GUIDE TO CATHOLIC RECORDS ABOUT NATIVE AMERICANS IN THE U.S.
Volume 4: Outside United States
Manitoba, Canada: MB-1
Catholic Church. Archdiocese of Saint Boniface. Chancery
l'Église catholique. Archidiocèse de Sainte-Boniface. Chancellerie
151 de la Cathédrale Avenue
Saint Boniface, MB R2H 0H6 Canada
Email: See website (Discover Us: Chancery)
History: In 1844, Sainte-Boniface was erected as the Vicariate Apostolic of Nord-Ouest (North-West) from portions of the Archdiocese of Quebec. In 1847 and 1871 respectively, Nord-Ouest was elevated to the Diocese and Archdiocese of Sainte-Boniface. Nord-Ouest and Quebec administered the following Catholic missions in the United States that served Native Americans:
1818-1823 (closed) (Nord-Ouest, 1844)
St. Francis Xavier School (Ojibwa, Métis), Pembina, North Dakota/ Dakota Territory/ Manitoba Territory
1821-1823 (closed) (Nord-Ouest, 1844)
St. Francis Xavier Church (Ojibwa, Métis), Pembina, North Dakota/ Dakota Territory/ Manitoba Territory
1834-1870s (no longer Native) (Nord-Ouest, 1844-1846)
Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Church (Ojibwa, Métis), Pembina, North Dakota/ Dakota Territory/ Manitoba Territory
Holding of Catholic records about Native Americans in the United States:
Inclusive dates: 1815-1880, 1908, undated
Volume: Possibly 1 cubic foot or more
Description: Overall holdings of Catholic records about Native Americans in the United States are unknown. However, U.S. repositories cite record copies of the following five record types from the Sainte-Boniface Archdiocesan Archives:
/1 Bishop’s Papers
Inclusive dates: 1861-1868
Volume: 1 folder?
Description: Bishop Alexander-Antonine Taché (1823-1894), O.M.I. [Oblates of Mary Immaculate]: correspondence from Rev. Jean Baptiste Genin and other missionaries, re: Métis and Ojibwa Indians in Pembina and the Red River Valley, Dakota Territory; majority in French.
Inclusive dates: Between 1815-1880
Volume: Possibly 1,000 pages
Description: re: Métis and Ojibwa Indians in Pembina and the Red River Valley, Manitoba-North Dakota; majority in French; major correspondents include Archbishop Joseph-Octave Plessis of Québec, Bishop Alexander-Antonine Taché, O.M.I. [Oblates of Mary Immaculate] of Sainte-Boniface, Father Severe Joseph Nicholas Dumoulin, Father Joseph Norbert Provencher, Father Georges Antoine Belcourt, Father Joseph Goiffon, Father J. Lafleche, Father Lawrence Simonet, Father Jean Baptiste M. Genin, O.M.I. [Oblates of Mary Immaculate], and Joseph Rolette. Also includes historical notes by Father Julius Belleau and biographies of Father Joseph Goiffon and Father Georges Belcourt; from the Archdiocesan Archives of Saint-Boniface and/or Québec.
/3 Sacramental Records
Inclusive dates: 1858-1862
Volume: 1 register
Description: Sacramental (baptismal) records for Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Mission, Pembina, North Dakota by Rev. Joseph Goiffon; from the Archdiocesan Archives of either Québec or Saint-Boniface.
/4 Linguistic Records
Inclusive dates: undated
Volume: 1 folder?
Description: French-Ojibwa dictionary compiled by Rev. Georges Antoine Belcourt; arranged alphabetically by words in French followed by Ojibwa equivalents.
/5 Biographical Records
Inclusive dates: 1908, undated
Volume: 1 folder? (31 pages)
Description: Autobiography by Rev. Joseph Goiffon.
Unless noted otherwise, the repository named above holds (or held) the records described and not the Marquette University Archives. However, Marquette’s holdings, e.g. Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records, include related records about these Native and Catholic groups and places.