Service Learning Bibliography

Below is a bibliography compiled by the Service Learning Program staff of supplemental books, articles, handbooks, journals and websites. These resources are extremely helpful if you are beginning to use service learning in a course, or if you simply are looking for ways to alter or expand your use of the pedagogy. Many of the books and articles are available online and linked below, and many others are available in the Service Learning Library. If you are interested in borrowing any of them, please contact Kim Jensen Bohat at or (414) 288-0250.

Why Use Service Learning?


Astin, A.W., Vogelgesang, L.J., Ikeda, E.K., & Yee, J.A. (2000). How service learning affects students. Higher Education Research Institute, University of California Los Angeles.

Bowman, N.A., Brandenberger, J.W., Mick, C.S., & Smedley, C.T. (2010).  Sustained immersion courses and student orientations to equality, justice, and social responsibility: The role of short-term service-learning.  Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 17(1), 20-32.

  • This article shows that short-term service learning, when done well, can impact significantly on students’ gains of orientation to justice, equality and social responsibility.

Darby, A., & Newman, G. (2014).  Exploring faculty members’ motivation and persistence in academic service-learning pedagogy.  Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, 18(2), 91-119.

De Leon, N. (2014).  Developing intercultural competence by participating in intensive intercultural learning.  Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 21(1), 17-30.

Driscoll, A., Holland. B., Gelmon, S., & Kerrigan, S. (1996). An assessment model for service-learning: Comprehensive case studies of impact on faculty, students, community and institution. Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 3(1), 66-71.

Eyler, J. (2000). What do we most need to know about the impact of service-learning on student learning? Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 7, 11-17.

Eyler, J., Giles, Jr., D.E., Stenson, C.M., & Gray, C.J. (2001). At a glance: What we know about the effects of service-learning on college students, faculty, institutions, and communities, 1993-2000: Third edition. Vanderbilt University.

Kronick, R.F., & Cunningham, R.B. (2013).  Service-learning: Some academic and community recommendations.  Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, 17(3), 139-152.

  • Highlights the benefits of service learning while giving sound suggestion

Moely, B.E. & Ilustre, V. (2014). The impact of service-learning course characteristics on university students’ learning outcomes.  Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 21(1).

Pelco, L.E., Ball, C.T., & Lockeman, K.S. (2014).  Student growth from service-learning: A comparison of first-generation and non-first-generation college students.  Journal of Higher Education Outreach & Engagement, 18(2), 49-65.

  • Study from Virginia shows that both first-generation and non-first-generation students see service learning as contributing to their academic and professional growth.

Seifer, S.D. (2002). NSLC fact sheet: The evidence base for service-learning. Scotts Valley, CA: National Service-Learning Clearinghouse.

Simons, L., & Cleary B.  (2006). The influence of service learning on students’ personal and social development.  College Teaching, 54(4), 307-319.

  • Students show significant outcomes in diversity and political awareness, community self-efficacy and civic engagement scores

Vogelgesang, L.J. & Astin, A.W. (2000). Comparing the effects of community service and service-learning. Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 7, 25-34.

Winston, F. (2015).  Reflections upon community engagement: Service-learning and its effect on political participation after college.  Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, 19(1), 79-103.

  • Study shows that service learning shows positive impacts on students’ political engagement after graduation, more so than co-curricular service.

Warren, J.L. (2012). Does service-learning increase student learning? A meta-analysis.  Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 18(2), 56-61.

  • Service learning has a positive effect on student learning outcomes


Billig, S.H. & Waterman, A.S. (2003).Studying service learning. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Bringle, R.G., Philips, M.A., & Hudson, M. (2004). The measure of service learning: Research scales to assess student experiences. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Cress, C.M., Donahue, D.M., and Associates.  (2011).  Democratic dilemmas of teaching service-learning: Curricular strategies for success.  Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, Inc.

Davidson, G., Billig, S.H., & Springer, N.C. (2006).Advancing knowledge in service learning: Research to transform the field(K.M. Casey, Ed.). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

Eyler, J. & Giles, Jr., D.E. (1999). Where's the learning in service-learning? San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Furco, A. & Billig, S.H. (2002). Service learning: The essence of the pedagogy. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

Jacoby, B. & Associates (Ed.). (2003). Building partnerships for service-learning. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Root, S., Callahan, J., & Billig, S. (Eds.). (2005).Improving service learning practice: Research on models to enhance impacts. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

Strait, J.R. & Lima, M.  (2009). The future of service-learning: New solutions for sustaining and improving practice.  Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, Inc.

Ward, K. (2003). Faculty service roles and the scholarship of engagement. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Zlotkowski, E., Longo, N., and Williams, J. (Eds.) (2006). Students as colleagues: Expanding the circle of service-learning leadership. Providence, RI: Brown University Campus Compact.


Implementing Service Learning


Kajner, T., Chovanec, D., Underwood, M., & Mian, A.  (2013). Critical Community Service Learning: Combining critical classroom pedagogy with activist community placements.  Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 19(2): 36-48.

Kane, E.W. (2012).  Student perceptions of community-based research partners and the politics of knowledge.  Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 19(1): 5-17.

  • Describes the need to ensure that we view partners as having expertise and contributing to learning, rather than as only gaining expertise from the university.

Lambright, K.T., & Lu, Y.  (2009). What impacts the learning in service learning?  An examination of project structure and student characteristics.  Journal of Public Affairs Education, 15(4): 425-444.

  • This article looks at how courses can be effective, including integrating project with course materials and taking the characteristics of students into account.

McDonald, J. & Dominguez, L. (2015). Developing university and community partnerships: A critical piece of successful service learning.  Journal of College Science Teaching, 44(3), 52-56.

  • Discusses ways to meaningfully implement service learning projects within science curriculum, including defining community, and developing the partnership framework.

Phillips, A., Bolduc, S.R., & Gallo, M.  (2013). Curricular placement of academic service-learning in higher education.  Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, 17(4), 75-96.

  • Discusses ways to build service learning into curriculum

Terry, J.D., Smith, B.H., & McQuillin, S.D. (2014). Teaching evidence-based practice in service-learning: A model for education and service.  Journal on Excellence in College Teaching, 25(1), 55-69.

  • Discusses evidence-based practices, gives an example of an exemplary service learning course and also a framework for implementing service learning.

Waters, S. & Anderson-Lain, K.  (2014). Assessing the student, faculty, and community partner in academic service-learning: A categorization of surveys posted online at Campus Compact member institutions.  Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, 18(1), 89-122.

  • Discusses ways to assess service learning in the classroom, such as journals and tests, as well as ways to assess the partnership.  It also gives an overview of ways that faculty frequently assess their students in service learning components.

Whitley, M.A.  (2014). A draft conceptual framework of relevant theories to inform future rigorous research on student service-learning outcomes.  Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 20(2): 19-40.

  • Gives a useful chart of theories to use depending on what outcomes you want to achieve in your course.


Bryant, J.A., Schoenemann, N., & Karpa, D.  (2011). Integrating service-learning into the university classroom.  Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Casey, K.M., Davidson, G., Billig, S.H., & Springer, N.C. (2006).  Advancing knowledge in service-learning: Research to transform the field.  Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing, Inc.

Cipolle, S.B. (2010).  Service-learning and social justice: Engaging students in social change.

Hatcher, J.A., & Bringle, R.G.  (2012). Understanding service-learning and community engagement: Crossing boundaries through research.  Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, Inc.

Jason, L.A., & Glenwick, D.S. (2012).  Methodological approaches to community-based research.  Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Johnson, R.G. III  (2009).  A twenty-first century approach to teaching social justice: Education for both advocacy and action.  New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing.

Kaye, C. B. (2004). The complete guide to service learning: Proven, practical ways to engage students in civic responsibility, academic curriculum, & social action. Minneapolis, MN: Free Spirit.

Meens, D.E. (2014).  Democratic and social justice goals in service-learning evaluation: Contemporary challenges and conceptual resources.  Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 21(1), 41-54.

Moely, B.E., Billig, S.H., & Holland, B.A. (2009).  Creating our identities in service-learning and community engagement.  Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, Inc.

Pliner, S.M. & Banks, C.A.  (2012).  Teaching, Learning, and Intersecting Identities in Higher Education.  New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing.

Stewart, T., & Webster, N. (2011).  Problematizing service-learning: Critical reflections for development and action.  Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, Inc.

Strand, K., Marullo, S., Cutforth, N., Stoecker, R., & Donohue, P.  (2003).  Community-based research and higher education.  San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.




Ash, S.L., & Clayton, P.H. (2004). The articulated learning: An approach to guided reflection and assessment. Innovative Higher Education, 29(2).

Ash, S. L., & Clayton, P.H. (2009).  Generating, deepening, and documenting learning: The power of critical reflection in applied learning.  Journal of Applied Learning in Higher Education, 1, 25–48.

Ash, S.L., Clayton, P.H., & Atkinson, M.P. (2005) Integrating reflection and assessment to capture and improve student learning. Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 11(2), 49-60.

Ash, S.L., Clayton, P.H., & Moses, M.G. (2007). Schematic overview of the DEAL model for critical reflection. Teaching and Learning Through Critical Reflection: An Instructors' Guide. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.

Bleicher, R.E., & Correia, M.G. (2011). Using a “small moments” writing strategy to help students reflect on their service-learning experiences.  Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, 15(4), 17-30.

Falk, D. (1995). Preflection: A strategy for enhancing reflection. NSEE Quarterly, 13.

Gelmon, S. B., Holland, B. A., Driscoll, A., Spring, A., & Kerrigan, S. (2001). Assessing service-learning and civic engagement: Principals and techniques. Providence, RI: Campus Compact, Brown University.

Guthrie, K., & McCracken, H. (2014).  Reflection: the importance of making meaning in e-service-learning courses.  Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 26(3), 238-252.

Hatcher, J.A., & Studer, M.L. (2015).  Service-learning and philanthropy: Implications for course design.  Theory Into Practice, 54(1), 11-19.

Hatcher, J.A., Bringle, R.G., & Muthiah, R. (2004). Designing effective reflection: What matters to service-learning? Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 11(1), 38-46.

Maddrell, J. (2014).  Service-learning instructional design considerations.  Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 26(3), 213-226.

Patti, C. & Ash, S. (2005).Reflection as a key component in faculty development. On the Horizon, 13(3).

Reed, J. & Koliba, C. Facilitating reflection: A manual for leaders and educators.

Smagorinsky, P., Clayton, C.M., & Johnson, L.L. (2015). Distributed scaffolding in a service-learning course.  Theory Into Practice, 54(1), 71-78.

Sturgill, A., & Motley, P. (2014).  Methods of reflection about service learning: Guided vs. free, dialogic vs. expressive, and public vs. private.  Teaching and learning inquiry, 1(81).

Welch, M. (1999). ABCs of reflection: A template for students and instructors to implement written reflection in service learning. NSEE Quarterly, 25(2), 23-25.
Wolcott, S.K., & Lynch, C.L. (2000). The reflective judgment model: Implications for service-learning and reflection.


Eyler, J., & Giles, D.E. (1996). A practitioner's guide to reflection in service-learning. Nashville: Vanderbilt University, 1996.


Community-Based Research


Fitzgerald, H.E., Burack, C, & Seifer, S.D. (2010). Handbook of engaged scholarship (Vol. 1). East Lansing: Michigan State University Press.

Jason, L.E. & Glenwick, D.S. (2012). Methodological approaches to community-based research (1st ed.). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Strand, K., Cutforth, N., Stoecker, R., Marullo, S., Donohue, P. (2003). Community-based research and higher education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Stoecker, R. (2013). Research methods for community change: a project-based approach (2nd e.). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.


Relevant Websites