Peace Research Areas
What is peace education and peace research?
Peace education and research occurs in—and at the intersections of—traditional and emerging disciplines. Peacemaking is less a distinct field and more a conceptual framework with broad application.
The table below—adapted from "Social, Political, and Cultural Influences on Peace Studies" by George A. Lopez—shows an early conceptual map of some peace studies disciplines.
|empty||Individual||Social Group and Intranational||International|
|Causes and Consequences of Violence||
|Reducing or Resolving Violent Conflict||
|Norms and Institutions of Peace||
The Peacemaking and Peacebuilding Research Areas graphic — adapted from "Peacebuilding 2.0: Mapping the Boundaries of an Expanding Field" by the Alliance for Peacebuilding — identifies additional established and emerging areas of peace research. Areas depicted include Academic, Conflict Prevention, Conflict Resolution & Transformation, Democracy & Governance, Development, Environment, Food Security, Genocide Prevention, Health, Human Rights, Human Security, Humanitarian Aid, Nuclear Proliferation, Refugees & Internally Displaced Persons, Religion, Rule of Law, Science & Technology, Security, Women, and Youth.
Center for Peacemaking priority research areas
The center has identified the following research areas as priorities for advancing peacemaking scholarship at Marquette:
- The process of healing and reconciliation after the use of violence (random, terror, sexual, premeditated, military).
- The reasons for the success or failure of peace agreements and accords in building nonviolent peaceful communities.
- Reasons for the success or failure of nonviolent social movements.
- Best practices for teaching about peace and conflict resolution.
- The role of religion and ethnic sources as a motivator for the expansion or the incitement to violence.
- The role of economic, governmental and international organizations (UN, EU, WHO, etc.) policy in promoting peace.
- The use (positive or negative) of communication, technology and social media to influence perceptions of peacemaking, of the identities of the "other" or of violence.
- The effect of language and advertising in cultural values and ethics toward gender or ethnic perceptions.
- The efficacy of peacemaking and conflict resolution in schools, the workplace, the government or international conflicts.
- Role of literature and entertainment influencing society's attitudes toward social welfare, justice and violence.
- Research related to the reduction of violence against women, including evaluations of efforts by health care and social service providers to reduce familial and societal violence in at-risk populations.
- The effects of environmental degradation on regional conflict and migration and methods of promoting sustainable use of resources.
- The impact of handgun availability on interpersonal conflict and community health in Milwaukee.
- The impact of violence prevention and community organizing on community efficacy and neighborhood development in Milwaukee.