GUIDE TO CATHOLIC RECORDS ABOUT NATIVE AMERICANS IN THE U.S.
Volume 2: Midwest United States
Wisconsin: WI-9

Congregation of the Priests of the Sacred Heart. United States Province. Archives
Sacred Heart Monastery
6889 South Lovers Lane Road
Franklin, WI 53130
P.O. Box 289
Hales Corners, WI 53130

Phone: 414-425-4274
Email: provarch@usprovince.org

 

Hours: See website

Access: By appointment

Copying facilities: Yes

 

History: Founded in France, 1878, the Congregation of the Priests of the Sacred Heart self-identify with the post-nominal initials, “S.C.J.” They made their first U.S. foundation, 1919, established their North American Province, 1934, and have administered the following Native American parishes and a school in South Dakota:

1923-1948 (closed)

St. Mary Mission (Brulé Lakota), Lower Brule, Lower Brule Reservation

1924-1926 (closed)

Blessed Sacrament Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Cherry Creek, Cheyenne River Reservation

1938-1948 (closed)

Blessed Sacrament Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Bull Creek, Cheyenne River Reservation

1924-1948 (closed)

Corpus Christi Church (Sans Arc Lakota), Cheyenne Agency, Cheyenne River Reservation

1924-1948 (closed)

Sacred Heart Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Red Scaffold, Cheyenne River Reservation

1924-1948 (present?)

St. Joseph Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Cherry Creek, Cheyenne River Reservation

1924-1961 (closed)

St. Mary Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), La Plant, Cheyenne River Reservation

1924-1948 (closed)

St. Mary Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Virgin Creek, Cheyenne River Reservation

1924-1926 (closed)

St. Patrick Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Upper Cherry Creek, Cheyenne River Reservation

1924-1937 (closed)

St. Peter Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Cheyenne River, Cheyenne River Reservation

1924-1948 (closed)

St. Pius Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Upper Cherry Creek, Cheyenne River Reservation

1925-1948 (closed)

St. Basil Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Mossman, Cheyenne River Reservation

1925-1961 (closed)

St. Anne/ Catherine Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Four Bears, Cheyenne River Reservation

1925-1948 (closed)

St. John the Evangelist Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Promise, Cheyenne River Reservation

1925-1948 (closed)

St. Matthew Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Parade, Cheyenne River Reservation

1925-1937, 1943 (closed)

St. Paul Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), White Horse, Cheyenne River Reservation

1927-present

St. Joseph Indian School (Brulé Lakota, Sans Arc Lakota, Sisseton Dakota, Wahpeton Dakota), Chamberlain

1929-1948 (closed)

St. Joseph Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Ridgeview, Cheyenne River Reservation

1920s-1940s

Cedar Creek Mission (Brulé Lakota), Cedar Creek, Lower Brule Reservation

1920s-1940s

Divine Infant Mission (Brulé Lakota), Fort George, Lower Brule Reservation

1920s-1940s

Iron Nation Mission (Brulé Lakota), Iron Nation, Lower Brule Reservation

1920s-1940s

St. Thomas Mission (Brulé Lakota), McClure, Lower Brule Reservation

1939-1948 (closed)

St. Peter Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), La Plant, Cheyenne River Reservation

1933-ca. 1938 (closed)

St. Peter Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Parade, Cheyenne River Reservation

1933-present

St. Catherine Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Promise/ Moreau River, Cheyenne River Reservation

1938-1948 (closed)

Our Lady of Perpetual Help Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Le Compte, Cheyenne River Reservation

1938-1948 (closed)

St. Leo Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Upper Bull Creek, Cheyenne River Reservation

1938-1948 (closed)

St. Peter Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Rousseau Creek, Cheyenne River Reservation

1938-1942, 1944-1948 (closed)

St. Therese Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), White Horse, Cheyenne River Reservation

1938-1945 (closed)

Blessed Sacrament (Sans Arc Lakota), Bull Creek, Cheyenne River Reservation

1938-1948 (closed)

St. Luke Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Thunderbutte, Cheyenne River Reservation

1937-1949 (closed)

St. Mark Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Lower Cherry Creek, Cheyenne River Reservation

1938-1948 (closed)

St. Anne Mission Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Four Bears, Cheyenne River Reservation

1938-1948 (closed)

St. Patrick Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Lower Cherry Creek, Cheyenne River Reservation

1937-present

 

Immaculate Heart of Mary/ St. Pius Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Bridger, Cheyenne River Reservation

1924-present

St. Joseph Church (Sans Arc Lakota), Cherry Creek, Cheyenne River Reservation

1939-1948 (closed)

Our Lady of the Sacred Heart Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Moreau River, Cheyenne River Reservation

1939-present

Sacred Heart Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Red Scaffold, Cheyenne River Reservation

1948-ca. 1966 (closed)

St. John the Evangelist Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Lantry, Cheyenne River Reservation

1948-present  

Sacred Heart Mission (Sans Arc Lakota), Dupree, Cheyenne River Reservation

1953-present

All Saints Church (Sans Arc Lakota), Eagle Butte, Cheyenne River Reservation

1997-present

Immaculate Conception Church (Santee Dakota, Sisseton Dakota), Stephan, Crow Creek Reservation

1997-present

St. Joseph Church (Brulé Lakota), Fort Thompson, Lower Brule Reservation

1997-present

St. Catherine/ Sacred Heart Mission (Sisseton Dakota, Wahpeton Dakota), Big Bend, Sisseton Reservation

                                         

Holdings of Catholic records about Native Americans:

Inclusive dates: 1911-ongoing, undated

Volume: Over 10 cubic feet 

Description: Within 5 series.

 

/1 "Provincial Chapters and Conferences"

Inclusive dates: 1930-ongoing

Volume: .1 cubic foot

Description: Minutes of provincial chapter meetings, which included discussions of staffing and financing of Indian missions.

 

/2 "Provincial Superior"

Inclusive dates: 1932-1965 

Volume: .2 cubic foot 

Description: Correspondence between the provincials and the superiors at St. Joseph Indian School. Major correspondents include Rev. Joseph Speyer, S.C.J., Rev. Peter Miller, S.C.J., Rev. George Pinger, S.C.J., Provincial Rev. William Nolkin, S.C.J., Provincial Rev. Richard Kiefer, S.C.J., Provincial Rev. Vildoc S. Giroux, S.C.J., and Provincial Rev. John T. O'Connor, S.C.J.

 

/3 "Oral History Interviews" 

Inclusive dates: 1966-1967, 1969 

Volume: 5 audiotapes 

Description: 

A. "Rev. Roger Dieckhaus, O.S.B., Prior, Blue Cloud Abbey, answers questions regarding Indian missions in South Dakota, March 24, 1966"

B. "History of establishing All Saints Church, Eagle Butte” by Monsignor Joseph H. Golden, Deadwood, South Dakota, 1967

C. "History of S.C.J. in South Dakota” by Monsignor Joseph H. Golden, Deadwood, South Dakota, 1967

D. "Brother Mathias Schaefer interviewed by Tom Kane at St. Joseph's Indian School, South Dakota, August 2, 1969"

E. Sister Ambrose Brand, O.S.B. interviewed by Tom Kane at St. Joseph's Indian School, South Dakota, August 3, 1969"

 

/4 "S.C.J. Communities in the U.S.A."

Inclusive dates: 1911-1981, undated

Volume: 2.8 cubic feet

Description: Arranged alphabetically by location and thereunder by institution with Native Catholic records under "Chamberlain, South Dakota and vicinity.

A. Correspondence, 1914, 1919-1951, 1953-1954, 1956-1969, 1971, undated; 818 letters: majority of correspondence pertains to the Cheyenne River Reservation missions; major correspondents include Rev. Joseph H. Golden, Rev. John Vogel, Rev. Joseph Speyer, S.C.J., Bishop John J. Lawler, Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions, and Bureau of Indian Affairs

B. Histories and historical notes, 1920s-1960s, undated, .3 cubic foot:

1. "History of St. Joseph Indian School, 1927-1964, undated," 199 typed pages: includes photographs

2. Works of Samuel Charger, 1922, 1 folder:

a. "Story of the Calf Pipe or Pipe with Many Notches, told by Solomon Yellow Hawk, La Plant, South Dakota, April 2, 1922," 2 typed pages

b. "How and When the Teton Sioux Occupied the Reservation," June 6, 1922, 33 pages

c. "Explanation of the New Dances," June 6, 1922, 5 pages

d. "Biography of Martin Charger," March 28, 1922, 5 pages

3. Historical notes on the Cheyenne River Reservation by Rev. John Vogel, S.C.J., and Rev. Joseph H. Golden, 1920s-1960s, 3 folders:

a. "History of All Saints Parish, Eagle Butte, S.D." by Rev. Joseph H. Golden, 1949, 2 typed pages

b. "Historical Review of the Catholic Church in Ziebach Country," by Rev. Joseph H. Golden, 5 typed pages

4. History of Cherry Creek, undated, 6 typed pages: author unidentified

5. Draft of a publication entitled "Wakan Tanka" by Rev. Joseph H. Golden, undated, 1 folder

6. "History of Lower Brule Agency," by Will G. Robinson, undated, 7 pages

7. Notes on Catholic Sioux Indian Congress at La Plant, South Dakota, July 13-15, 1922, undated, 1 volume

C. Chronicles and diaries, 1930-1975, .3 cubic foot:

1. Chronicle, St. Joseph's Indian School, Chamberlain, South Dakota, 1949-1975, 483 pages

2. Chronicle, St. Joseph's Mission, Cherry Creek, South Dakota, by Rev. George Pinger, S.C.J., 1965-1974, 132 pages

3. Diary, 1930-1931, 1 volume: author unidentified

4. Journals, 1936-1940, 1942-1943, 3 volumes: contain information on date when masses were given, the title of the sermon, and the number of communicants, and information on special events at Our Lady of the Sacred Heart Mission, Moreau River; St. John the Evangelist Mission, Promise; and St. Catherine Mission, Four Bears

D. Minutes of meetings, 1911-1981, .3 cubic foot:

1. Minutes of board of directors’ meetings, St. Joseph Mission, Cherry Creek, 1912-1933, 1 volume

2. Minutes of Ladies Altar Society meetings, All Saints Church, Eagle Butte, 1925-1932, 1946-1959, 1964-1981, 3 volumes

3. Minutes of board of directors’ meetings, All Saints Church, Eagle Butte, 1911-1952, 1968, 1 volume

4. Minutes of parish council meetings, All Saints Church, Eagle Butte, 1970-1975, 1 volume

E. Financial records, 1911-1967, 1.0 cubic foot: Include day and cash books and annual reports to the diocese from the missions on the Cheyenne River Reservation

F. School publications, 1935-1981, .1 cubic foot:

1. Children of the Prairie, publication of St. Joseph Indian School, Chamberlain, 1935-1941, 1 folder

2. Student writings and drawings, 1979-1981, 2 folders: by students at St. Joseph Indian School

G. Indian language records, undated, .1 cubic foot: most are by Rev. John Vogel, S.C.J., and include lists of words in English and Dakota and prayers in Dakota

H. Clippings, 1930s-1960s, .1 cubic foot

 

/5 Photographs and Films

Inclusive dates: 1920s-1970s

Volume: Ca. 7 cubic feet

Description: Arranged alphabetically by institution and there under by major subject headings. Most Native related photographs are from St. Joseph Indian School, ca. 1950s-1960s; includes a 16-mm. film on missions among Native Americans in South Dakota, ca. 1950s.  

 

Unless noted otherwise, the repository named above holds (or held) the records described and not the Marquette University Archives. However, Marquette’s holdings, e.g. Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records, include related records about these Native and Catholic groups and places.

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