GUIDE TO CATHOLIC RECORDS ABOUT NATIVE AMERICANS IN THE U.S.
Volume 2: Midwest United States
Oklahoma: OK-29

Immaculate Conception Church
1314 Lynn Avenue
Pawhuska, OK 74056

Phone: 918-287-1414
Email: See Tulsa diocesan website (parish finder)

 

History: Immaculate Conception Church, Pawhuska, Osage Nation, Oklahoma, has been a predominantly Native American (Osage) parish in the Diocese of Tulsa (Archives: Broken Arrow, Oklahoma).

1887-1893

Benedictines (Archives: Shawnee, Oklahoma) established and administered Immaculate Conception Church (Osage), Pawhuska, Osage Nation

1887-1915

Sisters of St. Francis of Philadelphia (Archives: Ashton, Pennsylvania) established and staffed St. Louis Girls Boarding School (e.g. Osage, Cherokee, Quapaw, Potawatomi), Pawhuska

1889

Fire destroyed St. Louis School, which was rebuilt and reopened the same year

1893-1972

Oklahoma City diocesan priests administered Immaculate Conception

1901-1913 (closed)

Sisters of St. Francis of Philadelphia established and staffed St. Louis Girls Day School (e.g. Osage, Cherokee, Quapaw, Potawatomi), Pawhuska

1915-1942

Sisters of Loretto (Archives: Nerinx, Kentucky) staffed St. Louis Girls Boarding School

1922-1942

Sisters of Loretto established and staffed Immaculate Conception Day School

1942-1949 (closed)

Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament for Indians and Colored People (Archives: Wynnewood, Pennsylvania) staffed St. Louis School

1942-1969 (closed)

Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament staffed Immaculate Conception School

1972-present

Tulsa diocesan priests have administered Immaculate Conception

Benedictines and Oklahoma City diocesan priests at Immaculate Conception have attended to the following Native American missions and stations in Oklahoma:

1887-1888 (transferred to St. Elizabeth's, Purcell)

Kiowa and Comanche Reservation station (Kiowa, Comanche), Caddo, Comanche, Cotton, Grady, Kiowa, Jefferson, Kiowa, Stephens, Tillman, and Washita Counties

1887-1889 (transferred to St. Mary's, Guthrie, and St. Joseph's, Oklahoma City)

Iowa Reservation station (Iowa), Lincoln, Logan, Oklahoma, and Payne Counties

1887-1889 (transferred to Quapaw Agency)

Peoria Reservation station (Peoria), Ottawa County

 

1887-1889 (transferred to St. Mary's, Guthrie, and St. Joseph's, Oklahoma City)

Otoe Reservation station (Otoe), Noble County

1887-1889 (transferred to Quapaw Agency)

Ottawa Reservation station (Ottawa), Ottawa County

1887-1889 (transferred to St. Mary's, Guthrie, and St. Joseph's, Oklahoma City)

Pawnee Reservation station (Pawnee), Noble, Pawnee, and Payne Counties

1887-1889 (transferred to St. Mary's, Guthrie, and St. Joseph's, Oklahoma City)

Ponca Reservation station (Ponca), Kay and Noble Counties

1887-1889 (became a mission)

Hominy Creek station (Osage), Osage Nation

1887-1893 (transferred to St. John's, Gray Horse)

Kaw Reservation station (Kansa), Kay County

1889-1908 (closed)

Caney Creek station (Osage), Osage Nation

1895-1921 (transferred to Sacred Heart, Skiatook)

Hominy station (Osage), Osage Nation

1889-1906 (became a parish) (no longer Native)

St. John Mission (Cherokee), Bartlesville, Washington County, Cherokee Nation

1889 (became a parish)

St. John Mission (Osage), Gray Horse/ Hominy Creek, Osage Nation

1900-1906 (closed)

Dewey station (Cherokee), Washington County, Cherokee Nation

1900-1921 (transferred to Sacred Heart, Skiatook)

Big Heart Settlement station (Osage), Osage Nation

1904-1905 (became a mission)

Cleveland station (Pawnee), Pawnee County

1904-1906 (transferred to St. John’s, Gray Horse)

Fairfax station (Osage), Osage Nation

1904-1906 (closed)

Skiatook station (Osage), Osage Nation

1904-1906 (closed)

Washunga station (Kansa), Kay County

1905-1906 (transferred to St. John’s, Bartlesville)

St. Joseph Mission (Pawnee), Cleveland

1906-1913 (transferred to St. John’s, Pawnee)

Foraker station (Osage), Osage Nation

1911-1913 (transferred to St. John’s, Pawnee)

St. Joseph Mission (Pawnee), Cleveland

1912-1921 (transferred to Sacred Heart, Skiatook)

Avant station (Osage), Osage Nation

1912-1921 (became a parish)

Skiatook station (Osage), Osage Nation

1915-1921 (transferred to Sacred Heart, Skiatook)

St. Joseph Mission (Pawnee), Cleveland

1915-1925 (transferred to Sacred Heart, Fairfax)

Immaculate Conception Mission (Osage), Foraker, Osage Nation

1915-1925 (transferred to Sacred Heart, Fairfax)

Burbank station (Osage), Osage Nation

1915-1925 (transferred to Sacred Heart, Fairfax)

Shidler station (Osage), Osage Nation

1926-1930 (became a mission)

Hominy station (Osage), Osage Nation

1930-1949 (became a parish)

St. Joseph Mission (Osage), Hominy, Osage Nation

1932-1949 (transferred to St. Joseph’s Hominy)

St. Joseph Mission (Pawnee), Cleveland

1980-present

St. Mary Mission (Osage), Barnsdell, Osage Nation

 

Holdings of Catholic records about Native Americans:

Inclusive dates: 1887-ongoing

Volume: 2 cubic feet

Description: The records at Immaculate Conception Church were not organized according to a classification scheme when reviewed by a Marquette University archivist, 1980. Consequently, the description is by record type.

 

 /1 Sacramental records

Inclusive dates: 1887-1908, 1922-ongoing

Volume: 9 volumes

Description: For Immaculate Conception Church and its Native missions and stations; baptisms, 1887-1808, 1925-ongoing, marriages, 1887-1907, 1922-ongoing, deaths, 1925-ongoing, first communions, 1895, 1898, 1925-ongoing, and confirmations, 1895-1900, 1925-ongoing; baptismal and death records for 1908-1925 were lost in a flood

 

/2 School records

Inclusive dates: 1887-1965

Volume: 1 cubic foot

Description: Student files for St. Louis and Immaculate Conception Schools, alphabetically arranged; majority are "permanent record" cards, one for each student, which include the following information: name, age, parents, residence, attendance, grades, and when entered, graduated, or transferred; according to a note in the files, record cards of students attending the schools before 1942 were "compiled from data on old attendance records; many are incomplete"; beginning in the 1960s student records are more complete 

 

/3 Subject file

Inclusive dates: 1930-present (most 1960s)

Volume: .3 cubic foot

Description: Alphabetically arranged; noteworthy files include "Indian," containing correspondence, 1930s-present, between the priests at Pawhuska, the bishops of Oklahoma City, and the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions; deeds and wills and financial reports, 1960-present

 

Unless noted otherwise, the repository named above holds (or held) the records described and not the Marquette University Archives. However, Marquette’s holdings, e.g. Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records, include related records about these Native and Catholic groups and places.

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