GUIDE TO CATHOLIC RECORDS ABOUT NATIVE AMERICANS IN THE U.S.
Volume 2: Midwest United States
Wisconsin: WI-43

Catholic Church. Diocese of Superior. Chancery Office
1201 Hughitt Avenue
P.O. Box 969
Superior, WI 54880

Phone: 715-392-2937
Email: See website

 

Hours: See website 

Access: Some restrictions apply

Copying facilities: Yes

 

History: The Diocese of Superior was erected for northwest Wisconsin, 1905. Superior and its predecessors (Detroit, 1833-1843; Milwaukee, 1843-1855; La Crosse, 1855-1905) have served the following missions, parishes, and schools with Métis and Ojibwa Indian parishioners:

1835-present (Superior, 1905-present) 

St. Joseph Mission (Métis, Ojibwa), La Pointe

1855-1910s (no longer Native) (Superior, 1905-1910s)

St. Francis Xavier/ Assumption Church (Ojibwa), Superior

 

1860-present (Superior, 1905-present)

Holy Family/ Christ Church (Ojibwa), Bayfield

1868-present (Superior, 1905-present)

Our Lady of Seven Dolors Mission (Ojibwa), Odanah, Bad River Reservation

1878-ca. 1910s (no longer Native) (Superior, 1905-1910s)

St. Agnes Church (Ojibwa), Ashland

1880-present (Superior, 1905-present)

St. Francis of Assisi Mission (Ojibwa), Flambeau/ Flambeaufarm

1882-1919 (closed) (Superior, 1905-1919)

Our Lady of Perpetual Help Mission (Ojibwa), Mouth of Yellow River

1882-1934 (closed) (Superior, 1905-1934)

St. Anthony of Padua Mission (Ojibwa), Pakwawong, Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation

1885-present (Superior, 1905-present) 

St. Francis Solanus Church (Ojibwa), Reserve, Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation

1889-1942 (closed) (Superior, 1905-1942)

St. Joseph Mission (Ojibwa), Bellilfalls

1889-ca. 1920s (no longer Native) (Superior, 1905-ca. 1920s)

Our Lady of Good Counsel/ St. Mary of Good Counsel Mission (Ojibwa), Solon Springs

ca. 1889-present (Superior, 1905-present)

St. Anthony of Padua/ St. Mary of the Angels Mission (Ojibwa), Gordon

1892-1937 (closed) (Superior, 1905-1937)

Holy Angels Mission (Ojibwa), Mud Lake

1893-present (Superior, 1905-present)

St. Francis Church (Ojibwa), Red Cliff, Red Cliff Reservation

1895-present (Superior, 1905-present)

St. Anthony of Padua Mission, Lac du Flambeau, Lac du Flambeau Reservation

1894-ca. 1915 (closed) (Superior, 1905-ca. 1915)

St. Joseph Mission (Ojibwa), New Village, Lac du Flambeau, Lac du Flambeau Reservation

1900-1962 (closed) (Superior, 1905-1962)

St. Anthony Mission (Ojibwa), Belanger Settlement

ca. 1904-1910 (closed) (Superior, 1905-1910) 

Sacred Heart Mission (Ojibwa), Trade River

1905-present

St. Anthony of Padua Church (Ojibwa), Lac du Flambeau, Lac du Flambeau Reservation

1910-1912 (no longer Native)

St. Mary Magdalene Mission (Ojibwa), Springbrook

1919-present

Our Lady of Perpetual Help Mission (Ojibwa), Danbury

1920-present

St. Mary Magdalene Mission (Ojibwa), Couderay, Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation

1934-present

St. Ignatius Mission (Ojibwa), New Post, Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation

 

Holdings of Catholic records about Native Americans:

Inclusive dates: ca. 1900-ongoing, undated

Volume: Ca. 2 cubic feet

Description: 6 series include Native Catholic records:

 

/1 Parish Files

Inclusive dates: 1906-1959 

Volume: .4 cubic foot 

Description: This series is arranged alphabetically by location of the parish or mission. 

A. Bayfield, Holy Family Church and School, 1906-1958 (majority from the 1950s), 1 folder: major correspondents include Rev. Regis Watts, Bishop Albert G. Meyer, and Bishop Joseph A. Annabring

B. Lac du Flambeau, St. Anthony of Padua Church, 1906-1959 (majority from the 1940s-1950s), 1 folder: major correspondents include Rev. Lawrence Henninger, Bishop William P. O'Connor, Bishop Albert Meyer, and Bishop Joseph Annabring

C. New Post, St. Ignatius Mission, 1922-1950 (majority from the 1920s-1930s), 1 folder: major correspondents include Rev. Ignatius Kinney, Rev. John Kauer, and Bishop Theodore Reverman

D. Odanah, Our Lady of Seven Dolors Mission and St. Mary School, 1906-1959 (majority from the 1930s-1950s), 1 folder: major correspondents include Rev. Emeran Fox, Rev. Symphorian Nothoff, Rev. Bertram Mitchell, Bishop Theodore Reverman, and Bishop Albert Meyer

E. Red Cliff, St. Francis Church and School, 1912-1959 (majority from the 1940s-1950s), 1 folder: major correspondents include Rev. Oscar Rascher, Rev. Clementin Grosskopf, Bishop Joseph A. Annabring, Bishop William O'Connor, and Bishop Albert Meyer

F. Reserve, St. Francis Solanus Mission and School, 1906-1958 (majority from the 1920s-1930s), .1 cubic foot: major correspondents include Rev. Philip B. Gordon (Ojibwa), Rev. Ignatius Kinney, Rev. John Kauer, Bishop Theodore Reverman, and the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions

 

/2 "Missions - Business" and "Indian Missions"

Inclusive dates: 1901-1949, undated

Volume: .2 cubic foot

Description: This series is arranged alphabetically by location of the parish. It primarily contains financial correspondence and legal documents relating to land transactions. 

A. Bayfield, Holy Family Church, 1930s, 1 folder: primarily correspondence

B. Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions, 1908-1911, 5 letters

C. Lac du Flambeau, St. Anthony of Padua Church, 1901, 1906-1909, 2 folders: primarily correspondence

D. Odanah, Our Lady of Seven Dolors Mission and St. Mary School, 1902-1924, 1930-1949, .1 cubic foot: includes correspondence, financial and statistical reports, and historical notes

E. Red Cliff, St. Francis Church, 1913, undated, 1 folder: correspondence and clippings

F. Reserve, St. Francis Solanus Church, 1908-1909, 1 folder: primarily correspondence

 

/3 Deceased Priests' Files 

Inclusive dates: ca.1900-1981 

Volume: .65 cubic foot

Description: This series is arranged alphabetically by surname. 

A. Gordon (Ojibwa), Rev. Philip B., ca. 1900-1981, .6 cubic foot:

1. Correspondence, 1906-1981 (majority from 1906-1920), .3 cubic foot: major correspondents include the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions, Bishop Augustin F. Schinner, and Bishop Joseph M. Koudelka; correspondence from 1948-1981 is about Rev. Gordon

2. Diary, 1909, 1913-1914, 1 volume: handwritten with daily entries

3. Photographs, ca.1900-1940s, approximately 475 prints

B. Kinney, Rev. Ignatius, 1920s-1930s, 1 folder: biographical records and correspondence regarding St. Francis Solanus Church, Reserve

 

/4 Financial and Statistical Reports 

Inclusive dates: 1908-ongoing

Volume: .5 cubic foot

Description: The series contains annual reports from each Indian parish, mission, and school within the diocese.

 

/5 "Religious Men and Women" 

Inclusive dates 1930-1945, 1949

Volume: 2 folders

Description: This series contains correspondence with religious orders working within the diocese. The letters primarily relate to appointments and finances and are arranged alphabetically by order. 

A. Franciscans, Sacred Heart Province, St. Louis, 1930-1945, 30 letters

B. Franciscan Sisters of Perpetual Adoration, La Crosse, Wisconsin, 1949, 15 letters: regarding St. Mary School, Odanah.

 

/6 Diocesan newspaper

Inclusive dates: 1953-ongoing

Volume: Occasional articles

Description: The Catholic Herald Citizen.  

 

For student attendance records at Catholic schools that served Native Americans – see also -- Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records, Marquette University Special Collections and Archives, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

 

Unless noted otherwise, the repository named above holds (or held) the records described and not the Marquette University Archives. However, Marquette’s holdings, e.g. Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records, include related records about these Native and Catholic groups and places.

new1984/rev2006-2018