Volume 2: Midwest United States
Wisconsin: WI-15

St. Michael Church
N816 Highway 47/55
P.O. Box 610
Keshena, WI 54135

Phone: 715-799-3811


History: St. Michael Church, Keshena, Menominee Nation, Wisconsin, has been a predominantly Native American (Menominee) parish in the Diocese of Green Bay (Archives: Green Bay, Wisconsin).


French Jesuits (Archives: Vanves, France, and Montreal, Canada) visited the Menominee Indians in the Green Bay, Menominee River, and Oconto River areas


Rev. Gabriel Richard, a Cincinnati diocesan priest from St. Anne Church, Detroit, Michigan, visited the Menominee Indians in the Green Bay area


Rev. Joseph Badin, a Cincinnati diocesan priest from St. Joseph Church, Pokagon, Michigan, visited the Menominee Indians in the Green Bay area


Rev. P.S. DeJean, a Cincinnati diocesan priest from Arbre Croche, Michigan, visited the Menominee Indians in the Green Bay area


Rev. Samuel Mazzuchelli, O.P.[Dominicans], and other Dominicans, and Redemptorists from St. John the Evangelist Church, Green Bay, visited the nearby Menominee Indians

1831-ca. 1836

An Indian School in Green Bay served the Menominee Indians


St. John Neopomucene Church and School, Little Chute, served the Menominee Indians


Rev. Florimond J. Bonduel, a Milwaukee diocesan priest, established and administered St. Francis Xavier Mission and School (Menominee), Lake Poygan, a temporary reservation


The Menominee Indians moved temporarily to the Oconto River


Rev. Otto Skolla, a Milwaukee diocesan priest, established and administered St. Michael Mission (Menominee), Keshena/ Wolf River, Menominee Reservation


Capuchins (unknown) attended St. Michael's intermittently

Ca. 1869-1872

Green Bay diocesan priests attended St. Michael's from parishes at Duck Creek, New London, and Oconto


Became a parish; resident Green Bay diocesan priests administered St. Michael's Church


Franciscans (Sacred Heart Province) (Archives: St. Louis, Missouri) administered St. Michael’s

1881-1980 (closed)

Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet (St. Louis Province) (Archives: St. Louis, Missouri) established and staffed St. Joseph’s School (Menominee, Oneida, Stockbridge)


Green Bay diocesan priests have administered St. Michael’s


Parishioners founded and maintain a Kateri circle prayer group

Green Bay diocesan priests, 1876-1880, and Franciscans, 1880-1980, from St. Michael's attended the following missions and stations among the Menominee and Stockbridge Indians:

1876-1954 (closed)

Our Lady of the Woods/ St. Mary of the Woods/ Our Lady of Sorrows Mission (Menominee), Kenepoway/ West Branch, Menominee Reservation

1874-before 2000 (closed)

St. Joseph of the Lake Mission (Menominee), Little Oconto/ South Branch, Menominee Reservation

1882-1894 (became a mission)

Stockbridge Reservation station

1894-1928 (closed)

Holy Angels/ St. Mary Mission (Stockbridge), Red Springs, Stockbridge Reservation

1909-1931 (became a parish)

St. Anthony Mission (Menominee), Neopit, Menominee Reservation


Holdings of Catholic records about Native Americans:

Inclusive dates: 1880-ongoing

Volume: Over 6 cubic feet

Description: The records at St. Michael Church were not arranged according to a classification scheme when reviewed by a Marquette University archivist, 1980. Consequently, the records are described by record type.


/1 Sacramental records

Inclusive dates: 1880-ongoing

Volume: 19 volumes

Description: baptisms, marriages, and deaths, 1880-present; first communions, 1881-present; confirmations, 1882-present; includes St. Joseph of the Lake Mission, Little Oconto/ South Branch, 1877-before 2000, and some baptisms from Immaculate Conception Church, Oneida, 1890-1897  


/2 School records

Inclusive dates: 1883-1980

Volume: 3 cubic feet

Description: Student record cards arranged alphabetically by surname; cards typically include biographical data, attendance, grades, test scores, and "personality evaluations."


/3 Photographs

Inclusive dates: 1930s-ongoing

Volume: Over 160 prints


/4 Parish Bulletin

Inclusive dates: 1957-ongoing

Volume: 1.5 cubic feet


/5 Website

Inclusive dates: 2010-present

Volume: Cumulative

Description: Includes selected content, 2010-present, and weekly bulletins, 2018-present


Unless noted otherwise, the repository named above holds (or held) the records described and not the Marquette University Archives. However, Marquette’s holdings, e.g. Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records, include related records about these Native and Catholic groups and places.