GUIDE TO CATHOLIC RECORDS ABOUT NATIVE AMERICANS IN THE U.S.
Volume 3: Western United States
Texas: TX-31

Catholic Church. Archdiocese of San Antonio. Archives
2718 West Woodlawn Avenue
P.O. Box 28410
San Antonio, TX 78228

Phone: 210-734-1959
Email: archive@archsa.org

 

Hours: See website

Access: See website

Copying facilities: Yes 

 

History: San Antonio was erected as a diocese from territory in the Diocese of Galveston, 1874, and elevated to an archdiocese, 1926. San Antonio and its predecessors have administered the following missions, parishes, and schools among Native Americans and persons of Native descent in Texas and adjacent lands in Mexico:

1690/1731-1824, 1915-present (San Antonio, 1874-present) 

San Francisco de la Espada/ San Francisco de los Neches/ Nuestro Padre San Francisco de los Tejas/ San Francisco de los Tejas Mission (Caddo, Coahuiltecan, Mestizos), San Antonio/ Austin/ Alto/ Bowles Creek/ Augusta, Texas

1700-1793 (closed)

San Antonio de Valero [El Alamo]/ San José/ San Francisco Solano/ San Ildefonso Mission (Coahuiltecan), San Antonio, Texas/ San José/ Guerrero/ Zaragosa, Coahuila, Mexico

1716-1819 (closed)

Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de los Hainais Mission (Caddo, Coahuiltecan, Mestizos), San Antonio/ Douglass, Texas

1716-1794, 1876-1920s (San Antonio, 1876-present)

San Juan Capistrano/ San José de los Nazonis Mission (Caddo, Coahuiltecan, Mestizos), San Antonio/ Austin/ Cushing, Texas

1720-1824 (closed)

San José y San Miguel de Aguayo Mission (Apache, Caddo, Coahuiltecan, Karankawa, Mestizos) San Antonio

1722-1830 (closed)

Nuestra Señora del Espíritu Santo de Zúñiga (La Bahía) Mission (Karankawa), Mission Valley/ Matagorda Bay

1731-present (San Antonio, 1876-present)

San Fernando Cathedral/ Church (Coahuiltecan, Mestizos), San Antonio

1754-1781, 1789-1807 (closed)

Nuestra Señora del Rosario Mission (Karankawa), Goliad County

1793-1830 (closed)

Nuestra Señora del Refugio Mission (Karankawa), Refugio/ Mosquito Creek/ Long Mott

1852-present

St. Mary’s University/ St. Mary’s Institute (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), San Antonio

1852-present

Central Catholic High School/ St. Mary’s Institute (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), San Antonio

1857-present

St. Mary Church (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), San Antonio

1881-present

Incarnate Word High School (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), San Antonio

1903-present

St. Anthony High School (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), San Antonio

1910-present

St. John Berchmans Church (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), San Antonio

1925-present

St. Anthony de Padua Church (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), San Antonio

1957-present

Holy Cross High School (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), San Antonio

1912-present

St. John Bosco Church (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), Natalie

1939-present

St. Mary Magdalen Church (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), San Antonio

1955-present

St. Gregory the Great Church (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), San Antonio

1955-present

St. Margaret Mary Church (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), San Antonio

1956-1964

Blessed Sacrament Church (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), San Antonio

1957-present

Holy Cross High School (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), San Antonio

1957-present

St. Pius X Church (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), San Antonio

1960s-present (Native descent)

St. Peter, Prince of the Apostles Church (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), San Antonio

1959-present

St. Luke Church (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), San Antonio

1959-present

St. Monica Church (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), Converse

1964-present

Antonian College Preparatory High School (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), Castle Hills

1964-present

Holy Spirit Church (e.g. Coahuiltecan Mestizos), San Antonio

1970-present (San Antonio, 1970-2000; transferred to Laredo Diocese)

Our Lady of Refuge Church (Kickapoo), Eagle Pass

 

Holdings of Catholic records about Native Americans:

Inclusive dates: 1703-present 

Volume: Over 8 cubic feet 

Description: Within 7 collections and/or series. For sacramental records, contact the parish where the sacrament was performed.

 

/1 Bishop’s Papers

Inclusive dates: 1980s 

Volume: Ca. .1 cubic foot

Description: Correspondence of Archbishop Patrick Fernández Flores (1929- ), re: establishment of reservation for Kickapoo Indians, Eagle Pass, Texas.

 

/2 “San Fernando Cathedral Records”

Inclusive dates: 1703-1824

Volume: Several entries

Description: Sacramental records (e.g. baptisms, marriages, burials) for parishioners of Native American descent of San Fernando Cathedral and its attended missions: 

A. San Antonio de Valero (El Alamo) Mission, San Antonio, Texas, 1703-ca. 1803

B. San Carlos Mission, Vallecillo, Nuevo Leon, Mexico, 1788-1823

C. San Fernando Cathedral, San Antonio, Texas, 1761-1911 d. San José y San Miguel de Aguayo Mission, San Antonio, Texas, 1777-1824

 

/3 “San Fernando Historical Collection”

Inclusive dates: 1703-1877

Volume: .4 cubic foot and 3 reels of microfilm

Description: Arranged numerically by book number; Sacramental records (e.g. baptisms, marriages, burials) for parishioners of Native American descent

A. Book 1: San Antonio de Valero Mission [El Alamo] [San Francisco Solano], San Antonio, baptisms, 1703-1783; marriages and prenuptial inquiries (also military), 1709-1825; burials, 1710-1782 (includes some transcripts from a previous volume, 1722-1724); noted as “Indian” without further ethnic description

B. Book 2: Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña Mission, San Antonio, marriages, 1731-1790; San José y San Miguel de Aguayo Mission, San Antonio, combined book, baptisms, 1777-1823, marriages, 1795-1822, burials, 1781-1824

C. Book Combined 2: San Fernando Cathedral, San Antonio, combined book, baptisms, 1731-1753, confirmations, 1759, marriages, 1742-1760, deaths, 1744-1760

D. Book 3: San Fernando Cathedral, San Antonio, baptisms, 1761-1793, baptism index, 1800-1877

E. Book 4: San Fernando Cathedral, San Antonio, baptisms, 1793-1812

 

/4 “Camargo Historical Records Collection”

Inclusive dates: 1755-1880

Volume: Ca. 2 cubic feet and 5 reels of microfilm

Description: Diligencias matrimoniales [prenuptial investigations] believed mostly from Santa Ana de Camargo Mission (Coahuiltecan and Mestizos), Camargo, Coahuila, Mexico and the attended communities of Camargo, Reynosa, Mier, Vitoria, Monterrey, Saltillo, Mexico and Bexar, Texas, arranged chronologically; in Spanish. 

 

/5 “Old Spanish Missions Collection”

Inclusive dates: 1751-2000, undated

Volume: Ca. 6 cubic feet

Description: Records of the Archdiocesan Office of Old Spanish Missions, which are divided into 2 parts.

A. Part 1—General books, clippings, correspondence, ephemera, reports, and speeches arranged alphabetically by topic or document type and there under chronologically

B. Part 2—Ephemera and books arranged by the headings, “[San Antonio] Missions National Park,” general mission materials, “[La Purisima] Concepción Mission,” “[San Francisco de la] Espada Mission,” “San José [y Miguel] Mission,” and “San Juan [Capistrano] Mission;” thereunder, the arrangement is alphabetical by topic or document type and chronological order; re: archeology, history, restoration, and 20th century events at the San Antonio missions, which included local Native American descendants

 

/6 Diocesan Newspaper

Inclusive dates: 1972-present

Volume: Few articles

Description: Today’s Catholic, http://www.satodayscatholic.com/, includes occasional articles relating to Native Americans, Catholic evangelization, and the San Antonio missions.

 

Unless noted otherwise, the repository named above holds (or held) the records described and not the Marquette University Archives. However, Marquette’s holdings, e.g. Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records, include related records about these Native and Catholic groups and places.

new2006/rev2018

Archival materials from the Raynor Memorial Libraries


Marquette Archives