Volume 2: Midwest United States
Wisconsin: WI-15

St. Michael Church
N816 Highway 47/55
P.O. Box 610
Keshena, WI 54135

Phone: 715-799-3811


History: St. Michael Church, Keshena, Menominee Nation, Wisconsin, has been a predominantly Native American (Menominee) parish in the Diocese of Green Bay (Archives: Green Bay, Wisconsin).


French Jesuits (Archives: Vanves, France, and Montreal, Canada) visited the Menominee Indians in the Green Bay, Menominee River, and Oconto River areas


Rev. Gabriel Richard, a Cincinnati diocesan priest from St. Anne Church, Detroit, Michigan, visited the Menominee Indians in the Green Bay area


Rev. Joseph Badin, a Cincinnati diocesan priest from St. Joseph Church, Pokagon, Michigan, visited the Menominee Indians in the Green Bay area


Rev. P.S. DeJean, a Cincinnati diocesan priest from Arbre Croche, Michigan, visited the Menominee Indians in the Green Bay area


Rev. Samuel Mazzuchelli, O.P.[Dominicans], and other Dominicans, and Redemptorists from St. John the Evangelist Church, Green Bay, visited the nearby Menominee Indians

1831-ca. 1836

An Indian School in Green Bay served the Menominee Indians


St. John Neopomucene Church and School, Little Chute, served the Menominee Indians


Rev. Florimond J. Bonduel, a Milwaukee diocesan priest, established and administered St. Francis Xavier Mission and School (Menominee), Lake Poygan, a temporary reservation


The Menominee Indians moved temporarily to the Oconto River


Rev. Otto Skolla, a Milwaukee diocesan priest, established and administered St. Michael Mission (Menominee), Keshena/ Wolf River, Menominee Reservation


Capuchins (unknown) attended St. Michael's intermittently

Ca. 1869-1872

Green Bay diocesan priests attended St. Michael's from parishes at Duck Creek, New London, and Oconto


Became a parish; resident Green Bay diocesan priests administered St. Michael's Church


Franciscans (Sacred Heart Province) (Archives: St. Louis, Missouri) administered St. Michael’s

1881-1980 (closed)

Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet (St. Louis Province) (Archives: St. Louis, Missouri) established and staffed St. Joseph’s School (Menominee, Oneida, Stockbridge)


Green Bay diocesan priests have administered St. Michael’s


Parishioners founded and maintain a Kateri circle prayer group

Green Bay diocesan priests, 1876-1880, and Franciscans, 1880-1980, from St. Michael's attended the following missions and stations among the Menominee and Stockbridge Indians:

1876-1954 (closed)

Our Lady of the Woods/ St. Mary of the Woods/ Our Lady of Sorrows Mission (Menominee), Kenepoway/ West Branch, Menominee Reservation

1874-before 2000 (closed)

St. Joseph of the Lake Mission (Menominee), Little Oconto/ South Branch, Menominee Reservation

1882-1894 (became a mission)

Stockbridge Reservation station

1894-1928 (closed)

Holy Angels/ St. Mary Mission (Stockbridge), Red Springs, Stockbridge Reservation

1909-1931 (became a parish)

St. Anthony Mission (Menominee), Neopit, Menominee Reservation


Holdings of Catholic records about Native Americans:

Inclusive dates: 1880-ongoing

Volume: Over 6 cubic feet

Description: The records at St. Michael Church were not arranged according to a classification scheme when reviewed by a Marquette University archivist, 1980. Consequently, the records are described by record type.


/1 Sacramental records

Inclusive dates: 1880-ongoing

Volume: 19 volumes

Description: baptisms, marriages, and deaths, 1880-present; first communions, 1881-present; confirmations, 1882-present; includes St. Joseph of the Lake Mission, Little Oconto/ South Branch, 1877-before 2000, and some baptisms from Immaculate Conception Church, Oneida, 1890-1897  


/2 School records

Inclusive dates: 1883-1980

Volume: 3 cubic feet

Description: Student record cards arranged alphabetically by surname; cards typically include biographical data, attendance, grades, test scores, and "personality evaluations."


/3 Photographs

Inclusive dates: 1930s-ongoing

Volume: Over 160 prints


/4 Parish Bulletin

Inclusive dates: 1957-ongoing

Volume: 1.5 cubic feet


/5 Website

Inclusive dates: 2010-present

Volume: Cumulative

Description: Includes selected content, 2010-present, and weekly bulletins, 2018-present


Unless otherwise noted, the repository on this page holds (or held) the records described here and they are not held at the Marquette University Archives.