.J., 1850-1871, 1 volume: translated and annotated by Rev. J.J. O'Meara, S.J.

3. Diary, 1848-1849, 1877-1887, 1 volume: created by Rev. Maurice Gailland, S.J. and others

4. "House Diary," 1854-1862, 1 volume

5. "History of Immaculate Conception Church," by Rev. Christian Hoecken, S.J., 1838, 1 volume: translated and annotated by Rev. J.J. O'Meara, S.J.

6. "History of St. Mary's Mission among the Potawatomi," by Rev. Maurice Gailland, S.J., 1853, 69 pages: in Latin and English

7. "History of St. Mary's Mission among the Potawatomi, 1860-1865," undated, 12 pages: author unidentified; in Latin

8. "St. Mary's Potawatomi Mission at Sugar Creek and on the Kaw River, Kansas," by Rev. Francis X. Kuppens, S.J., ca. 1865, 27 pages

9. "St. Mary's Potawatomi Missions at Sugar Creek and at St. Marys on the Kansas River, Kansas," by Rev. Francis X. Kuppens, S.J., undated, 38 pages: in English

10. "Father Kuppen's sketch of Catholic religion in Kansas earliest days," undated, 33 pages

11. "The Jesuits in the Kaw Valley: An Account of the Missionary and Educational Work of the Jesuits of St. Marys, Kansas," by Rev. John F. O'Connor, 1925, 727 typed pages

d. Osage and Potawatomi Indian language records, 1844-1866, undated, 1 cubic foot: includes most prominently:

1."A Complete English-Potawatomi Dictionary," undated, 433 pages: by Rev. Maurice Gailland, S.J.; also includes the language notes and notebooks Rev. Gailland generated in creating the dictionary

2. "Grammar of the Potawatomi Language," by Rev. Maurice Gailland, S.J., undated, 2 volumes

3. Potawatomi prayer books, 1844, 1846, 1866, 3 volumes: created by Rev. Maurice Gailland and Rev. Christian Hoecken, S.J.

4. Potawatomi catechisms, 1847, 1848, undated, 3 volumes: by Rev. Christian Hoecken, S.J.

5. "Osage-English Dictionary," by Rev. John Schoenmakers, S.J., undated, 100 pages

e. Sacramental records, 1832-1887, .75 cubic foot:

1. "Rev. Charles F. Van Quickenborne's Register," 1832-1834, 1 volume: baptisms and marriages"Westport Register," 1839-1845, 1 volume: baptisms and marriages

2. "Kickapoo and Council Bluffs Register," 1835-1839, 39 pages: baptisms and marriages

3. Marriages, 1836-1882, 1 volume: various places, including St. Marys, Kansas; Montana; and the Dakotas

4. Sugar Creek and St. Mary Missions, 1838-1887, 9 volumes

f. School records, 1858-1894, 3 volumes: register of students

g. Deeds, 1862-1863, 1870, 1 folder

10. "St. Stephen Mission, Wyoming," 1885-1973, undated, .75 cubic foot:

a. Correspondence, 1885-1891, 1925, 1928, 1930-1973, .7 cubic foot: major correspondents include Rev. Paul M. Ponziglione, S.J., Rev. Francis X. Kuppens, S.J., Rev. A.J. Keel, S.J., Rev. George Pendergast, S.J., Rev. John P. Flannigan, S.J., Rev. Earl J. Kurth, S.J., Rev. Lewis B. O'Neil, S.J., Rev. Albert Zuercher, S.J., Rev. Joseph Zuercher, S.J., Provincial Rev. John P. Frieden, S.J., Provincial Rev. Peter Brooks, S.J., Provincial Rev. Linus Thro, S.J., and Provincial Rev. Gerald R. Sheahan, S.J.

b. Microfilm, [1886-1988], undated, 10 reels: by Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin; see guide entry for Marquette University. Archives and Special Collections, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

c. Photographs, 1927, 1937-1938, 1940, 1942, undated, 57 prints

B. "Individual Jesuits," 1823-ca.1922, undated; .7 cubic foot; arranged alphabetically by surname.

1."Duerinck, J.B., S.J.," 1854, 1 letter: from St. Mary Mission, Kansas

2."Digmann, Florentine, S.J.," ca.1922, 400 pages: autobiography beginning with his birth in 1846 and “History of St. Francis Mission,” Rosebud Reservation

3. "Gailland, Maurice, S.J.," 1850-1851, 1858, 1863, 1870, 1872-1873, 9 letters: from St. Mary Mission, Kansas; 4 letters to Rev. Pierre-Jean de Smet, S.J.

4. "Hoecken, Christian, S.J.," 1842, 1851, 2 letters

5. "Kuppens, F.X., S.J.," 1890, 6 letters: from St. Stephen Mission, Wyoming

6. "Ponziglione, Paul, S.J.," 1847-1900, undated, .5 cubic foot:

a. Correspondence, 1848-1851, 1854, 1857-1858, 1860, 1863, 1865, 1872, 1886, 1888, 1891-1892, 1894, 1 folder: from Osage Mission, Kansas, and St. Stephen Mission, Wyoming

b. Diary, 1892-1900, 1 notebook

c. Autobiography, 1870s, 2 notebooks: cover period from 1847-1877

d. Sermon notes and religious exercises, undated, 7 notebooks

e. Historical notes and biographical sketches, 1847-1860, 1871, 1896, undated, 2 folders: includes biographical sketches of Pere Jacques Marquette, S.J. and Rev. Charles F. Van Quickenborne, S.J. and Rev. Christian Hoecken, S.J.

7. "Schoenmakers, John, S.J.," 1865, 1 letter to Rev. Pierre-Jean de Smet, S.J.

8. "Van Quickenborne, Charles, S.J.," 1823-1837, undated, 2 folders:

a. Correspondence, 1823-1824, 1831, 1836, 6 letters

b. Biographical sketches of Rev. Van Quickenborne, S.J. by Rev. Pierre-Jean de Smet, S.J., undated, 14 pages and by Rev. Peter Verhaegen, S.J., 1837

9. "Verhaegen, Peter," 1837-1838, 1841, 1847, 1849, 1861, 1 folder of correspondence

10. "Verreydt, Felix, S.J.," Memoirs, undated, 300 pages: discusses the Kickapoo Mission, St. Joseph Mission, Council Bluffs, and the Sugar Creek Mission

C. "De Smetiana" [Rev. Pierre-Jean de Smet, S.J., Collection], 1821-1923, undated; 5 cubic feet; all correspondence is indexed chronologically and alphabetically by author or recipient of the letter.

1. "Letters (loose) received by Father De Smet, S.J.," 1833-1873, .5 cubic foot.

2. "Bound volume of letters received chiefly by Rev. Pierre-Jean de Smet, S.J., marked on back Missionary Letters," 1841-1860, 276 pages

3. "Volume: of letters stamped on back 'Litterae Patentes and S.J.,' being chiefly official documents from civil and ecclesiastical authorities," 1833-1859, 100 pages

4. "Letters (loose) written by Father De Smet, S.J., arranged in folders according to date," 1834-1872, 1 folder

5. "Bound volumes of historical sketches, maps, pictures, and handwritten copies of letters," 1821-1872, 9 volumes

6. "Bound letterpress volumes containing copies of Father De Smet's (and of some others') letters," 1850-1873, 16 volumes

7. "Historical sketches by Father De Smet, S.J.," 1821-1854, 1868, 6 items

8. "Other unbound Mss. of Father De Smet, S.J.," 1832-1872, undated, 8 items

9. "Biographical data concerning Father De Smet, S.J.," 1872-1873, 1878, 1887, 1898, 1902, 1914, undated, 12 folders

10. "Pictures of Father De Smet, S.J.," 1840-1870, 1 folder

11. "Pictures of places and scenes associated with Father De Smet, S.J.; printed maps of his travels," 1850-1920, 1 folder

12. "Flat objects and pictures of things that belonged to or were in some way associated with Father De Smet, S.J.," 1860-1923, 1 cubic foot

 

/4 New York Province Archives

Inclusive dates: 1820s-2014

Volume: Unknown 

Description: Holdings believed to include records pertaining to the following missions, parishes, and shrine with Native American parishioners or pertaining to Native Americans:

A. Kansas, Kickapoo Mission and School, correspondence, 1823-1840; several letters

B. Missouri, Florissant; correspondence, 19th century, several letters

C. New York, Auriesville, North American Martyrs Shrine, 1870s-2010s, unknown

D. New York, Hogansburg/ St. Regis, St. Regis Mission, 1940s-2000s, unknown

E. New York, New York City, Manhattan, St. Aloysius Church, 1990s-2010s, unknown

F. New York, New York City, Manhattan, St. Charles Borromeo Church, 1990s-2010s, unknown

 

/5 Oregon Province Archives

Inclusive dates: 1841-2016, undated

Volume: ca. 800 cubic feet and 125 reels of microfilm

Description:

A. “Oregon Province Archives of the Society of Jesus: Alaska Mission Collection,” 1887-1955; ca. 275 cubic feet and 42 reels of microfilm; see published guide to the microfilm collection, 1980.

B. "Oregon Province Archives of the Society of Jesus: Pacific Northwest Tribes Missions Collection,” 1853-1960; ca. 250 cubic feet and 34 reels of microfilm; see published guide to the microfilm collection, 1987.

C. "Oregon Province Archives of the Society of Jesus Indian Language Collection: The Alaska Native Languages,” 1841-1977, undated; ca. 150 cubic feet and 28 reels of microfilm; see published guide to the microfilm collection, 1976.

D. "Oregon Province Archives of the Society of Jesus Indian Language Collection: The Pacific Northwest Tribes,” 1841-1977, undated; ca. 125 cubic feet and 21 reels of microfilm; see published guide to the microfilm collection, 1976.

 

/6 Wisconsin Province Archives

Inclusive dates: ca. 1955-2014

Volume: ca. 2 cubic feet

Description: Holdings includes records on individual Jesuits who served in these missions and ministries among Native Americans:

A. Holy Rosary Mission/Red Cloud Indian School, Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota

B. St. Francis Mission, Rosebud Reservation, South Dakota;

C. St. Isaac Jogues Church and Mother Butler Center, Rapid City, South Dakota

D. St. Stephen’s Mission, Wind River Reservation, Wyoming

E. Sioux Spiritual Center, Plainview, South Dakota

 

/7 General: Woodstock Letters

Inclusive dates: 1872-1969

Volume: Occasional letters about Native Americans and Jesuit missionaries among them within 99 volumes (items)

Description: Letters to/from Jesuits in the U.S. and Canada and elsewhere. Online.

 

Unless noted otherwise, the repository named above holds (or held) the records described and not the Marquette University Archives. However, Marquette’s holdings, e.g. Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records, include related records about these Native and Catholic groups and places.

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