GUIDE TO CATHOLIC RECORDS ABOUT NATIVE AMERICANS IN THE U.S.
Volume 2: Midwest United States
Society of the Sacred Heart. United States Province. Archives
4537 West Pine Boulevard
St. Louis, MO 63108
Email: See website
Hours: See website
Copying facilities: Yes
History: Founded in France, 1800, the Society of the Sacred Heart made its first U.S. foundation, 1818. Saint Rose Philippine Duchesne (1769-1852), R.S.C.J., and the sisters of the Society of the Sacred Heart self-identified with the post-nominal initials, “R.S.C.J.,” and taught at the following Native American schools:
Female Indian School (Potawatomi, various), Florissant, Missouri
Sugar Creek Mission School for Indian Girls (Potawatomi), Kansas
St. Mary Mission School (Potawatomi), St. Marys, Kansas
Sister Carol Putnam, R.S.C.J. (and Reverend Frank O’Loughlin) established Hope Rural School (Maya), Indiantown, Florida
Holdings of Catholic records about Native Americans:
Inclusive dates: 1841-1879, 1920s-1960s, undated
Volume: .4 cubic foot
Description: 3 series:
/1 "The Society in General"
Inclusive dates: 1841-1879
Volume: .1 cubic foot
Description: Contains Catalogs of the Sacred Heart, which list personnel at the Native schools staffed by the congregation.
/2 "The Five Provinces - St. Louis"
Inclusive dates: 1841-1879, 1926, undated
Volume: .2 cubic foot
1. Annual letters, 1841-1879, 60 pages: yearly accounts with chronicles and occasional copies of correspondence, personnel lists, and short biographies of deceased religious
2. "Journal of Mother Philippine Duchesne, 1818-1840," undated, 94 pages: abridged, handwritten copy, created by an unidentified individual; in French, with English translations
3. "Journal" of the Sacred Heart Convent, 1841-1879, 71 pages: handwritten in French by various sisters; contains information on the Sugar Creek and St. Mary Mission schools; entries for 1840s and 1870s more detailed than those for 1850s-1860s
4. "Journal of the Foundation of the Mission at Sugar Creek," by Mother Lucile Mathevon, R.S.C.J., undated, 16 handwritten pages
5. Description of the journey to Sugar Creek Mission in 1841 by Mother Lucile Mathevon, R.S.C.J., undated, 4 handwritten pages in French: part of the document is missing
6. "Account of the Foundation among the Potawatomies," undated, 19 handwritten pages in English: author unidentified
7. "Account of St. Marys, Kansas," by Mother Elizabeth Schroeder, R.S.C.J., undated, 17 handwritten pages in English, pertains to 1856-1879
8. "Council Book," 1871-1879, 27 pages: minutes of meetings of the council or governing body at St. Marys, Kansas
9. "Register of the Religious of St. Marys, Kansas," begun in 1877, 10 pages: includes biographical information on mission personnel
10. "Lucile Mathevon," by Celeste Thompson, 1926, 1 volume: M.A. thesis, University of Chicago
/3 “Special Collection, Sister Louise Callan”
Inclusive dates: 1920s-1960s
Volume: .1 cubic foot
Description: Primarily correspondence (copies) and notes collected or created by Sister Louise Callan, R.S.C.J., for three projects:
1. History of The Society of the Sacred Heart in North America, published 1937
2. Philippine Duchesne, Frontier Missionary of the Sacred Heart, published 1957
3. Biography of Mother Lucile Mathevon, R.S.C.J., not completed; includes a letter from Mother Ellen Craney, R.S.C.J., who lived at St. Marys, Kansas, as a youth and described her memories of the mission and school.
/4 Hope Rural School, Indiantown, Florida: Holdings unknown.
Unless noted otherwise, the repository named above holds (or held) the records described and not the Marquette University Archives. However, Marquette’s holdings, e.g. Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records, include related records about these Native and Catholic groups and places.