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Alexandre A. Martins, Ph.D.

Alexandre Martins
Alexandre A. Martins, Ph.D.Marquette University

Marquette Hall, 330

MilwaukeeWI53201United States of America
(414) 288-3165

Assistant Professor

Highest Degree and Institution

Ph.D., Marquette University

Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Coimbra, Portugal

Courses Taught

HEAL 3200:  Bioethics for Health Care

HEAL 4951:  Global and Community-Based Health

Research Interests

Community Participation in Public Health Decision-Making and Human Rights: Neoliberal Policies and Universal Health Care Coverage in Brazil develops a participatory action research about the relationship between human rights, health care, health-related policies and community participation in the context of Brazil. The Brazilian public health system known as Unified Health System (SUS, acronym in Portuguese) was created after the 1988 Constitution that stated the right to health of all and the duty of the State in ensuring it. Although the right to health is a constitutional right in Brazil, political decisions and policies in the last few years have favored a commodity approach to health care, fostering the private health sector. Consequently, these policies have impacted the SUS in a way that they seem to exacerbate SUS problems and marginalizing vulnerable populations from accessing health care. This project examines these policies and whether or not they have functioned to dismantle the SUS and directed the health care perspective from a right to a privilege and how these policies impact the lives of low-income families by considering two communities in São Paulo, Brazil. Further, this research will engage these two communities and their activities from their local Catholic Church by using a participatory action research method combined with insights from liberation theology. Semi-structured interviews will be performed to understand their experience accessing health care services. The findings of this research will provide education for the communities that participate in the project and also help them to develop strategies and actions for their political engagement in the public health system.

Professional Affiliations

Catholic Theological Ethics in the World Church – CTEWC

Sociedade Brasileira de Teologia Moral – SBTM

Society of Christian Ethics – SCE

Publications

Link to Marquette University E-Publications - Martins

Books

The Cry of the Poor: Liberating Ethics and Justice in Health Care Lanham, MD.: Lexington Books: 2020

A Pobreza e a Graça: Experiência de Deus em Meio ao Sofrimento em Simone Weil (São Paulo: Paulus, 2013).

Bioética, Saúde e Vulnerabilidade: Em Defesa da Dignidade dos Vulneráveis (São Paulo: Paulus, 2012). 

Peer-Reviewed Articles  

With Sydney Allen, “Litigation to Access Health Services: Ally or Enemy of Global Public Health?”  Annals of Global Health, 86, 1 (2020),14, 1-15. http://doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2760

“Ética Social Católica e Saúde Pública: Em Busca de uma Bioética Libertadora” in Perspectiva Teológica 51, no. 3 (Sept./Dec. 2019): 461-480. https://doi.org/10.20911/21768757v51n3p461/2019

“From Vatican II to Amoris Laetitia: The Catholic Social and Sexual Ethics Division and a Way of Ecclesial Interconnection” in Fronteiras 2, no. 2 (July/Dec. 2019): 69-89. https://doi.org/10.25247/2595-3788.2019.v2n2.p69-89

“Simone Weil’s Radical Ontology of Rootedness: Natural and Supernatural Justice” in Praxis: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Faith and Justice (Online Frist, Dec. 10, 2019). https://doi.org/10.5840/praxis20191296

“The Leftist Political Parties in Light of Simone Weil’s Criticism: The Workers’ Party Care” in Síntese: Revista de Filosofia 46, no. 145 (May/August 2019): 283-300. https://doi.org/10.20911/21769389v46n145p47/2019“Solidarity and Social Justice in Promoting Mental Health and Wellness among Impoverished People: Looking from Mercy and Liberation” in Annals of Bioethics & Clinical Applications 1, no. 1 (2018):1-8. https://medwinpublishers.com/ABCA/ABCA16000101.pdf

“Protestant Social Ethics and Catholic Social Ethics: A Dialogue Towards Just Health” in Atualidade Teológica 21, no. 56 (May-August 2017): 323-43. https://doi.org/17771/PUCRio.ATeo.30443

“A Haiti Report: A Personal Reflection in Liberation Spirituality” in The Journal of Healthcare Ethics & Administration 2, no. 2 (Fall/Winter 2016): 1-4.

“Preferential Option for the Poor and Equity in Health” in Rivista Camillianum 40 (2014): 31-48. “Health Justice: A Liberation Approach to Justice in Health Care” in Health Care Ethics USA 22, no. 3 (summer 2014): 1-14.

Book Chapters

“Non-Communicable and Chronic Diseases in Developing Countries: The Need of Palliative Care in Global Health Agenda” in Catholic Bioethics and Social Justice: The Praxis of US Health Care in a Globalized World, M. Therese Lysaught and Michael McCarthy (Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 2018), 329-341.

“Lessons from Medellín for Just Health Care: Catholic Ministry, Incarnation, and Participation” in The Grace of Medellín: History, Theology and Legacy, Margaret E. Guide, Felix Palazzi, and O. Ernestro Valient. (Miami: Convivium Press, 2018): 225-240.

“Direitos Humanos e Saúde Pública Global em Diálogo Interdisciplinar e Libertador” in Ética Teológica e Direitos Humanos, Ronaldo Zacharias and Maria Inês de Castro Millen (Aparecida, SP: Editora Santuário; SBTM, 2018): 373-400.

“Diálogo: Antigo e Novo Desafio para a Ética Teológica no Brasil” in Hacia una Ética de Participación y Esperanza: Congreso Latinoamericado de Ética Teologica, Emilce Cuda (Bogotá: Universidad Javeriana Press, 2017), 160-200.

“Immigration and Vulnerable Bodies: Migrants and Health Risks in Brazil” in Living With(out) Borders: Catholic Theological Ethics on the Migrations of Peoples, Agnes M. Brazal and Maria Teresa Davila (Marykroll: Orbis Books, 2016), 91-100.

Funding

2020: PI, “Community Participation in Public Health Decision-Making and Human Rights: Neoliberal Policies and Universal Health Care Coverage in Brazil” Regular Research Grant and Summer Faculty Fellowship – Marquette University


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