GUIDE TO CATHOLIC RECORDS ABOUT NATIVE AMERICANS IN THE U.S.
Volume 2: Midwest United States
Wisconsin: WI-15

St. Michael Church
N816 Highway 47/55
P.O. Box 610
Keshena, WI 54135

Phone: 715-799-3811
Email: stmichaels@livingwaterslivingfaith.org

 

History: St. Michael Church, Keshena, Menominee Nation, Wisconsin, has been a predominantly Native American (Menominee) parish in the Diocese of Green Bay (Archives: Green Bay, Wisconsin).

1669-1707

French Jesuits (Archives: Vanves, France, and Montreal, Canada) visited the Menominee Indians in the Green Bay, Menominee River, and Oconto River areas

1823

Rev. Gabriel Richard, a Cincinnati diocesan priest from St. Anne Church, Detroit, Michigan, visited the Menominee Indians in the Green Bay area

1825-1828

Rev. Joseph Badin, a Cincinnati diocesan priest from St. Joseph Church, Pokagon, Michigan, visited the Menominee Indians in the Green Bay area

1828

Rev. P.S. DeJean, a Cincinnati diocesan priest from Arbre Croche, Michigan, visited the Menominee Indians in the Green Bay area

1830-1838

Rev. Samuel Mazzuchelli, O.P.[Dominicans], and other Dominicans, and Redemptorists from St. John the Evangelist Church, Green Bay, visited the nearby Menominee Indians

1831-ca. 1836

An Indian School in Green Bay served the Menominee Indians

1836-1843

St. John Neopomucene Church and School, Little Chute, served the Menominee Indians

1843-1852

Rev. Florimond J. Bonduel, a Milwaukee diocesan priest, established and administered St. Francis Xavier Mission and School (Menominee), Lake Poygan, a temporary reservation

1852-1854

The Menominee Indians moved temporarily to the Oconto River

1853-1857

Rev. Otto Skolla, a Milwaukee diocesan priest, established and administered St. Michael Mission (Menominee), Keshena/ Wolf River, Menominee Reservation

1859-1869

Capuchins (unknown) attended St. Michael's intermittently

Ca. 1869-1872

Green Bay diocesan priests attended St. Michael's from parishes at Duck Creek, New London, and Oconto

1872-1880

Became a parish; resident Green Bay diocesan priests administered St. Michael's Church

1880-1980

Franciscans (Sacred Heart Province) (Archives: St. Louis, Missouri) administered St. Michael’s

1881-1980 (closed)

Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet (St. Louis Province) (Archives: St. Louis, Missouri) established and staffed St. Joseph’s School (Menominee, Oneida, Stockbridge)

1980-present

Green Bay diocesan priests have administered St. Michael’s

2010s-present

Parishioners founded and maintain a Kateri circle prayer group

Green Bay diocesan priests, 1876-1880, and Franciscans, 1880-1980, from St. Michael's attended the following missions and stations among the Menominee and Stockbridge Indians:

1876-1954 (closed)

Our Lady of the Woods/ St. Mary of the Woods/ Our Lady of Sorrows Mission (Menominee), Kenepoway/ West Branch, Menominee Reservation

1874-before 2000 (closed)

St. Joseph of the Lake Mission (Menominee), Little Oconto/ South Branch, Menominee Reservation

1882-1894 (became a mission)

Stockbridge Reservation station

1894-1928 (closed)

Holy Angels/ St. Mary Mission (Stockbridge), Red Springs, Stockbridge Reservation

1909-1931 (became a parish)

St. Anthony Mission (Menominee), Neopit, Menominee Reservation

 

Holdings of Catholic records about Native Americans:

Inclusive dates: 1880-ongoing

Volume: Over 6 cubic feet

Description: The records at St. Michael Church were not arranged according to a classification scheme when reviewed by a Marquette University archivist, 1980. Consequently, the records are described by record type.

 

/1 Sacramental records

Inclusive dates: 1880-ongoing

Volume: 19 volumes

Description: baptisms, marriages, and deaths, 1880-present; first communions, 1881-present; confirmations, 1882-present; includes St. Joseph of the Lake Mission, Little Oconto/ South Branch, 1877-before 2000, and some baptisms from Immaculate Conception Church, Oneida, 1890-1897  

 

/2 School records

Inclusive dates: 1883-1980

Volume: 3 cubic feet

Description: Student record cards arranged alphabetically by surname; cards typically include biographical data, attendance, grades, test scores, and "personality evaluations."

 

/3 Photographs

Inclusive dates: 1930s-ongoing

Volume: Over 160 prints

 

/4 Parish Bulletin

Inclusive dates: 1957-ongoing

Volume: 1.5 cubic feet

 

/5 Website

Inclusive dates: 2010-present

Volume: Cumulative

Description: Includes selected content, 2010-present, and weekly bulletins, 2018-present

 

Unless noted otherwise, the repository named above holds (or held) the records described and not the Marquette University Archives. However, Marquette’s holdings, e.g. Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records, include related records about these Native and Catholic groups and places.

new1984/rev2006-2020

Archival materials from the Raynor Memorial Libraries


Marquette Archives