GUIDE TO CATHOLIC RECORDS ABOUT NATIVE AMERICANS IN THE U.S.
Volume 2: Midwest United States
Wisconsin: WI-2

Holy Family Church. Bayfield Peninsula Parish Cluster
232 North First Street
P.O. Box 1290
Bayfield, WI 54814

Phone: 715-913-0183
Email: hfchurch@ncis.net

 

History: Holy Family Church/ Mission, Bayfield, Bayfield County, Wisconsin, has been a mixed Native and non-Native American parish in the Dioceses of Superior (Archives: Superior, Wisconsin). Antecedent parishes have included St. Joseph Church/ Mission, La Pointe, Christ Church, Bayfield, and St. Francis Church/ Mission, Red Cliff, Red Cliff Reservation.

1669-1670s

Father Claude-Jean Allouez (1622-1689), S.J. [Jesuits], Father Jacques Marquette (1637-1675), S.J., and other Jesuits (French Jesuit Province) (Archives: Montreal, Canada and Vanves, France) visited La Pointe and established St. Joseph Mission (Illinois, Ojibwa, Métis), La Pointe, Madeline Island

1835-1860

Father Frederic Baraga reestablished and administered St. Joseph Church and School, La Pointe

1835-1860

Milwaukee diocesan priests administered St. Joseph Church and School

1860-1878 (closed)

Diocesan priests (Milwaukee, 1860-1868, La Crosse, 1868-1878) established and administered Christ Church (Ojibwa, Métis, in part), Bayfield

1878-1969 

Franciscans (Sacred Heart Province) (Archives: St. Louis, Missouri) established and administered Holy Family Mission (Ojibwa, Métis, in part), Bayfield

1879-1999 (closed)

Sisters of the Third Order of St. Francis of Mary Immaculate (Archives: Joliet, Illinois) established and staffed Holy Family Mission Day School (Ojibwa, Métis)

1880-1936 (closed)

Sisters of the Third Order of St. Francis of Mary Immaculate established and staffed Holy Family Mission Boarding School (Ojibwa, Métis)

1883-ca. 1888 (closed)

Sisters of the Third Order of St. Francis of Mary Immaculate reestablished and staffed St. Joseph School

1901-1902

Fire destroyed St. Joseph Mission, which was rebuilt the next year

1969-present

Superior diocesan priests have administered Holy Family

2012-present

Father Kevin M. Gordon (Ojibwa), pastor, has administered Holy Family and St. Francis, Red Cliff

Milwaukee diocesan priests from St. Joseph’s, La Pointe, attended these missions and stations among the Ojibwa Indians:

1835-1860 (transferred to Christ Church)

Fond du Lac Reservation station, Minnesota

ca. 1845-1860 (transferred to Christ Church)

Lac Court Oreilles Reservation station

1854-1855 (became a mission)

Superior City station

1855-1860 (transferred to Christ Church)

Assumption of Our Lady Mission, Superior

1855-1860 (transferred to Christ Church)

Bad River Reservation station

Diocesan priests (Milwaukee, 1860-1868, La Crosse Diocese, 1868-1872) at Christ Church, Bayfield, attended these stations among the Ojibwa Indians:

1860-1861 (closed)

Lac du Flambeau Reservation station

1860-1872 (transferred to Sacred Heart, Duluth)

Fond du Lac Reservation station, Minnesota

 

Franciscans at Holy Family, Bayfield, attended these missions and stations among the Ojibwa Indians:

1860-1882 (transferred to St. Francis Xavier, Superior)

Lac Court Oreilles Reservation station

1860-1888 (became a mission)

Bad River Reservation station

1860-1878 (became a parish)

St. Francis Xavier/ Assumption of Our Lady Mission, Superior

1860-1927 (transferred to St. Francis, Red Cliff)

St. Joseph Mission, La Pointe

1868-1886 (transferred to St. Agnes, Ashland)

Our Lady of Seven Dolors Mission, Odanah, Bad River Reservation

1872-1878 (became a mission)

Ashland station

1878-1886 (became a parish)

St. Agnes Mission, Ashland

ca. 1875 (closed)

Lac du Flambeau Reservation station

1878-1882 (transferred to St. Francis Xavier, Superior)

Gordon station

1878-1893 (becomes a mission)

Red Cliff Reservation station

1879-1882 (transferred to St. Francis Xavier, Superior)

Trade River station

1879-1880 (became a mission)

Flambeaufarm station

1880-1882 (transferred to St. Francis Xavier, Superior)

St. Francis of Assisi Mission, Flambeaufarm

1880-1882 (transferred to St. Francis Xavier, Superior)

Mouth of Yellow River station

1880-1882 (transferred to St. Francis Xavier, Superior)

Bellilfalls station

1880-1882 (transferred to St. Francis Xavier, Superior)

Pakawong station

1880-1885 (closed)

Gordonsfarm station

1893-1927 (becomes a parish)

St. Francis Mission, Red Cliff, Red Cliff Reservation

1899-1900 (became a mission) (transferred to St. Francis, Red Cliff)

Belanger Settlement station

1900-1927 (transferred to St. Francis, Red Cliff)

St. Anthony Mission, Belanger Settlement

1908 (closed)

Balsam Lake station

1950-present

St. Joseph Mission, La Pointe

1960-1962 (closed)

St. Anthony Mission, Belanger Settlement

1960-1964 (became a parish)

St. Francis Mission, Red Cliff, Red Cliff Reservation

St. Francis Church, Red Cliff, Red Cliff Reservation:

1878-1893

Franciscans (Sacred Heart Province, St. Louis, Missouri) attended Red Cliff Reservation station (Ojibwa) from Holy Family, Bayfield 

1880-1893

Sisters of the Third Order of St. Francis of Mary Immaculate (Joliet, Illinois) established and staffed Red Cliff Catholic Day School, Red Cliff, Red Cliff Reservation 

1893-1927

Franciscans established and attended St. Francis Mission (Ojibwa) from Holy Family, Bayfield

1893-1896

Sisters of the Third Order of St. Francis of Mary Immaculate Staffed the Red Cliff Government School (Ojibwa), Red Cliff, Red Cliff Reservation

1896-1960 (closed)

Sisters of the Third Order of St. Francis of Mary Immaculate staff St. Francis School (Ojibwa), Red Cliff, Red Cliff Reservation

1927-1960

Became a parish; Franciscans administered St. Francis Church

1960-1999 (closed)

Students from St. Francis parish transferred to Holy Family School, Bayfield

1960-1964

Franciscans attended St. Francis Church from Holy Family, Bayfield

1964-2010s

Franciscans administered St. Francis

2012-present

Rev. Kevin M. Gordon (Ojibwa), a diocesan priest, has administered St. Francis

Franciscans at St. Francis, Red Cliff, attended these missions among the Ojibwa Indians:

1927-1950 (transferred to Holy Family, Bayfield)

St. Joseph Mission (Ojibwa and Métis, in part), La Pointe, Madeline Island

1927-1960 (transferred to Holy Family, Bayfield)

St. Anthony Mission, Belanger Settlement

 

Holdings of Catholic records about Native Americans:

Inclusive dates: 1835-ongoing

Volume: Over 4 cubic feet

Description: The records at Holy Family Church are described by record type because they lacked a classification scheme when reviewed by Marquette University archivists, ca. 1980.

 

/1 Sacramental records

Inclusive dates: 1835-ongoing

Volume: 13 volumes

Description:

A. Bayfield, Holy Family, La Pointe, St. Joseph's, and their Native missions and stations, 1835-present, 10 volumes; baptisms and marriages, 1835-present; deaths, 1859-present; first communions, 1879-present; confirmations, 1882-present

B. Red Cliff, St. Francis, and its Native missions, 3 volumes, 1913-present; baptisms, first communions, marriages, and deaths (funerals), 1913-present; confirmations, 1914-present

 

/2 Annals of the Sisters of St. Francis

Inclusive dates: 1879-1969

Volume: 3 volumes

Description: Annual entries, 1879-1926, and daily entries, 1926-1969

 

/3 Financial records

Inclusive dates: 1924-1959, 1966-1977

Volume: 10 volumes

Description: Annual and monthly financial journals of the Sisters of the Third Order of St. Francis of Mary Immaculate, which contain receipts and expenditures.

 

/4 School records (copies)

Inclusive dates: 1897-1923

Volume: 2 volumes

Description:

A. Holy Family School, 1897-1918, 1 volume: student records with name, birth date, arrival and departure dates, and remarks

B. Francis School, Red Cliff, 1909-1923, 1 volume: student attendance lists

 

/5 Photographs

Inclusive dates: 1960s-ongoing

Volume: Over 80 prints

Description: St. Francis Church and its Indian missions  

 

/6 Subject file

Inclusive dates: 1950s-ongoing

Volume: 2 cubic feet

Description: Arranged alphabetically; Includes St. Francis Church, Red Cliff, and its Native American missions

 

Unless noted otherwise, the repository named above holds (or held) the records described and not the Marquette University Archives. However, Marquette’s holdings, e.g. Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records, include related records about these Native and Catholic groups and places.

new1984/rev2006-2020